L6 Describe the various types of exceptional learners.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Fidgety, Distractible, Can't sit still for longer than a few minutes, Messy handwriting, Clumsy, Immature, and Disorganized.
Speech and Language Disorders - Articulation disorders (Problems in pronouncing sounds correctly), Voice disorders (Speech is harsh, hoarse, too loud, or too low-pitched), Fluency disorders (Stuttering), and Language disorders (Significant challenge in receptive language (understanding language) or expressive language (expressing thoughts, communicating with others))
Mental Retardation (MR) - range from mild to severe, school districts are placing mildly mentally retarded students in regular classrooms. characteristics are A lack of age-appropriate self-help skills, such as dressing, feeding, toileting, Lack of ability to learn Poor adaptive skills, such as having trouble getting along with others, Lack of self-control. Qulification for MR are I.Q. below 70, Difficulty with adaptive skills, and Developmental period. Common Genetic Factors causing Mental Retardation include; Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome.
Emotional and Behavioral Disorders - exhibited by aggression, depressions, fears and inappropriate interaction in relationships. Turned Inward students may show signs of depression, anxiety and fear. Turned Outward students exhibited disruptive, defiant, aggressive behaviors and are removed from the regular classroom.
Sensory Disorders - individual's five senses do not function properly; A person with SPD finds it difficult to process and act upon information received through the senses, which creates challenges in performing countless everyday tasks. Motor clumsiness, behavioral problems, anxiety, depression, school failure, and other impacts may result if the disorder is not treated effectively.
Hearing Impairments - student turns his/her head toward the speaker, asks to have things repeated, and does not follow direction on a regular basis.
Physical Disorders - Two areas commonly found are orthopedic impairments and seizure disorders.
Orthopedic Impairments - movements are restricted and lack of control of movements.A common orthopedic impairment is cerebral palsy (CP) and exibit spasticity (rigid muscles). Range from very severe and confined to a wheel chair with no speech to some students with normal speech and a mild limp.