Chapter 2 - Organization of the Human Body
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What is Homeostasis?
The normal dynamic process of balance needed to maintain a healthy body.
What is metabolism?
Act of converting energy by continually building up substances by anabolism and breaking down substances by catabolism
Metabolism = Anabolism + Catabolism
Define cytoplasm and its function
- cyt/o cell
- -plasm formation
Holds the organelles of the cell
Define lysosome and its function
- lys/o dissolving
- -some body
Organelle that serves a digestive function for the ell.
Define ribosome and its function
Site of protein formation; contains RNA.
Define mitochondrion and its function
- mitochondri/o mitochondria
- -on structure
Converts nutrients to energy in the presence of oxygen.
Define nucleus and its function
- nucle/o nucleus
- -us structure
Control centre of cell; contains DNA which carries genetic information
What is the supportive tissue called
combining form = strom/o
What is the tissue that does the actual work called?
What is organs also refer to?
What is epithelial?
is an internal/external body covering
What is connective tissue?
has an internal structural network
What is muscular tissue?
What is nervous tissue?
Define the meaning of fund/o
base or deepest part of a hollow organ
Define the meaning of lumin/o
the space within an artery or tube
Define the meaning of sin/o
cavity/channel in bone/organ
synonym is antrum
Define the meaning of apic/o
pointed extremity of conical structure
Define the meaning of vestibul/o
small space at beginning of canal
Define the meaning of fornic/o
Define the meaning of hil/o
entrance/exit/recess for ducts/vessels
Define the meaning of corpor/o
argest, most important part of organ, body
Name the body system that functions as supports, movement, protection
Name the body system that functions as cover and protection
Name the body system that functions as nutrition
Name the body system that functions as elimination of nitrogenous waste
Name the body system that functions as reproduction
Name the body system that functions as transportation of nutrient/waste, protection
Name the body system that functions as transportation of blook
Name the body system that functions as delivers oxygen to cells and removes carbon dioxide
Name the body system that functions as receive/process information
Name the body system that functions as information gathering
Name the body system that functions as effects changes through chemical messengers
What would you like to do?
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