TechV- Avians (Tech Stuff II).txt
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TechV- Avians (Tech Stuff II).txt
Does a bird have to be anesthtized for radiology to be performed?
no it can also be awake
How many mAs and Kvp?
Time/speed setting on radiograph?
What 2 views are used for radiographs?
How often should the bird be monitored during radiology?
What may be used to restrain a bird?
a bird board aka miami vice
What is the inhalent of choice in avians?
What type of intubation is possible?
Mask induction = _% and _L/min O2
2% and 2L/min O2
Should a cuffed tube be used? Why?
No they have complete rings a cartilage in their trachea
During long procedures what _L/min?
What should be elevated above the crop during anesthesia?
the head and glottis
What are birds predisposed to during anesthesia? HT,HV,A
What is used to monitor during anesthesia? PO,HS,EL,E,D,B
pulse oximeter on leg
What are the best indicators of anesthetic depth?
respiration rate and depth
What is another thigns birds are prone to during anesthesia and surgery?
Fasting is not recommended prior to gas anesthesia, but....
crop should be empty
Where is the crop?
right of the throacic inlet
Small birds should never go without food for more than _ hours
What kind of breathers should be used?
Is nail and beak trimming necessary?
What should be used for nail and beak trimming?
dermal tool and quick stop if there is bleeding
Birds have difficulty doing what?
Lateral surfaces of the mandible should be even what?
lateral surfaces of the maxilla.
The tip of the maxiallary beak is not to be even with what?
Why are crop washes performed?
to dx crop infx (bacteria, fungi,etc)
Why are choanal cultures performed?
to dx infx of upper respiratory tract
Why is a cloacal swab done?
to dx infx of lower GI tract
What vein gives the best yeild, lies on the ventrolateral surface of the neck, and is 2/3 larger that the left version of it?
right juglular vein
What vein lies on the medial surface of the proximal ula and is used for hydration?
cutaneous ulnar vein AKA basillic vein
What vein lies on the medial side of the tibiotarsus?
medial metatarsal vein
What influences the vein chosen for blood draw?
the size of the bird
What size syringe is used?
What guage needle is used?
What is the amount of blood that can safely be taken from a bird?
1% of its bodyweight (1ml/100g)
What is the total blood volume of a bird?
10% of its bodyweight
Where does the jugular lie specifically?
Caging while in the hospital includes:SCD
separatefrom other animals
Since sick birds have trouble regulating temperature what should the temperature be set at in the hospital?
How often should birds be weighed to monitor weight gain in the hospital?
2-3 times a day
Why should the crop be monitored?
to check if it is emptying promply
Why are tablets or medications put into food or water not recommended to give orally?
their absorption varies in the bird
What type of oral med can be given?
Where should a IM injection be given?
Where should a SQ injection be given?
Caudal to the respiratory system what should be avoided?
Where are IO catheters placed?
ulna or tibiotarsus
Why are IO catheters avoided in proximal bones?
pneumatic communication with air sacs
What are ball bandages used for?
to protect the plantar surface of the foot
What type of bandage is used to immobilize the wing distal to and including the radius and ulna? This can also be used for humeral fracteres if it is wrapped around the body.
figure 8 bandage
Birds may be sensitive to what kind of medication?
Are E-collars normally used on birds?
mask with isoflurane
administer euthanasia solution IV or IO