TechV- Avians (A&P- Intro, Integumentary-Senses).txt

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
225689
Filename:
TechV- Avians (A&P- Intro, Integumentary-Senses).txt
Updated:
2013-07-02 18:02:21
Tags:
vti
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Description:
vti
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  1. birds are known for their adaptations for ____ and ___ ___
    • flight
    • egg laying
  2. birds are ____ meaning they lay eggs
    oviparous
  3. the ___ is the space at the base of the mandible housing the nostrils
    (shows sexual dimorphism in some species)
    cere
  4. the ___ is another term for the neck
    nape
  5. the ___ is close to the body on the wing
    carpus
  6. the auricular are the feathers that cover the ____ and amplify ____
    • ear opening
    • sound
  7. the crop is the ____ area, it holds stones and food and can be used diagnostically
    throat
  8. feathers are made of ___ just like skin
    keratin
  9. what are the 4 fx of feathers?
    FTCC
    • flight
    • thermoregulation
    • camo
    • communication
  10. what are the 6 types of feathers?
    CSDFBP
    • contour
    • semiplume
    • down
    • filoplume
    • bristle
    • powderdown
  11. contour feathers cover the ___ and include ___ feathers of wings and tail, all birds have them
    • body
    • flight
  12. remiges are ____ feathers that cover the ____
    • contour
    • wings
  13. retrices are ____ feathers that cover the ____
    • contour
    • tail
  14. auriculars are ____ feathers that cover the ____
    ear
  15. rachis-
    main shaft of the feather
  16. barbs-
    attached to rachis
  17. barbules
    attached to barbs
  18. hooklets
    attached to barbules
  19. patagium
    wing web
  20. uropygial gland
    preen gland at base of tail
  21. the uropygial gland is more prominent in _____
    waterfowl
  22. if a bird doesnt have a uropygial gland they have ____ ____ instead
    powder down
  23. keel
    along sternum, provides attachment for pectoral muscles
  24. notarium
    fusion of 1st thoracic vert.
  25. synsacrum
    fusion of the caudal thoracic, lumbar, sacral and caudal vert.
  26. pygostyle
    (aka)
    • distal fusion of caudal very.
    • tail bone
  27. pectoral girdle consists of-
    CCS
    • coracoid
    • clavicle
    • scapula
  28. the wing bones-
    HRUCMPA
    • humerus
    • radius
    • ulna
    • carpals
    • metacarpals
    • phalanges
    • alula
  29. hind limb bones-
    FTTP
    • femur
    • tibiotarsus
    • tarsometatarsus
    • phalanges
  30. pneumatic bones-
    HFV
    • proximal bones
    • humerus¬†
    • femur
    • some vertebrae
  31. what 2 bones can u use IO catheters with?
    UT
    • ulna
    • proximal tibia
  32. if the humerus is short this means their flying distance is ____
    the opposite if it is long, they ____
    • short
    • soar
  33. the ulna has a ____ diameter than the radius
    larger
  34. the ____ assists with flexibility and aerodynamics of flight
    patagium
  35. birds have a ___ chamber heart that is made for rapid ____
    • 4
    • depolarization
  36. birds dont have a _____, this means they only have one cavity called the ____
    • diaphragm
    • coelomic cavity
  37. the heart of most birds is about ____ times bigger than a mammals in proportion to body mass
    1.5-2 x larger
  38. misc fact... blood takes ___ seconds to fully circulate in a chicken
    6
  39. birds do not have ____
    lymphnodes
  40. what is the RPS?
    what does it do?
    • renal portal system
    • shunt blood from the caudal half of the animal to the kidneys before returning to the heart
  41. where should we give IM inj. because of the RPS?
    pectorals (so that nephrotoxic drugs dont go straight to the kidneys)
  42. avian kidneys produce both ___ and ____
    • urine
    • uric acid/urates
  43. ____ and ____ are not useful diagnostic tests in the bird unlike mammals
    • creat.
    • BUN
  44. ____ ____ is the useful test to determine kidney fx, it would be ____ if the kidneys are failing
    • uric acid
    • increased
  45. ____ is the primary nitrogenous waste in birds
    uric acid
  46. birds do not have a ___ or ___
    • bladder
    • urethra
  47. birds have a ____ optic nerve and a small ___ lobe
    • large
    • olfactory
  48. eyes make up ___% of a birds weight
    15%
  49. the iris in a bird is a _____ muscle, this allows them to flash
    voluntary
  50. birds have a well developed ___ eyelid
    (ex: waterfowl underwater use this to protect the eyes)
    3rd
  51. pecten-
    pigmented structure that provides nutrients to the vitreous
  52. most birds do not have a ___ ___ except nocturnal birds of prey like the owl
    tapetum lucidum
  53. birds have exceptional ____ vision, and some may be able to see ____ light
    • color
    • UV
  54. sclerotic ring-
    bones in orbit that support they eye
  55. their hearing is similar to ____
    mammals
  56. these 3 senses may vary
    GTO
    • gustatory
    • tactility
    • olfactory
  57. birds have an intelligence of a ____ year old
    2
  58. an owl has a ____ over its ears, these are _____ so they can hear on 2 different planes at once
    • operculum
    • asymmetrical

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