TechV- Avians (Tech Stuff II).txt

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  1. Does a bird have to be anesthtized for radiology to be performed?
    no it can also be awake
  2. How many mAs and Kvp?
    • 500 mAs
    • 50Kvp
  3. Time/speed setting on radiograph?
  4. What 2 views are used for radiographs?
    • VD
    • lateral
  5. How often should the bird be monitored during radiology?
  6. What may be used to restrain a bird?
    a bird board aka miami vice
  7. What is the inhalent of choice in avians?
  8. What type of intubation is possible?
    air sac
  9. Mask induction = _% and _L/min O2
    2% and 2L/min O2
  10. Should a cuffed tube be used? Why?
    No they have complete rings a cartilage in their trachea
  11. During long procedures what _L/min?
  12. What should be elevated above the crop during anesthesia?
    the head and glottis
  13. What are birds predisposed to during anesthesia? HT,HV,A
    • hypothermia
    • hypoventilation
    • acidosis
  14. What is used to monitor during anesthesia? PO,HS,EL,E,D,B
    • pulse oximeter on leg
    • heat support
    • eye lubricant
    • EKG
    • doppler
    • BP
  15. What are the best indicators of anesthetic depth?
    respiration rate and depth
  16. What is another thigns birds are prone to during anesthesia and surgery?
  17. Fasting is not recommended prior to gas anesthesia, but....
    crop should be empty
  18. Where is the crop?
    right of the throacic inlet
  19. Small birds should never go without food for more than _ hours
  20. What kind of breathers should be used?
  21. Is nail and beak trimming necessary?
    normally not
  22. What should be used for nail and beak trimming?
    dermal tool and quick stop if there is bleeding
  23. Birds have difficulty doing what?
  24. Lateral surfaces of the mandible should be even what?
    lateral surfaces of the maxilla.
  25. The tip of the maxiallary beak is not to be even with what?
    the mandible
  26. Why are crop washes performed?
    to dx crop infx (bacteria, fungi,etc)
  27. Why are choanal cultures performed?
    to dx infx of upper respiratory tract
  28. Why is a cloacal swab done?
    to dx infx of lower GI tract
  29. What vein gives the best yeild, lies on the ventrolateral surface of the neck, and is 2/3 larger that the left version of it?
    right juglular vein
  30. What vein lies on the medial surface of the proximal ula and is used for hydration?
    cutaneous ulnar vein AKA basillic vein
  31. What vein lies on the medial side of the tibiotarsus?
    medial metatarsal vein
  32. What influences the vein chosen for blood draw?
    the size of the bird
  33. What size syringe is used?
  34. What guage needle is used?
  35. What is the amount of blood that can safely be taken from a bird?
    1% of its bodyweight (1ml/100g)
  36. What is the total blood volume of a bird?
    10% of its bodyweight
  37. Where does the jugular lie specifically?
  38. Caging while in the hospital includes:SCD
    • separatefrom other animals
    • cover cage
    • disposable perches
  39. Since sick birds have trouble regulating temperature what should the temperature be set at in the hospital?
    80-90 F
  40. How often should birds be weighed to monitor weight gain in the hospital?
    2-3 times a day
  41. Why should the crop be monitored?
    to check if it is emptying promply
  42. Why are tablets or medications put into food or water not recommended to give orally?
    their absorption varies in the bird
  43. What type of oral med can be given?
    a liquid
  44. Where should a IM injection be given?
  45. Where should a SQ injection be given?
  46. Caudal to the respiratory system what should be avoided?
    nephrotoxic drugs
  47. Where are IO catheters placed?
    ulna or tibiotarsus
  48. Why are IO catheters avoided in proximal bones?
    pneumatic communication with air sacs
  49. What are ball bandages used for?
    to protect the plantar surface of the foot
  50. What type of bandage is used to immobilize the wing distal to and including the radius and ulna? This can also be used for humeral fracteres if it is wrapped around the body.
    figure 8 bandage
  51. Birds may be sensitive to what kind of medication?
  52. Are E-collars normally used on birds?
  53. Euthanasia procedure:
    • mask with isoflurane
    • administer euthanasia solution IV or IO
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TechV- Avians (Tech Stuff II).txt
2013-07-02 22:03:31

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