Chapter 2 - Organization of the Human Body

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Author:
medical888
ID:
225510
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Chapter 2 - Organization of the Human Body
Updated:
2013-07-01 00:29:02
Tags:
Cells Tissues Organs Body System
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Description:
Cells, Tissues, Organs and Body System
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  1. What is Homeostasis?
    The normal dynamic process of balance needed to maintain a healthy body.
  2. home/o =
    same
  3. -stasis =
    controlling
  4. What is metabolism?
    Act of converting energy by continually building up substances by anabolism and breaking down substances by catabolism

    Metabolism = Anabolism + Catabolism
  5. Define cytoplasm and its function
    • cyt/o cell
    • -plasm formationĀ 

    Holds the organelles of the cell
  6. Define lysosome and its function
    • lys/o dissolving
    • -some body

    Organelle that serves a digestive function for the ell.
  7. Define ribosome and its function
    • rib/o ribose
    • -some body

    Site of protein formation; contains RNA.
  8. Define mitochondrion and its function
    • mitochondri/o mitochondria
    • -on structure

    Converts nutrients to energy in the presence of oxygen.
  9. Define nucleus and its function
    • nucle/o nucleus
    • -us structure

    Control centre of cell; contains DNA which carries genetic information
  10. What is the supportive tissue called
    stromal

    combining form = strom/o
  11. What is the tissue that does the actual work called?
    parenchymal
  12. What is organs also refer to?
    viscera

    • combining form
    • viscer/o
  13. tissue =
    hist/o
  14. What is epithelial?
    is an internal/external body covering
  15. What is connective tissue?
    has an internal structural network
  16. What is muscular tissue?
    contracts tissue
  17. What is nervous tissue?
    transmits information
  18. Define the meaning of fund/o
    Fundus

    base or deepest part of a hollow organ
  19. Define the meaning of lumin/o
    Lumen

    the space within an artery or tube
  20. Define the meaning of sin/o
    Sinus

    cavity/channel in bone/organ

    synonym is antrum
  21. Define the meaning of apic/o
    apex

    pointed extremity of conical structure
  22. Define the meaning of vestibul/o
    vestibule

    small space at beginning of canal
  23. Define the meaning of fornic/o
    fornix

    archlike structure
  24. Define the meaning of hil/o
    hilum

    entrance/exit/recess for ducts/vessels
  25. Define the meaning of corpor/o

    (som/o, somat/o)
    body

    argest, most important part of organ, body
  26. Name the body system that functions as supports, movement, protection
    musculoskeletal
  27. Name the body system that functions as cover and protection
    integumentary
  28. Name the body system that functions as nutrition
    gastrointestinal
  29. Name the body system that functions as elimination of nitrogenous waste
    urinary
  30. Name the body system that functions as reproduction
    reproductive
  31. Name the body system that functions as transportation of nutrient/waste, protection
    blood/lymphatic/immune
  32. Name the body system that functions as transportation of blook
    cardiovascular
  33. Name the body system that functions as delivers oxygen to cells and removes carbon dioxide
    repiratory
  34. Name the body system that functions as receive/process information
    nervous/behavioral
  35. Name the body system that functions as information gathering
    special senses
  36. Name the body system that functions as effects changes through chemical messengers
    endocrine

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