MedIV- Nervous System (Rabies).txt

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
225683
Filename:
MedIV- Nervous System (Rabies).txt
Updated:
2013-07-02 17:59:10
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vti
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vti
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  1. rabies affects all ___ ___ animals world wide
    warm blooded
  2. what virus causes rabies?
    rhabdovirus
  3. what is the incubation pd.?
    3-8w. up to 6 mo.
  4. what is the primary transm. route?
    bite wounds
  5. what are the other 4 other methods of exposure?
    SNMA
    • saliva
    • nerve tissue
    • mucous membranes
    • aerosolized
  6. what are the 5 common US hosts?
    RBFCS
    • *racoon
    • bat
    • fox
    • coyote
    • skunk
  7. what is the most common terrestrial reservoir host for domestic animals?
    racoons
  8. most common reservoir for human rabies exposure?
    bats
  9. there are cases of rabies in ___ states
    all
  10. CS initially-
    ARHWB
    • ADR
    • restless
    • hypersalivation
    • weakness
    • behavior changes
  11. progressive CS-
    ASLRD
    death occurs w/in ___ days
    • aggression
    • stupor
    • limb paralysis
    • resp. paralysis
    • death
    • 10 days
  12. what is the dx test?
    direct fluorescent antibody test on fresh brain tissue
  13. the head for testing should be kept __ __
    on ice
  14. the head should not be ___
    frozen
  15. how can you prevent it?
    vaccine
  16. why is it preferred that they are vaccinated?
    b.c if exposed, they qualify to be quarentined rather than euthanized and tested
  17. human rabies are more common in 6 other locations
    MECPVI
    • mexico
    • el salvador
    • columbia
    • philippines
    • vietnam
    • india
  18. symptoms of human R. usually present after ___-___ days
    30-50
  19. what are the early CS of human R.?
    CMHFNVDR
    • cold/flu signs
    • muscle pain
    • headache
    • fever
    • nausea
    • v
    • d
    • restlessness
  20. what are the progressive CS of human R.?
    ELMPADC
    • Excitement
    • loss of muscle control/bodily functions
    • muscle tremors
    • paralysis
    • agitation
    • depression
    • confusion
  21. if the virus effects the salivary glands of a human, they are likely to have ___ of the___ and ___
    they are unable to ____ and there is excessive salivation
    • spasms
    • throat
    • voice box
    • unable to drink
  22. coma and death occur within ___-___days of the onset of the CS
    3-20
  23. how is human R. dx?
    CS
    • CSF
    • skin biopsy
  24. if a human is thought to be exposed to a rabies carrier, what is the procedure?
    • receive rabies immunoglobulin,
    • series of 4 PEP shots over 28 d. pd.
  25. once rabies reaches the human CNS, there is no___
    cure
  26. what is the vaccination schedule for a person?
    series of 3 shots, 1/week
  27. what is the quarantine procedure for the biter if vaccinated
    10 d. quar.
  28. what is the procedure for the bitten if vaccinated?
    90 d. q.
  29. what is the procedure for the bitten expired vaccinated animal?
    180d q.
  30. when is euthanasia required?
    • wildlife
    • unvaccinated animals

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