Ativan

Card Set Information

Author:
Ritameeker
ID:
225547
Filename:
Ativan
Updated:
2013-07-25 10:57:39
Tags:
Ativan Lorazepam Benzodiazepine Anticonvulsant paramedic drug medication study
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Description:
Ativan Lorazepam Benzo
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  1. Ativan

    Names / Class
    Lorazepam

    Benzodiazepine
  2. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Mechanism of Action
    Anticonvulsant, sedative.  Binds to GABA Type A receptors in brain to potentiate effects of GABA in the brain which is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter of the CNS.  Increased GABA levels cause sedation.
  3. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Onset of Action
    Peak Effect
    Duration
    Half-Life
    • 1 - 5 minutes
    • 15 - 20 minutes
    • 6 - 8 hours
    • 10 - 20 hours
  4. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Indications
    • Major motor seizures
    • Status epilepticus
    • Premediation before cardioversion
    • Acute anxiety states
  5. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Contraindications
    Hx of hypersensitivity to the medication
  6. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Precautions
    • Short duration of effect
    • Dilute with NS or D5W prior to administration
    • Flumazenil s/be available
  7. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Side Effects
    • Drowsiness
    • Hypotension
    • Respiratory depression
    • Apnea
  8. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Adult Dose
    0.5 - 2.0 mg IV

    or

    1.0 - 4.0 mg IM
  9. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Pedi Dose
    0.05 - 0.1 mg/kg (max 4.0 mg)
  10. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Max Dose
    4 mg
  11. Ativan / Lorazepam

    Routes of Administration
    • IV
    • IM
    • Rectal
  12. Ativan / Lorazepam

    How Supplied
    Unknown (vial?)

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