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what are the 2 parts of the nervous system?
what are the 2 parts of the CNS?
what are the 4 "parts" of the brain?
- vestibular system
what are the 4 sections of the spinal cord?
what are the 2 functions of the spinal cord?
what are the 5 main functions that the cerebrum manages?
what are the 2 functions that the brainstem manage?
- mental status
- vitals (HR, RR)
what are the 2 functions that the vestibular system manages?
what are the 2 functions that the cerebellum manages?
if damage occurs on these vertebrae, the effects are to be seen on the front and rear legs
if damage is seen on these vertebrae, the effects are to be seen in the rear legs
if damage is seen on these vertebrae, the effects are to be seen in the rear legs and perineum (soft tissue in genital area)
if damage is seen on these vertebrae, the effects are to be seen on the sciatic nerve and the perineum
how many cranial nerves are there?
which nerve can we visualize?
optic, behind the eye
why do we need to know about the nervous anatomy?
- to ID and prognose dz
- localize lesions
what are the 5 most common CS of nervous disorder?
- behavior change
- mental status
what are the 8 other possible CS of nervous disorder?
- head tilt
- breathing changes
what is nystagmus?
- periodic rhythmic movement
- involuntary, in unison
what are the 3 types of nystagmus?
what are the 2 possible causes for nystagmus?
what are the major parts of the neuro. exam?
- exam by vet/neurologist
- localize lesion/damage
- further testing
what are the 5 possible tests to help dx the disorder?
***which is least helpful?
- CT scan
what are the part of the PE that are neurologic related?
- Mental state
- muscle tone
- proprioception tests
- urinary fx
- cranial nerve tests
what are we looking for with muscle tone?
what are we doing to test proprioception?
- paw knuckling
- wheel barrowing
what cranial nerves does the PLR test?
what cranial nerves does the Menace test?
what cranial nerves does the corneal reflex test?
what cranial nerves does the gag reflex test?
what cranial nerves does the oculo-vestibular reflex test?
3, 4, 6, & 8
diff. sized pupils
what do relexes test?
peripheral nerves and pathways to the spinal cord
what is the most common reflex test?