TechV- Amphibians.txt

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
225687
Filename:
TechV- Amphibians.txt
Updated:
2013-07-02 18:01:05
Tags:
vti
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vti
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  1. class:
    amphibia
  2. what are the 3 orders we have to know?
    GCA
    • gymnophiona
    • caudata
    • anura
  3. gymnphiona- resemble ___ and ___
    • snakes
    • worms
  4. caudata-
    SN
    • salamanders
    • newts
  5. anura-
    FT
    • frogs
    • toads
  6. amphibians evolved from ___
    fish
  7. what is an example of a gymnophiona?
    caecilian- blind and no legs
  8. what do caudata have that is different from anura?
    tails!
  9. the juvenile form of an amphibian is a ___ breather
    water
  10. the adult form of an amphibian is an ___ breather
    air
  11. what does amphibios mean?
    both forms of life
  12. there are no true sea water amph., why?
    they would shrivel up in salt water
  13. what 4 things change with metamorphosis?
    GETL
    • gills turn to primative lungs
    • eyelids dev.
    • tail is lost w/ anura
    • legs grow
  14. ___ and ___ represent the majority of captive amphibians
    frogs and toads
  15. frogs are found everywhere except ___ ___ and ___
    • open ocean
    • antarctica
  16. what 4 things make a frog a frog?
    JTTM
    • jumpers
    • thin body
    • teeth
    • moist skin
  17. what is the avg LS of a pet?
    4-15 y
  18. do amph. shed?
    yes
  19. do they eat their shed?
    yes
  20. amph. are rich in __ on their skin to keep it moist
    glands
  21. all frogs secrete ___, these are realllly bad for dogs and cats.
    the most prominent site of secretion is ___
    • toxins
    • the top of the head
  22. what are the glands called at the top of the head that secrete profuse toxins?
    parotid glands
  23. the vivid colors on their skin serve as a ___ sign
    warning
  24. ___ exists to immitate poisonous spp.
    mimicry
  25. what is skin brooding?
    raising eggs in the skin
  26. amph. have a ___ and a ___, they do not shed the ___
    • endoskeleton
    • exoskeleton
    • exo.
  27. the endoskeleton is fused in many places, and the hyoid bone is modified to allow ___ ___ ___ ___
    ejection of the tongue
  28. all adults are ___ even though they possess a fleshy tongue
    carnivores
  29. most amphibians can voluntarily prolapse their ___ to help prevent ___
    • stomach
    • toxicity
  30. their diet as a tadpole/larvae is primarily ___
    herbivore
  31. what 3 things make up a majority of their diet?
    ICAF
    • insects
    • crustaceans
    • annelids
    • frogs
  32. what are the 4 methods of respiration?
    BBCP
    • branchial (gills)
    • buccopharyngeal (air gulping)
    • cutaneous
    • pulmonic (lungs)
  33. which sex is more vocal?
    males
  34. if a female is heard it is typically a __ call
    distress
  35. do amph. have a bladder?
    yes
  36. what types of amph excrete ammonia?
    aquatic spp.
  37. what types of amph. excrete uric acid/urea?
    terrestrial
  38. in a viviparous amph. the ___ may occur inside them
    metamorphosis
  39. fertilization is ___ in only a few spp
    internal
  40. what is the term used for the male clinging onto the female?
    bear hug/amplexus
  41. amph. have a ___ chambered heart
    3
  42. in the 3 ch. heart, ___ and ___ blood mix
    • o2 rich
    • co2 rich
  43. where should you look if you've let your amph. escape?
    basement
  44. what is a good substrate for amph?
    soil, holds moisture
  45. what is important to remember about the water with an aquatic spp?
    it should set for 24 hours, be stale
  46. room temp is __
    ok
  47. what is a common dz of frogs?
    red leg
  48. what bact. causes red leg?
    AP
    • aeromonas hydrophyla
    • pseudomonas
  49. what should be added to the water to tx red leg?
    chloromycetin
  50. what 3 things can cause red leg?
    HTT
    • poor husbandry
    • toxins
    • trauma
  51. what fungus causes a disappearance of some frogs?
    chydrid fung.
  52. what are the 5 CS of chydrid fungus?
    LDDID
    • lethargy
    • dragging legs
    • death
    • inc. shedding
    • pale
  53. what are the 2 GI zoonotic disorders?
    • salmonella
    • listeria
  54. what is the one nervous zoonotic disorder?
    yersinia?
  55. what shouldnt you use on their skin?
    alcohol
  56. what is the best blood draw location?
    ventral abdominal vein

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