Chapter 3

Card Set Information

Author:
abuter
ID:
225405
Filename:
Chapter 3
Updated:
2013-07-02 15:36:23
Tags:
Integumentery System
Folders:

Description:
flash cards
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user abuter on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. an inflammatory cond of the sebacious glands and the hair
    acne
  2. a small outgrowth of epidermal and dermal tissue
    acrochordon
  3. inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to radiant energy, such as x-rays, ultraviolet light, and sunlight
    actinic dermatitis
  4. absence of pigment in skin, hair, and eyes
    albinism
  5. loss of hair, baldness
    alopecia
  6. a cond in which there is a lack or complete absence of sweating
    anhidrosis
  7. a graft taken from one part of the patient's body and transferred to another part
    autograft
  8. the process of forcibly tearing off a part of structure of the body, such as a finger or toe
    avulasion
  9. an epithelial malignant tumor of the skin that rarely metastasizes
    basal cell carcinoma
  10. an injury in which a part of the body surfaces is torn by an insect, animal, or human, resulting in an abrasion, puncture, or laceration
    bite
  11. a larger blister
    bulla
  12. an injury to tissue caused by heat, fire, chemical agents, electricity lightning, or radiation; burns are classified according to degree or depth of skin damage
    burn
  13. an acute, painful nodule formed in the subcutaneous layers of the skin, gland, or hair follicle; most often caused by the invasion of staphylococci
    boil
  14. hardened skin
    callus
  15. an infection of the skin or mucous membranes with any species of candida
    candidiasis
  16. an infection of the subutaneous tissue, usually composed of a cluster of boils
    carbuncle
  17. intense burning pain associated with trophic skin changes in the hand or foot after trauma to the part
    causalgia
  18. inflammation of cellular or connective tissue
    cellulitis
  19. the scar left after the healing of a wound
    cicatrix
  20. comedo
    blackhead
  21. a horny induration and thinkening of the skin on the toes caused by ill-fitting shoes
    corn
  22. pert to the skin
    cutaneous
  23. closed sac that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
    cyst
  24. literally means laying down
    decubitus
  25. the separation or bursting open of a surgical wound
    dehiscence
  26. inflammation of the skin
    dermatitis
  27. one who specializes in the study of the skin
    dermatilogist
  28. an instrument used to cut the skin for grafting
    dermatome
  29. a skin condition caused by a fungus
    dermomycosis
  30. a cond in which the blood seeps into the skin causing discolorations ranging from blue-black to greenish-yellow
    ecchymosis
  31. an inflammatory skin disease of the epidermis
    eczema
  32. a redness of the skin; may be caused by capillary congestion, inflammation, heat, sunlight, or cold temperature
    erythema
  33. abnormal redness of the skin occurring over widespread areas of the body
    erythroderma
  34. a slough, scab
    eschar
  35. abrasion of the epidermis by scratching, trauma, chemicals, burns, etc.
    excoriation
  36. production of pus or serum
    exudate
  37. inflammation of a follicle or follicles
    filliculitis
  38. inflammatory skin disease caused by a herpes virus (type 1)
    herpes simplex
  39. inflammation of the sweat glands
    hidradentitis
  40. eruption of the itching and burning swellings on the skin
    hives
  41. a cond of excessive sweating
    hyperhydrosis
  42. pert to under the skin or inserted under the skin
    hypodermic
  43. pert to jaundice
    icteric
  44. a skin infection marked by vesicles or bullae
    impetigo
  45. a covering; the skin, system consisting of the dermis and the epidermis
    integumentary
  46. pert to within the skin
    intradermal
  47. a symptom of a disease in which there is excessive bile in the blood
    jaundice
  48. overgrowth of scar tissue caused by excessive collagen formation
    keloid
  49. a flat, brownish spot on the skin sometimes caused by exposure to the sun and weather
    lentigo
  50. localized loss of pigmentation of the skin
    leukoderma
  51. white spots or  patches formed on the mucous membrane of the tongue or cheek; the spots are smooth, hard, and irregular in shape and may become malignant
    leukoplakia
  52. localized loss of pigmentation of the skin
    leukoderma
  53. originally used to describe a destructive type of skin lesion
    lupus
  54. a cancerous tumor that has black pigmentation
    melanocarcinoma
  55. a malignant black mole or tumor
    melamoma
  56. appears as a rash with tiny pinhead-sized papules, vesicles, and/or  pustules; commonly seen in newborns and/or infants
    miliaria
  57. pigmented, elevated spot above the surface of the skin
    mole
  58. inflammation of the nail
    onychitis
  59. a cond of the nail caused by a fungus
    onychomycosis
  60. pachyderma
    thick skin
  61. infectious cond of the marginal structures around the nail
    paronychia
  62. cond of infestation with lice
    pediculosis
  63. small, pinpoint, purplish hemorrhagic spots on the skin
    petechiae
  64. sever itching
