MedIV- Nervous System (Rabies).txt
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rabies affects all ___ ___ animals world wide
what virus causes rabies?
what is the incubation pd.?
3-8w. up to 6 mo.
what is the primary transm. route?
what are the other 4 other methods of exposure?
- nerve tissue
- mucous membranes
what are the 5 common US hosts?
what is the most common terrestrial reservoir host for domestic animals?
most common reservoir for human rabies exposure?
there are cases of rabies in ___ states
- behavior changes
death occurs w/in ___ days
- limb paralysis
- resp. paralysis
- 10 days
what is the dx test?
direct fluorescent antibody test on fresh brain tissue
the head for testing should be kept __ __
the head should not be ___
how can you prevent it?
why is it preferred that they are vaccinated?
b.c if exposed, they qualify to be quarentined rather than euthanized and tested
human rabies are more common in 6 other locations
- el salvador
symptoms of human R. usually present after ___-___ days
what are the early CS of human R.?
- cold/flu signs
- muscle pain
what are the progressive CS of human R.?
- loss of muscle control/bodily functions
- muscle tremors
if the virus effects the salivary glands of a human, they are likely to have ___ of the___ and ___
they are unable to ____ and there is excessive salivation
- voice box
- unable to drink
coma and death occur within ___-___days of the onset of the CS
if a human is thought to be exposed to a rabies carrier, what is the procedure?
- receive rabies immunoglobulin,
- series of 4 PEP shots over 28 d. pd.
once rabies reaches the human CNS, there is no___
what is the vaccination schedule for a person?
series of 3 shots, 1/week
what is the quarantine procedure for the biter if vaccinated
10 d. quar.
what is the procedure for the bitten if vaccinated?
90 d. q.
what is the procedure for the bitten expired vaccinated animal?
when is euthanasia required?
- unvaccinated animals
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