TechV- Avians (Tech Stuff).txt

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
225693
Filename:
TechV- Avians (Tech Stuff).txt
Updated:
2013-07-02 18:03:54
Tags:
vti
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vti
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  1. A bird's blood glucose is _ that of mammals
    twice
  2. What is the bird neutrophil called?
    heterophil
  3. The nucleated RBC's are what shape?
    oval
  4. What is special about the thrombocytes?
    oval and nucleated
  5. How long is the RBC lifespan?
    38 days
  6. What tube is commonly used for blood collection?
    lithium heparin (green)
  7. Since the dietary needs for all species are not well known what are they based off of?
    the chicken
  8. Are seed diets good for nutrition?
    no very poor
  9. Seed diets are low in _ _ and _. High in _.
    • low in vitamins calcium protein
    • high in fat
  10. Long lived birds don't live past _ years on a seed diet.
    15 years
  11. What is a choice in diet?
    pelleted food
  12. 80% of what should be fed is
    pelleted food
  13. 20% of what should be fed is
    dark green and dark yellow
  14. Fruits, nuts, and seeds should be _
    limited
  15. Peanuts can't be given because of _
    aflatoxins
  16. Avocados can;t be given because they are _
    toxic
  17. Chocolate can't be given because it contains _
    theobromine
  18. What 3 birds are exceptions and have a diet consisting of 50% seeds?bcp
    • budgies
    • cockatiels
    • passerines
  19. Rarer finches also require _ or _ in their diet.
    insects or fruit
  20. Lories and lorikeets require _ _ and _.nfp
    • nectar
    • fruit
    • pollen
  21. Some birds in aviaries such as toucans, mynahs, and lories are prone to  what disease?
    iron storage diasease (not enough Fe)
  22. Iron storage disease AKA
    hemochromatosis
  23. What two things can be given for iron storage disease?
    • brlack or green tea
    • mazuri brand pellets
  24. What is the main factor when birds pick food?
    color
  25. What should be used if a bird stops eating while hospitalized.
    gavage
  26. Gavages come in what 2 materials?
    red rubber and stainless steel
  27. When are birds ideally weighed?
    every morning prior to treatment
  28. Fresh clean water should always be provided, but what kind of water should be avoided?
    distilled
  29. When tube feeding food should be cooler than the body temp at _
    98-101 F
  30. What may baby birds develop from hot formula?
    crop burns
  31. When selectiong a tube for crop wash or feeding how big should it be?
    larger in diameter that the glottis
  32. Place the tube on the _ side of the mouth
    left
  33. You should feed the tube until you can _
    palpate the tube through the wall of the crop
  34. Why should you watch the back of the mouth during tube feeding?
    to make sure food or water does not accumulate
  35. If overfull of the crop occurs while tube feeding what should you do?
    set the bird down and allow it to clear it's airway
  36. When finished with tube feeding should you handle the bird more?
    no always should be last procedure done
  37. How should owners bring birds to the clinic?
    in an enclosed cage or carrier with a sample of food and any meds or supplements they are on
  38. How should the bird be observed?
    from afar after 5 -10 minutes to acclimate
  39. What is a tail bob indicative of?
    dypsnea
  40. What should be observed?
    droppings
  41. As always ask open ended questions but on what? d,cm,mh,f,m,s
    • diet
    • cage mates
    • medical history
    • feces
    • medications
    • supplements
  42. How long should appointments be?
    30-45 minutes
  43. DO NOT _
    take bird from owner
  44. Can a towel be used to restrain?
    yes
  45. What should be secured? HWF
    • head
    • wings
    • feet
  46. What can reduce stress?
    speaking softly to the bird
  47. What should be worn with water birds?
    eye protection
  48. Watch out for _ in raptors
    talons
  49. Watch out for _ in roosters
    spurs
  50. According to the VTNE what is the least threatening bird?
    the duck
  51. What is the #1 rule when restraining a bird?
    do not restrict the movement of the sternum
  52. What does flapping of wings indicate?
    bird does not feel secure
  53. A bird board can be used for both _ and _
    small and large birds
  54. During and physical exam you go from _ to _
    head to vent
  55. What can be viewed using the avian speculum?
    oral cavity and choanal slit
  56. The tissue of the mouth should be _ and _
    dry and smooth
  57. What is palpated and observed for movent?
    the crop
  58. What are palpated for body condition?
    the pectorals
  59. Feathers should be _ and _
    bright and irridescent
  60. What should be flexed?
    wings and legs
  61. Feet should be checked for what?
    erosions
  62. What gland is examined?
    the uropygial gland (preening gland)
  63. Where is the stethescope placed to auscult the heart?
    over the lateral body wall
  64. How are the lungs best ausculted?
    craniodorsally
  65. What is used to asses refill time?
    the basilic vein
  66. Basilic vein AKA
    cutaneous ulnar vein
  67. How should weight be taken?
    gram scale

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