    pruritus
  65. chronic skin disease characterizedby pink or dull-red lesions surmounted by silvery scales
    psoriasis
  66. a purplish discoloration of the skin caused by extravasation of the blood into the tissue
    purpura
  67. plastic surgery for the removal of wrinkles
    rhytidoplasty
  68. any rose-colored rash marked by maculae or red spots on the skin
    roseola
  69. a contagious skin disease characterized by fever, inflammation or the mucous membranes, and rose-colored spots on the skin
    rubeola
  70. a contagious skin disease characterized by papules, vesicles, pustules, burrows, and intense itching; is is caused by the itch mite and is also called "the itch" or the "7 year itch"
    scabies
  71. mark left by the healing process of a wound, sore, or injury
    scar
  72. chronic cond with hardening of the skin and other connective tissues of the body
    scleroderma
  73. excessive flow of oil from the sebaceous glands
    seborrhea
  74. the fatty oil from the sebaceous glands of the skin
    sebum
  75. cond occurring in older ppl wherein there is dry skin and localized scaling caused by excessive exposure to the sun
    senile keratosis
  76. streaks or lines on the breasts, thighs, abd, or buttocks caused by weakening of elastic tissue
    striae (plural)
  77. subcutaneous
    pert to below the skin
  78. subungual
    pert to below the nail
  79. tight, firm; to pull or draw tight a surface, such as the skin
    taut
  80. dilatiation of small blood vessels that may appear as a birthmark
    telanglectasia
  81. inability to distinguish between the sensations of heat and cold
    thermanesthesia
  82. contagious skin disease affecting both man and domestic animals, caused by a certain fungi, and marked by the localized appearance of discolored, scaly patches on the skin; also called ringworm
    tinea
  83. trichomycosis
    fungus cond of the  hair
  84. open lesion or sore of the epidermis or mucous membrane
    ulcer
  85. contagious viral disease characterized by fever, ha, and a crop of red spots that become macules, papules, vesicles, and crusts
    vericella
  86. skin cond characterized by milk-white patches, surrounded by areas of normal pigmentation
    vitiligo
  87. elevation of viral origin on the epidermis
    wart
  88. an injury to soft tissue caused by trauma, generally classified as open or closed
    wound
  89. yellow skin
    xanthoderma
  90. yellow tumor
    xanthoma
  91. xerosis
    abnormal dryness of the skin, mucous membranes, or conjunctiva
  92. no  not  w/o  lack of   apart
    a
  93. an
    • no 
    • not
    • without
    • lack of
    • apart
  94. auto
    self
  95. de
    down
  96. ec
    out
  97. ex
    out
  98. hyper
    excessive
  99. hypo
    under
  100. intra
    within
  101. melan/o
    melan
    black
  102. par
    around
  103. sub
    below
  104. xanth
    xanth/o
    yellow
  105. xer/o
    xer
    dry
  106. acr/o
    extremity
  107. erythr/o
    red
  108. miliar
    millet (tiny)
  109. onych/o
    onych
    nail
  110. myc
    fungus
  111. pachy
    thick
  112. pedicul
    a louse
  113. prurit
    itching
  114. rhytid/o
    wrinkle
  115. scler/o
    hard
  116. seb/o
    oil
  117. senile
    old
  118. herat
    horn
  119. ungu
    nail
  120. tel
    • end
    • distant
  121. ang/i
    vessel
  122. therm
    • hot
    • heat
  123. trich/o
    hair
  124. chord
    cord
  125. actin
    ray
  126. dermat
    derm/o
    derm/a
    dermat/o
    -derma
    skin
  127. albin
    white
  128. lopec
    • fox
    • mange
  129. hidr
    sweat
  130. vuls
    to pull
  131. caus
    heat
  132. cellul
    little cell
  133. cutane
    skin
  134. cubit
    to lie
  135. log
    study of
  136. chym
    juice
  137. coriat
    corium
  138. follicul
    little bag
  139. aden
    gland
  140. icter
    jaundice
  141. integument
    covering
  142. jaund
    yellow
  143. kel
    tumor
  144. leuk/o
    white
  145. plak
    plate
  146. carcin
    cancer
  147. -on
    pert to
  148. -ic
    pert to
  149. -itis
    inflammation
  150. -ia
    pert to
  151. -osis
    cond of
  152. -graft
    • pencil
    • knife
    • grafting
  153. -ion
    process
  154. -algia
    pain
  155. -ous
    pert to
  156. -us
    pert to
  157. -ist
    one who specializes
  158. -tome
    instrument to cut
  159. -ary
    pert to
  160. -al
    pert to
  161. -oid
    resemble
  162. -oma
    tumor
  163. -plasty
    surgical repair
  164. -rrhea
    • flow
    • discharge
  165. -ectasia
    dilatation
  166. -esthesia
    sensation
  167. transdermal test performed using a sterile, disposable, multiple-puncture lancer which is pressed into the skin to indentify tuberculosis
    tine or Heaf test
  168. process of injecting PPD intradermally to indentify tuberculosis
    Mantoux test
  169. test to determine the amount of chloride concentration on the skin
    sweat test
  170. a microscopic exam of a small piece of tissue that has been surgically scraped from a pustule
    Tzanck test
  171. test done on a wound exudate to determine the presence of microorganisms
    wound culture
  172. tissue that is excised and examined microscopically to establish a diagnosis
    biopsy
  173. Abbr.

