Anthropology Ch1-5

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  1. Adaptive Radiation
    The evolution and spreading out of related species into new niches
  2. Adaptation
    The state in which an organism is adjusted to and can survive in its environment through physical traits behaviors.
  3. Alleles
    Variants of a gene
  4. Amino Acids
    The chief components of proteins
  5. Anthropology
    Study of human species
  6. Archaeology
    Study of human cultural past and reconstruction of past cultural systems
  7. Applied Anthropolgy
    Anthropology used to address current practical problems and concerns.
  8. Belief Systems
    Ideas that are taken on faith cant be scientifically tested.

  9. Biological Anthropology
    Studies humans as biocultural species
  10. Catastrophists
    Those who believed that the history of earth is explained by global catastrophes.
  11. Chromosome
    Strands of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
  12. Codon
    The three-based sequence that codes for a specific amino acid
  13. Cultural Anthroplogy
    Focuses on human cultural behavior and cultural systems and the variation in cultural expression among human groups
  14. Culture
    Ideas and behaviors that are learned and shared.
  15. Dominant
    Allele of a heterozygous pair is expressed in the phenotype
  16. Deduction
    Suggesting specific data would be found if a hypothesis were true
  17. DNA
    The molecule that carries the genetic code
  18. Enzyme
    Proteins that control chemical processes
  19. Evolution
    Species of living things change over time and under the right circumstances can produce new species from existing ones
  20. Fitness
    Better adapted individuals that would have better reproductive success
  21. Forensic Anthropology
    Applying anthropology to legal matters
  22. Fossils
    Remains of life forms of the past
  23. Gene Flow
    The exchange of genes among population through interbreeding
  24. Gene Pool
    All the alleles in a population
  25. Genetic Drift
    The splitting of populations to find new populations with new percentages of alleles
  26. Generalized species
    Species adapted to a wide range of environmental niches
  27. Genes
    Those portions of the DNA molecule that code for a fuctional product, usually a protein
  28. Genetic Code
    Set of instruction for the production or synthesis of proteins from amino acids
  29. Genetic Material
    Material that plays a role in structure and nature of cells
  30. Darwin Gradualism
    Evolution is slow and steady with cumulative change
  31. Heterozygous
    Having two different alleles in a gene pair
  32. Hollistic
    Assuming an interrelationship among the parts of a subject
  33. Homozygous
    Having two of the same allele in a gene pair
  34. Human Ecology
    The study of the relationship between humans and their environment
  35. Hypotheses
    Educated guess
  36. Induction
    Developing a general explanation from specific observations
  37. Inheritance of acquired charateristics
    The incorrect idea that adaptive traits acquired during an organism lifetime can be pass on to its offspring
  38. Linguistic Anthroplogy
    Study of human language, the differences among languages, and the relationship between language and the societies that use them
  39. Meiosis
    The process of cell division in which gamets are produced
  40. Mitosis
    The process of cell division that results in two exact copies of the original cell
  41. Monogentic
    a trait coded for by a single gene
  42. Mutation
    any mistake in the genetic code
  43. Natural Selection
    Evolutionary change based on the differential reproductive success of individuals within a species
  44. Nucleotide
    The basic building block of DNA and RNA, made up of a sugar, phosphate, and one of four bases
  45. Niche
    The environment of an organism and its adaptive response to that enviroment
  46. Osteology
    The study of the structure, function and evolution of the skeleton
  47. Paleoantropology
    study of fossils
  48. Phenotype
    The chemical or physical results of the genetic code
  49. Polygenic
    a trait coded by more than one gene
  50. Primatology
    Study of primates
  51. Progessive
    going from imperfect to perfect by a process of increasing complexity
  52. Proteins
    Molecules that make cells and carry out cellular functions
  53. Protein Synthesis
    The process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in the cell
  54. Recessive
    The allele of a pair that is expressed only if homzygous
  55. Replication
    The copying of genetic code during cell division
  56. RNA
    Carries instructions from DNA to proteins
  57. Science
    The method of inquiry that requires the generation, testing, and acceptance or rejection of hypotheses
  58. Scientific Method
    The process of conducting scientific inquiry
  59. Scientific Creationism
    The belief in a literal biblical interpretation of the creation of the universe that connects to scientific evidence
  60. Segregation
    In genetics, the breaking up of allele pairs in the production of gamets
  61. Species
    a group of organism that can produce fertile offspring among themselves but not with members of other groups
  62. Specialized species
    species that are adapted to narrow range of environmental niches
  63. Stratigraphy
    study of layers
  64. Taxonomy
    Classification and naming of living organisms
  65. Theory
    a well supported general idea that explains a large set of factual patters and predicts other patterns.
  66. Zygote
    the fertilized egg before cell division begins
Card Set:
Anthropology Ch1-5
2013-06-30 07:12:26
Anthropology test quiz

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