drug prefixes/suffixes

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Author:
mthompson17
ID:
225447
Filename:
drug prefixes/suffixes
Updated:
2013-06-30 16:04:15
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pharmacology prefixes suffixes nursing
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pharmacology nursing
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  1. -ase & -plase
    thrombolytic agent

    -ase usually indicates enzyme

    EX:  alteplase anistreplase, reteplase, streptokinase, tenecteplase
  2. -azole
    antifungal antimicrobial

    EX?  clotrimazole, edorazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole
  3. cef- or ceph-
    cephalosporin antibiotic

    EX:  cefazolin, cephalexin,cefotetan, ceftazidime, ceftriazone,
  4. -cillin
    penicillin antibiotics

    EX:  amoxicillin, nafcillin, oxacillin, penicillin
  5. -cycline
    tetracycline antibiotic

    • EX:  doxycycline, minocycline
    • tetracycline
  6. -dipine
    Ca channel blocker, antianginal, antihypertensive


    EX:  amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nicardipine, nifedicpine
  7. -dronate
    biphosphonate, bone resorption inhibitor

    EX:  alendronate, etidronate, pamidronate, risedroneate
  8. -floxacin
    fluoroquinolone antibiotics

    EX:  ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, norfloxacin. sparfloxacin
  9. -micin, -mycin
    aminoglycoside or antibiotic

    EX:  gentamicin, kanamycin, neomycin, netilmicin, streptomycin, tobramycin
  10. nitr-, -nitr
    nitrate, vasodilator, antianginal

    EX:  isosorbide dinitrate or mononitrate, nitroglycerin
  11. -olol, lol
    beta blocker, antihypertensive, and/or antianginal

    EX:  atenolol, betaxolo, bisoprolol, metoprolo, nadolol, propranolol, timolol
  12. -parin
    anticoagulant, heparin or heparinnoid

    EX:  ardeparin, dalteparin, danaparoid, enoxaparin, heparin, tinazaparin
  13. -phylline
    xanthine type of bronchodilator

    EX:  aminophylline, theophylline
  14. -prazole
    GI proton pump inhibitor/antiulcer

    EX:  iansoprazole, omeprazole
  15. -pril
    ACE inhibitor, antihypertensive

    EX:  benazepril, captopril, enalapril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexepril, quinapril
  16. sal-, -sal-
    contains salicylate/aspirin

    EX:  salsalate, sulfasalazine
  17. -sartan
    angiotensin II receptor antagonist, antihypertensive

    EX:  candesartan, eprosartan, irbesartan, losartan, olmesartan
  18. -sone, -lone, pred-
    corticosteroid

    EX:  betamethasone, cortisone, dexamethasone, prednisolone
  19. -statin
    lipid lowering agent

    atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin, simvastatin
  20. sulfa-
    sulfonamide, antibiotic

    EX:  sulfacetamide, sulfadiazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfisoxazole
  21. -terol
    adrenergic type of bronchodilator

    EX:  albuterol, bitolterol ,formoterol, lveabuterol,
  22. -tidine
    histamine 2 antagonist, antiulcer

    EX:  cimetidine, famotidine, nizatidine, ranitidine
  23. -triptan
    vascular HA suppressant, serotonin agonist

    EX:  almotriptan, naratriptan, sumatriptan
  24. -vir
    antiviral

    EX:  acyclovir, cidofovir, famiciclovir,
  25. -zepam, zolam
    benzodiazepine, antianxiety, sedative/hypnotic

    EX:  alprazolam, lorazepam, diazepam, oxazepam, midazolam
  26. -zosin
    perpherally acting alpha-1 blocker, antihypertensive

    EX:  doxazocin, prazosin, & terazosin

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