Development Stages

Card Set Information

Author:
cerfuge
ID:
225595
Filename:
Development Stages
Updated:
2013-07-03 00:02:41
Tags:
Counseling
Folders:

Description:
development
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user cerfuge on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Developmental Ages
    • 0 - 1/2 Early Infancy
    • .5 year to 1.5 Later infancy
    • 1.5 - 3 years - Toddlerhood
    • 3 - 6 years - Preschool
    • 6 years - elementary school
    • Puberty - Adolescence
  2. Freud's psychosexual stage
    • Oral
    • Anal
    • Phallic-oedipal/electra
    • Latent
    • Genital
  3. Erikson's developmental stages
    • Basic trust vs. mistrust
    • Autonomy vs. shame & doubt
    • Initiative vs. guilt
    • Industry vs. inferiority
    • Identify vs. role diffusion
  4. Piaget's cognitive stage
    • Sensori-motor (manipulation of objects, beginning use of symbols, development of object permance & imagery)
    • Pre-operational (animism, magic, egocentricty)
    • Concrete operations (conversation, seriation)
    • Formal operations (abstraction science)
  5. Freud (history)
    • Psychosexual
    • Biological Theory

    • building off Darwin - evolved adaptations based on environment
    • humans are highly evolved animals with the basic drives/instincts of survival and reproduction
    • lived in sexually repressed society (victorian Europe)
  6. Freud 3 personality levels
    • Id - instinctual drives
    • Ego - self
    • Super Ego - governing ideas (morals, values, customs)
  7. Freud cause of problems
    Id seeking expression but being overwritten by super ego and crushing ego
  8. Freud's Oral Stage
    • 0- 1.5
    • born with sucking reflex
    • completely dependent on other persons
    • needy
  9. Freuds Anal stage
    • 18-36 months
    • Self control
    • autonomy
    • toilet training
    • terrible twos - expressing independence
  10. Freud's Phallic Stage
    • 3 - 6 years
    • oedipal/ electra complex
    • errect penis
    • sexual identification
    • identify sex as the opposite of the parent's sex
  11. Freud Latent Stage
    • 6 - puberty
    • latent
    • dormant
  12. Freud's genital stage
    • 9-15
    • puberty to adolecense
    • hormones start raging
    • constantly eroused
    • identity
    • resolving issues of opposit sex
    • Puberty - the age of sexual maturation
  13. Ericks's stages are also known as..
    crisis, tasks, life span development
  14. Erickson 1st. stage trust vs. mistrust
    reliant upon caregiver
  15. ER 2. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
    • 1.5 - 3 years
    • self-rule/control
    • toilet training
  16. ER. 3 Initiative vs. Guilt
    • kids begin social interaction
    • initiative to go connect socially because they trust people
    • or they are plagued with shame
  17. ER 4. Industry vs. Inferiority
    • 6 - puberty
    • in school, getting involved
    • or believe that you can't be as good as others
  18. ER. 5 Identity vs. Role Confusion
    • Puberty
    • forming an identity
    • or left in quandry
  19. ER 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation
    • early adulthood 18-35
    • establishing intimacy with partner
    • very little to do with sex
    • knowing heart/opening up
    • letting people in
  20. ER. 7 Generative vs. Stagnation
    • Middle Age
    • 35-55
    • being productive
    • or being stagnant
  21. ER. 8 Ego Integrity vs. Despair
    • senior citizen
    • satisfied with life
    • or bemoam your fate
  22. Piaget Overview
    • cognitive
    • about learning
    • learning as adpation
  23. Piaget - how we learn?
    • 2 prime ways we learn
    • 1. assimilation - fit in with schema (cognitive framework about how the world works. fitting new info into already exisiting schemas
    • 2. Accomodation - adaption or change from normal way of acting, changes schema to fit new model
  24. Piaget - generalize vs. discriminate
    • generalize - taking specific incident and believing thats the rule about everything
    • discrimination - info that forces one to accomodate and make change to schema
  25. Piaget 1st stage - sensorimotor
    • manipulation of objects
    • working hands/feet
    • using symbols
    • object permance and object constancy
    • object constancy - objects stay the same over time - helps with trust
    • 0-1.5 - operates senses and emotions
  26. Piagets 2nd stage - Preoperational
    • 1.5- 5 years
    • before you can operate successfully in the world
    • ego-centrism (pre-schooler) - think world evolves around them
    • imagination
    • anamism (anthropromorphism) - project human characteristics on to animals and inanimate objects
    • magical thinking
  27. Piaget 3rd stage - concrete operations
    • literal sense
    • conservation - things may change form but mass is neither gained or loss
    • seriation - order to things, serial order
    • conversation and seriation are what math and science principles are based on
    • Concrete operations - deductive reasoning based on concrete things, you can attribute cause and effect
  28. Piaget 4th Stage - Formal Operation
    • Post puberty
    • abstract thinking
    • understanding abstract concepts ex. being loved
    • inductive reasoning - seeing outcome and being able to lay out cause
  29. 4 groupings of theories and therapies
    • 1. psychoanalytic psychodynamic
    • 2. affective
    • 3. behavioral
    • 4. cognitive/cognitive behavioral
  30. psychoanalytic psychodynamic People
    • Freud (freudian) psychoanalytic
    • Jung - psychodynamic jungian
    • Adler - alderan individual psychology
  31. Affective People
    • Based on feelings/emotions
    • Rogers - client centered
    • Pearls - Gestalt
    • Existentialism - Victory Frankl, Brutal Bethlehem, Rolo May
  32. Behavioral People
    • Pavlov - classical conditioning
    • Skimer - Operant Conditioning
    • Wolpe - systematic desensitization
  33. Cognitive Behavior People
    • Cognitive school - Erin Beck, Karen Burns
    • Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) - Albert Ellis
    • Reality Therapy - William Glasses
    • Transactional Analysis (TA) Eric Burn

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview