Emergency Care in the Streets - Ch19 - HEENT

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Emergency Care in the Streets - Ch19 - HEENT
2013-07-01 20:35:38
Head ears eyes nose throat

Ch 19 Vital Vocab
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  1. The surrounding structures and accessories of an organ; for the eye: the eyelids, lashes, lacrimal structures.
  2. The ridges between the teeth, which are covered with thickened connective tissue and epithelium.
    alveolar ridges
  3. In the context of facial anatomy, small pits or cavities, such as the sockets for the teeth.
  4. A condition in which the pupils are not of equal size.
  5. The anterior area of the globe between the lens and the cornea that is filled with aqueous humor.
    anterior chamber
  6. The clear, watery fluid in the anterior chamber of the globe.
    aqueous humor
  7. The large outside portion of the ear through which sound waves enter the ear.
    auricle; also called the pinna
  8. Bruising over the mastoid bone behind the ear commonly seen following a basilar skull fracture; also called retroauricular ecchymosis.
    Battle sign
  9. A clouding of the lens of the eye that is normally a result of aging.
  10. The visualization of objects directly in front of you.
    central vision
  11. Cerebrospinal fluid drainage from the nose.
    cerebrospinal rhinorrhea
  12. Ear wax.
  13. A small, swollen bump or pustule on the external eye-lid, resulting when the eyelid’s oil glands or ducts become blocked.
  14. The shell- shaped structure within the inner ear that contains the organ of Corti.
  15. A canal within the cochlea that receives vibrations from the ossicles.
    cochlear duct
  16. A thin, transparent membrane that covers the sclera and internal surfaces of the eyelids.
  17. An inflammation of the conjunctivae that usually is caused by bacteria, viruses, allergies, or foreign bodies; should be considered highly contagious; also called pink eye.
  18. The transparent anterior portion of the eye that overlies the iris and pupil.
  19. The part of the tooth that is external to the gum.
  20. Points at the top of a tooth.
  21. A collection of pus that forms in the gums, facial tissue, bones, and/ or neck.
    dental abscess
  22. Toothache.
  23. The principal mass of the tooth, which is made up of a material that is much more dense and stronger than bone.
  24. A condition associated with diabetes, in which the small blood vessels of the retina are affected; can eventually lead to blindness.
    diabetic retinopathy
  25. Paralysis of gaze or lack of coordination between the movements of the two eyes.
    dysconjugate gaze
  26. Pain when swallowing.
  27. The small flap of skin at the base of the tongue that covers the trachea and keeps food from entering the windpipe.
  28. Nosebleed.
  29. The area in which sound waves are received from the auricle ( pinna) before they travel to the eardrum.
    external auditory canal; also called the ear canal
  30. One of three anatomic parts of the ear; it contains the pinna, the ear canal, and the external portion of the tympanic membrane.
    external ear
  31. A group of conditions that lead to increased intraocular pressure, causing damage to the optic nerve; a leading cause of blindness.
  32. The eyeball.
  33. Ninth cranial nerve; supplies motor fibers to the pharyngeal muscle, providing taste sensation to the posterior portion of the tongue, and carrying parasympathetic fibers to the parotid gland.
    glossopharyngeal nerve
  34. A red tender lump in the eyelid or at the lid margin.
    hordeolum; commonly known as a stye
  35. Bleeding into the anterior chamber of the eye; results from direct ocular trauma.
  36. Twelfth cranial nerve; provides motor function to the muscles of the tongue and throat.
    hypoglossal nerve
  37. One of three anatomic parts of the ear; it consists of the cochlea and semicircular canals.
    inner ear
  38. The colored portion of the eye.
  39. Inflammation of the iris.
    iritis; also called anterior uveitis
  40. Irritation and swelling in the inner ear that produces a loss of balance and possibly tinnitus, dizziness, loss of hearing, nausea, and vomiting.
  41. The structures in which tears are secreted and drained from the eye.
    lacrimal apparatus
  42. Swelling and inflammation of the larynx that is associated with hoarseness or loss of voice.
  43. A transparent body within the globe that focuses light rays.
  44. A type of cellulitis that occurs on the floor of the mouth under the tongue; caused by bacteria from an infected tooth root ( tooth abscess) or mouth injury.
