Art 18-24

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Art 18-24
2013-06-30 22:48:16

ACDEC Art 18-24
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  1. What was the difference in art in the North from the South of Europe?
    The North's art was smaller and displayed a degree of realistic detail greater than in the South.
  2. Why was the influence of classical antiquity much less prominent in the North than the South?
    Because the North had less access to the classical works in Italy.
  3. What were two ways that influences from the South spread to the North?
    Through engravings and the trade routes from Venetian merchants to German merchants.
  4. What two artists are considered the greatest artists of the Renaissance in Northern Europe?
    Matthias Grunewald and Albrecht Druerer.
  5. What is Grunewald known for?
    His religious scenes and his depiction of Christ's crucifixion as well as the Isenheim Altarpiece a  work with nine panels on two sets of folding wings.
  6. What is considered Grunewald's greatest masterpiece?
    The Isenheim Altarpiece.
  7. What did Duerer aim to do?
    Achieve a style that combined naturalistic ideals favored by the north with the theoretical Italian ideas.
  8. Who created the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse?
    Albrecht Duerer.
  9. What German artist is known as one of the best Renaissance portraitists?
    Hans Holbein the Younger.
  10. Who was the court painter for King Henry VIII and showed his talent for presenting details and capturing the psychological character of his subject?
    Hans Holbein the Younger.
  11. When was the Baroque Era?
    Late 16th century to mid 18th century.
  12. What was the difference between the Renaissance and Baroque artworks?
    Baroque artworks are less static and are characterized by a greater sense of movement and energy.
  13. What were the four most powerful rulers of their time?
    Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, Peter and Catherine the Great of Russia and King Louis XIV of France.
  14. What has the word Baroque come to represent?
    A richness of color and ornamentation that heightened the energy and the emotion of a work.
  15. What Italian painter was well known for his dramatic use of light and dark which influenced later artists?
  16. The extreme contrast of light and dark coined the term...
  17. Why did several of Caravaggio's patrons reject him?
    Because he used naturalism for example putting the Virgin Mary and the apostles not in classical garb but threadbare clothing and his use of lower class individuals as models.
  18. What was the name of the main female Baroque artist?
    Artemisia Gentileschi.
  19. What is Gentileschi known for?
    Self portraits and paintings of Old Testament women.
  20. Who was the most important Baroque artist?
    Gianlorenzo Bernini
  21. What was Bernini?
    A painter, architect and draftsman.
  22. What was Bernini's most important masterpiece?
    The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa.
  23. Who established a huge workshop in Flanders and produced great works of color and energy?
    Peter Paul Ruebens.
  24. Who was recognized as one of the greatest draftsmen ever?
    Rembrandt van Rijn.
  25. What was Rembrandt's best known work?
    The Night Watch also known as Sortie of Captain Banning Cocq's Company of the Civic Guard.
  26. What was different about Rembrandt's Night Watch?
    He decided to group the members of the company in a way that gave more attention to some than others.