SNursingI- Terms.txt

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
225554
Filename:
SNursingI- Terms.txt
Updated:
2013-07-01 16:13:37
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vti
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vti
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  1. techniques used to maintain an area/object as free from microbes as possible
    sx asepsis
  2. placed side by side
    appositional
  3. precautions taken to prevent contamination of sx wound
    aseptic technique
  4. forcible tearing away of a part or structure, usually caused by trauma
    avulsion
  5. removal of material or growths from the surface of a cavity
    curettage
  6. removal of foreign material of devitalized or contaminated tissue
    debridement
  7. disruption or opening of a sx wound
    dehiscence
  8. seperation or cutting apart
    dissect
  9. removal or an organ in whole
    enucleation
  10. healing by growth of epithelium over an incomplete surface
    granulating in
    epithelialization
  11. turning outward
    eversion
  12. removal or exposure of internal organs
    eviscerate
  13. sx remove
    excise
  14. move internal organ to the outside of the body
    exteriorize
  15. perforation in material
    fenestration
  16. mass of tissue for grafting
    part still adheres to the body
    flap
  17. breaking of a part
    fracture
  18. easily crumbled
    friable
  19. tissue or organ for transplantation or implantation
    graft
  20. from another indv of the same species
    allograft
  21. from the same indv
    autograft
  22. from genetically identical animal- twins or inbred strain
    isograft
  23. overlapping of opposing surfaces to realign organs and provide extra support
    imbrication
  24. material inserted or grafted into the body
    implant
  25. cut into
    incise
  26. during sx
    intra op
  27. turning inward
    inversion
  28. layer of new bone growth coverin a sheath that contains sequestrium (dead tissue) of bone
    involcrum
  29. act of tearing
    laceration
  30. metal rod into medulliary cavity of bone
    pinning
  31. irrigation of tissue w/ fluid (rinsing)
    lavage
  32. to tie or strangulate
    ligate
  33. any substane used to tie or strangulate
    ligature
  34. removal of mass
    lumpectomy
  35. after sz
    post op
  36. before sx
    pre op
  37. remove or excise part of an organ or structure
    resect
  38. break or seperation of part or structure
    rupture
  39. removal of sac like part
    sacculectomy
  40. accumulation of serum beneath sx incision
    seroma
  41. stitch or close an area
    or material used to close a sx or traumatic wound
    suture
  42. pierce through and through
    (suture) pierces through an organ before ligation
    transfix
  43. to transfer tissue from one part to another
    transplant
  44. to cut across
    transect
  45. cover by wrapping
    or material used to cover...
    bandage
  46. abdominal wrap
    circumferential wrap around abdomen
    belly band
  47. rinstrument used to secure or occlude vessels
    clamp
  48. aspiration of a gas or fluid by mechanical means
    suction
  49. apparatus that sterilizes by steam under pressure
    autoclave
  50. instrument with a cupped head to scrape material away from cavity walls
    curette
  51. application of burning substance
    not instrument
    electric current or other agent destroying tissue
    cautery
  52. band of metal that completely (cerclage) or partially (hemicerclage) goes around the circumference of a bone
    cerclage wire
  53. device by which a channel may be established for the exit of fluids from a wound
    drain
  54. cloth arranged over a pts body to provide a sterile field around the area to be examined, tx, or incised
    surgical drape
  55. locking instrument that is used to grasp and ligate vessels and tissue to control bleeding
    hemostatic forceps
  56. small straight knife w/ thin sharp blade, used for sx or dissection
    scalpel
  57. tweezer like non locking instrument used to grasp tissue
    tissue forcep
  58. removal of living tissue for examination
    biopsy
  59. removing entire mass, tissue, organ
    excisional biopsy
  60. cutting into and removing part of a mass, tissue or organ
    incisional biopsy
  61. insertion of needle into a mass or tissue for exam
    needle biopsy
  62. incision perpendicular to long axis of body, caudal to last rib
    flank incision
  63. incision that is parallel to last rib
    paracostal incision
  64. lateral and parallel to midline
    paramedian
  65. along midsagittal plane of abdomen along linea alba, spay incision
    ventral midline incision
  66. chemical agent that kills or prevents the growth of microorganisms on living tissue
    antiseptic
  67. chem agent that kills or prevents growth of microorganisms on inanimate objects
    disinfectant
  68. presence of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins in blood or other tissues
    sepsis
  69. state w/o infx- condition of sterility- no living organisms
    asepsis
  70. destroy all organisms
    sterilize
  71. to inhibit the gowth of microbes
    static
  72. killing microbes
    cidal
  73. any process which interferes w. normal fx of an organism
    dz
  74. microscopic living orgnism
    microbe
  75. process that destroys all microorganisms and their pathogenic products
    sterilization
  76. complete absence of microbes
    have undergone cleansing process
    sterile
  77. may or may no be contaminated
    non-sterile
  78. process of immersing items into disinfectant solution to decrease the level of contamination
    cold sterilization
  79. branch of science that tx dz, injuries and deformities
    sx

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