    decub
    decubitus
  174. Abbr.

    derm
    dermatology
  175. Abbr.

    FB
    foreign body
  176. Abbr.

    FUO
    fever of undetermined origin
  177. Abbr.

    H
    hypodermic
  178. Abbr.

    Hx
    history
  179. Abbr.

    ID
    intradermal
  180. Abbr.

    I&D
    incision and drainage
  181. Abbr.

    NPUAP
    National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel
  182. Abbr.

    PUVA
    psoralen-ultraviolet light
  183. Abbr.

    SG
    skin graft
  184. Abbr.

    SLE
    systemic lupus erythematosus
  185. Abbr.

    staph
    staphylococcus
  186. Abbr.

    STD
    skin test done
  187. Abbr.

    strep
    streptococcus
  188. Abbr.

    STSG
    split thickness skin graft
  189. Abbr.

    subsu
    subq
    subcutaneous
  190. Abbr.

    T
    temperature
  191. Abbr.

    TIMS
    topical immunomodulators
  192. Abbr.

    TTS
    transdermal therapeutic system
  193. Abbr.

    ung
    ointment
  194. Abbr.

    UV
    ultraviolet
  195. substances used for dry skin that are usually oily in nature
    emollients
  196. agents that cause or promote loosening of horny (keratin) layers of skin
    keratolytics
  197. agents that inhibit the conduction of nerve impulses from sensory nerves and thereby reduce pain and discomfort
    antipruritic agents
  198. agents that destroy or stop the growth of microorganisms
    antibiotic agents
  199. agents that destroy or inhibit the growth of fungi and yeast
    antifungal agents
  200. agents that combat specific viral diseases
    antiviral agents
  201. agents used to relieve the swelling, tenderness, redness, and pain of inflammation
    anti-inflammatory agents
  202. agents that prevent or inhibit the growth of pathogens
    antiseptic agents
  203. the skin has ___ main functions which are_____
    • 4
    • protection
    • regulation
    • sensation
    • secretion
  204. the outer layer of skin
    epidermis
  205. subcutaneous tissue has ____ jobs which are to ____
    • 4
    • support
    • insulate
    • nourish
    • cushion
  206. lubricates the hair and skin
    sebaceous glands
  207. secretes perspiration
    sudoriferous (sweat) glands
  208. the skin is composed of 2 layers
    • epidermis
    • dermis
  209. 4 accessory structures of the skin
    • hair
    • nails
    • sweat glands
    • sebaceous glands
  210. an area of skin and tissue that becomes injured or broke down
    decubitus ulcer
  211. epidermis has 3 types of cells
    • squamous cells - flat, scaly cells on the surface
    • basal cells - round cells
    • melanocytes - give skin its color
  212. skin cancer
    a disease in which malignant cells are found in the epidermis
  213. 2 most common forms of skin CA
    • basal cell
    • squamous cell
  214. crescent shaped white area of the nail
    lunula
  215. the epidermis is divided into 4 -----.
    • strata
    • stratum corneum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum granulosum
    • stratum germinativum
  216. dead cells filled with a protien substance
    keratin
  217. pigment that gives skin its color; found in the stratum germinativum layer
    melanin
  218. also called the corium or true skin
    dermis
  219. 2 layers of the dermis
    • upper or papillary
    • lower or reticular

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview