Shoulder Primary Mover Muscles

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Author:
elby317
ID:
22560
Filename:
Shoulder Primary Mover Muscles
Updated:
2010-06-10 21:06:51
Tags:
anatomy muscles joints movement
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Description:
The primary muscle movers of the shoulder joint, shoulder girdle, and scapula and their movements
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  1. Movements of the shoulder joint
    • Abduction
    • Adduction
    • Horizontal extension
    • Hyperextention
    • Flexion
    • Horizontal Flexion
    • Lateral rotation
    • Medial rotation
  2. Exercises examples of abduction of Shoulder Joint and Muscles used including location on body
    • Lateral raises;
    • Deltoid - outer shoulder;
    • Supraspinatus - just medial to deltoid
  3. Exercises examples of adduction of Shoulder Joint and Muscles used including location on body
    • Lat pull downs; flat bench dumbbell fly
    • Latissumus dorsi - central back muscles (lats)
    • pectoralis major - main chest muscle (pecs)
    • terres major - upper, outer back
    • posterior deltoid - outer shoulder
  4. Exercises examples of extension of Shoulder Joint and Muscles used including location on body
    • Chin-up;
    • Latissumus dorsi - central back muscles (lats)
    • pectoralis major - main chest muscle (pecs)
    • terres major - above lats
    • posterior deltoid - outer shoulder
  5. Exercises examples of horizontal extension of Shoulder Joint and Muscles used including location on body
    • Cable trunk rotations;
    • Deltoid - outer shoulder
    • Infraspinatus - medial to teres major
    • Latissimus Dorsi - central back muscles (lats)
    • Teres major - above lats
    • teres minor - just medial to teres major
  6. Hyperextension of Shoulder Joint and Muscles used including location on body
    • Latissimus dorsi - central back muscles (lats)
    • teres major - above lats
  7. Exercises examples of flexion of Shoulder Joint and Muscles used including location on body
    • dumbell front raise; incline bench press
    • Deltoid - outer shoulder
    • pectoralis major - main chest muscle (pecs)
  8. Exercises examples of horizontal flexion of Shoulder Joint and Muscles used including location on body
    • Cable trunk rotations;
    • Deltoid - outer shouler;
    • Pectoralis major - chest muscle (pec)
  9. Exercises examples of Lateral (external) rotation of Shoulder Joint and Muscles used including location on body
    • Dumbell side-lying
    • Infraspinatus - medial to teres major
    • Teres minor - just above lats
  10. Exercises examples of medial (internal) rotation of Shoulder Joint and Muscles used including location on body
    • Bent Row; dumbbell row
    • Latissimus dorsi - main back muscle (lats)
    • pectoralis major - main chest muscle (pecs)
    • Teres major - just above lats
    • subscapularis - lateral to pecs on outer chest
  11. Shoulder Joint muscle purpose
    Moves the arm
  12. Shoulder girdle joint purpose
    Stabilize the scapula and are important in maintaining posture
  13. Movements of the Shoulder girdle
    • Abduction (protraction)
    • Adduction (retraction)
    • Depression
    • elevation
  14. Exercise examples of abduction of the shoulder girdle joint and muscles used including location on body
    • Push ups;
    • Pectoralis minor (within pec major);
    • serratus anterior (below pecs, lateral side of body, under armpit)
  15. Exercise examples of adduction of the shoulder girdle joint and muscles used including location on body
    • Seated row;
    • Rhomboids (small muscle between shoulder blades)
    • Trapezius (upper back, below neck)
  16. Depression of the shoulder girdle joint and muscles used including location on body
    • Pectoralis minor (within pec major)
    • subclavius (small muscle just below the clavicle)
    • trapezius (upper back, below neck)
  17. Exercise examples of elevation of the shoulder girdle joint and muscles used including location on body
    • shoulder shrug;
    • Levator scapulae (muscles running outside base of neck into traps)
    • rhomboids (small muscle between shoulder blades)
    • trapezius (upper back, below neck)
  18. Movements of the Scapula
    • Upward rotation
    • Downward rotation
  19. Upward rotation of the scapula joint and muscles used including location on body
    • Serratus anterior (below pecs, lateral side of body, under armpit)
    • trapezius (upper back, below neck)
  20. Downward rotation of the scapula joint and muscles used including location on body
    • Pectoralis minor (within pec major)
    • Rhomboids (small muscle between shoulder blades)

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