U.S. Constitutional Amendments

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U.S. Constitutional Amendments
2013-07-03 16:37:00

Description of the 27 ratified amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
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  1. 1st Amendment
    Protects freedom of speech, religion, press, the right to assemble, and the right to petition government.
  2. 2nd Amendment
    Protects the right to bear arms
  3. 3rd Amendment
    Prohibits the forced quartering of soldiers during peacetime.
  4. 4th Amendment
    Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause.
  5. 5th Amendment
    Sets out rules for indictment, protects the right to due process, prohibits self-incrimination and prohibits double jeopardy.
  6. 6th Amendment
    Protects the right to a fair and speedy trial by jury, the right to be notified of accusations, the right to confront the accuser, the right to obtain witnesses and the right to retain counsel.
  7. 7th Amendment
    Protects the right to a trial by jury in civil cases.
  8. 8th Amendment
    Prohibits excessive fines, excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment.
  9. 9th Amendment
    Protects rights not enumerated in the Constitution.
  10. 10th Amendment
    Limits the rights of the federal government to those delegated to it by the Constitution.
  11. 11th Amendment
    Makes states immune to law suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners, and lays the foundation for sovereign immunity
  12. 12th Amendment
    Revises presidential election procedures
  13. 13th Amendment
    Abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude (except as punishment for a crime)
  14. 14th Amendment
    Defines citizenship and deals with post-Civil War issues
  15. 15th Amendment
    Prohibits the denial of suffrage based on race, color or previous condition of servitude.
  16. 16th Amendment
    Allows the federal government to collect income tax
  17. 17th Amendment
    Establishes the direct election of U.S. senators by popular vote
  18. 18th Amendment
    Establishes the prohibition of alcohol (repealed by the 21st amendment)
  19. 19th Amendment
    Establishes women's suffrage
  20. 20th Amendment
    Fixes the dates of the beginning of congressional and presidential terms
  21. 21st Amendment
    Repeals the 18th amendment, re-legalizing alcohol
  22. 22nd Amendment
    Limits the number of times that a person can be elected president to twice
  23. 23rd Amendment
    Provides for the representation of Washington D.C. in the electoral college
  24. 24th Amendment
    Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of poll taxes
  25. 25th Amendment
    Codifies the Tyler Precedent (a person taking over for a deceased president assumes the actual office and not just the duties), and defines the process of presidential succession
  26. 26th Amendment
    Establishes the right to vote for those age 18 and older
  27. 27th Amendment
    Prevents laws affecting Congressional salary from taking effect until the next election