Card Set Information
area where incision is made
surgical site and sterile drapes surrounding it on the table
sterile sx field
surface covered w. drapes
to be used as a work area to hold instruments and supplies
sterile field & area of scrubbed personnel & air space above all of these
all articles in any procedures have been ____ previously
people who are ___ touch sterile items and people or are ___ touch non-sterile items.
if in doubt, consider it ____
____ people do not reach over a sterile field
non sterile people
tables are sterile only at ___ level
gowns are considered sterile only from the ___ to ____ in front and the ____
the edge f anything that encloses sterile contents is ____ (greater than an inch)
all personnel pass a sterile area by facing ____ it
sterile people pass a non sterile area with their ____ towards it
sterile people pass each other ______
back to back
moisture may cause ____.
if a pack becomes wet it is ____
when bacteria cannot completely be eliminated, they must be kept at an ____ ____
what are the 6 requirements of the storage area for sterilized items?
temp extremes limited
humidity extremes limited
closed cabinets are ____ than open shelving
how long does a single wrapped muslin pack last in a closed cabinet?
how long does a double wrapped muslin pack last in a closed cabinet?
how long does a single wrapped crepe paper pack last in a closed cabinet?
8w. (2 mo.)
how long does a single wrapped muslin pack last on an open shelf?
how long does a double wrapped muslin pack last on an open shelf?
how long does a single wrapped crepe paper pack last on an open shelf?
heat sealed and plastic pouches are good for ___, any longer and it should be re-wrapped
every ___ months we rewrap everything
what are the 7 things that will make a pack contaminated?
tape is broken/lose
date is illegible/missing
opened and not used
what 3 things are required to be on a pack?
date of autoclaving
type of pack
if an emergency exists, the tool can be ____
instruments should be ___ before placed in a cold pack, alcohol, betadine, or boiling water for sterilization
a cold pack sterilization emergency should sit for ___ mins
flash sterilization in ___% alcohol should sit for ___ hours and air dry
flash sterilization in betadine/nolvasan solution should sit for ___ hours
flash sterilization in boiling water should sit for ___ hours
what is the preferred method of flash sterilization?
what are the parameters that are required?
270 ° F for 3 mins @ 32 psi unwrapped
what are the 5 things we need to know how to wrap?
what 2 items need to be wrapped by us w/ drape/cloth?
what 3 things can be put into the plastic wraps?
what side of the mask faces out?
all hair on the ___ and ___ needs to be covered
what 3 things must be worn into the sx prep room?
what are the 5 ideal characteristics of a wrap material?
resistance to damage
steam/gas can penetrate, not microbes
resistance to damage-
shouldnt rip easily
if torn, discard
should conform to shape of pack and stretch just a little
should easily return to flat
cotton can be reused w/ a high initial cost, but they can be reused several 1000 times
cotton textile aka-
instruments should be placed in a ___ ASAP after sx
what are the 7 steps of cleaning instruments and making packs?
soak in sink of warm water and inst. detergent
wash in open postition, use soft bristle brush
rinse/spray w. inst. milk (if soaking, @ least 45 sec)
check for defects
assemble and wrap
what can also be used to clean the inst.?
the US cleaner uses high frequency ___ to reach areas that the brush ___ reach
US cleaners remove all previous ___
all ___, ___, or ___ instruments should get an instrument milk
hinged, box lock, or ratchet
how long should the inst. be in the US cleaner?
what are the 4 things that should be spot cleaned or machine washed alone?
what are 4 corner drapes?
4 drapes positioned around the incision site
what is the other type of corner drape pack?
3 corner drapes
___ ___ ___ are large enough to cover the tray on the stand
mayo stand drapes
how many mayo drapes are in a pack?
what 2 people may come in direct contact with the sterile field?
sterile scrubbed nurse
remove all ___ before going into any sx related area
how long should you scrub for?
what is proper scrubbing a combo of?
proper contact time and scrubbing action
never go back to ___ after drying the arms
closed gloving- hands are ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
not seen outside the gown
open gloving is used when ____ ____
who performs the prep of the sx pt?