    Ludwig angina
  45. The process of chewing with the teeth.
  46. An inner ear disorder in which endolymphatic rupture creates increased pressure in the cochlear duct, which then leads to damage to the organ of Corti and the semicircular canal; symptoms include severe vertigo, tinnitus, and sensori-neuronal hearing loss.
    Meniere disease
  47. One of three anatomic parts of the ear; it consists of the inner portion of the tympanic membrane and the ossicles.
    middle ear
  48. The separation between the right and left nostrils.
    nasal septum
  49. The passage through which tears drain from the lacrimal sacs into the nasal cavity.
    nasolacrimal duct
  50. Third cranial nerve; innervates the muscles that cause motion of the eyeballs and upper eyelid.
    oculomotor nerve
  51. Either of the second cranial nerves that enter the eyeball posteriorly, through the optic foramen.
    optic nerve
  52. A condition that presents as white lesions on the tongue and inner cheeks, caused by the fungus Candida albicans.
    oral candidiasis; also called thrush
  53. An infection within the eye socket.
    orbital cellulitis
  54. A structure located in the cochlea that contains hairs that are stimulated by vibrations to form nerve impulses that travel to the brain and are perceived as sound.
    organ of Corti
  55. The three small bones in the inner ear that transmit vibrations to the cochlear duct at the oval window.
  56. An infection of either the outer or middle ear cavity.
  57. An oval opening between the middle ear and the vestibule.
    oval window
  58. An eye condition that results from increased pres-sure on the optic nerve at the rear part of the eye, and whose symptoms include headaches, nausea with possible vomiting, temporary vision loss, or narrowing vision fields.
  59. The sinuses, or hollowed sections of bone in the front of the head, that are lined with mucous membrane and drain into the nasal cavity.
    paranasal sinuses
  60. An infection of the eyelid; also known as preseptal cellulitis or eyelid cellulitis.
    periorbital cellulitis
  61. Visualization of lateral objects while looking forward.
    peripheral vision
  62. A collection of infected material around the tonsils.
    peritonsillar abscess
  63. Inflammation of the pharynx.
  64. The large outside portion of the ear through which sound waves enter the ear.
    pinna; also called the auricle
  65. The posterior area of the globe between the lens and the iris.
    posterior chamber
  66. Specialized connective tissue within the pulp cavity of a tooth.
  67. The circular opening in the center of the eye through which light passes to the lens.
  68. A delicate 10- layered structure of nervous tissue located in the rear of the interior of the globe that receives light and generates nerve signals that are transmitted to the brain through the optic nerve.
  69. Separation of the inner layers of the retina from the underlying choroid, the vascular membrane that nourishes the retina.
    retinal detachment
  70. A nasal disorder generally caused by allergens, which, once inhaled, result in production of chemicals that can cause inflammation.
  71. The white part of the eye.
  72. An infection of the sinuses, characterized by thick nasal discharge, sinus and facial pressure, headache, and fever.
  73. The movement of both eyes in unison.
    sympathetic eye movement
  74. A collection of disorders that present with jaw pain, and which occur when the connection between the temporal bone and the temporomandibular joint erodes or moves out of proper alignment.
    temporomandibular joint disorders
  75. The perception of sound in the inner ear with no external environmental cause; often reported as “ ringing” in the ears, but may be roaring, buzzing, or clicking.
  76. Inflammation of the tonsils.
  77. Bacterial infection of the trachea.
  78. The fifth cranial nerve; its mandibular branch provides motor innervation to the muscles of mastication.
    trigeminal nerve
  79. Three bony shelves that protrude from the lateral walls of the nasal cavity and extend into the nasal passageway, parallel to the nasal floor; serve to increase the surface area of the nasal mucosa, thereby improving the processes of warming, filtering, and humidification of inhaled air.
  80. A thin membrane that separates the middle ear from the inner ear and sets up vibrations in the ossicles.
    tympanic membrane; also called the eardrum
  81. A type of dizziness in which a person experiences the sensation of movement when standing still or of the environment moving around himself or herself; often due to an inner ear disorder.
  82. The area in the brain where signals from the optic nerve are converted into visual images.
    visual cortex
  83. A jellylike substance found in the posterior compartment of the eye between the lens and the retina.
    vitreous humor