TechV- Avians (Vitals-Repro).txt

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
225694
Filename:
TechV- Avians (Vitals-Repro).txt
Updated:
2013-07-02 18:04:26
Tags:
vti
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Description:
vti
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  1. cockatiel wt
    100g
  2. amazon wt
    400g
  3. macaw wt
    1000g
  4. cockatiel HR
    250 BPM
  5. amazon HR
    150bpm
  6. macaw bpm
    125bpm
  7. cockatiel HR restrained
    500-600bpm
  8. amazon HR restrained
    200-350bpm
  9. macaw HR restrained
    150-350bpm
  10. cockatiel RR
    40-52
  11. amazon RR
    25-30
  12. macaw RR
    15-20
  13. cockatiel RR restrained
    60-80
  14. amazon RR restrained
    40-60
  15. macaw RR restrained
    25-40
  16. cere-
    base of the upper beak the surrounds the nares
  17. operculum-
    flap of tissue just inside the nostrils
  18. V shaped opening on the roof of the mouth lined with papillae that communicates with the nasal passageways
    choanal slit
  19. birds have a large trachea with ____ rings, this means we should use an _____ ET tube
    • complete
    • uncuffed
  20. make sure when restraining to not put pressure on the ____, this could stop them from breathing
    sternum
  21. syrinx-
    sound producing structure cranial to bifurcation of trachea
  22. parrots have ____ sets of syrinx, they can create noise on ____
    • 3
    • exhale
  23. birds have air capillaries but no ____, this means the lungs are rigid and do not ____ or ____ much
    • alveoli
    • inflate
    • deflate
  24. birds have ____ air sacs, except passerines which only have ____
    • 9
    • 7
  25. most birds have ____ pairs of cranial air sacs, ___ pairs of caudal air sacs, and one ____ air sac
    • 2
    • 2
    • central
  26. oxygen exchange occurs on ____ and ____
    • inhale
    • exhale
  27. birds do not have ____, but have a ____ that varies among species
    • teeth
    • beak
  28. parrots have a muscular ____
    tongue
  29. the esophagus is divided into 2 sections by the ____ at the right of the esophagus
    ingulvies- crop
  30. the crop should have a peristaltic wave _____ ____
    every minute
  31. proventriculus
    true glandular stomach
  32. ventriculus-
    gizzard
  33. parrots lack a ____ and ____ while some birds have one
    • cecum
    • gall bladder
  34. feces of parrots have only gram ____ organisms
    positive
  35. passerines have _____ fecal bacteria
    few
  36. this bacteria is never normal in feces
    clostridium spp.
  37. cloaca-
    common emptying chamber for GI, Repro, and urinary systems
  38. copradeum-
    receives feces
  39. urodeum-
    receives urine and urates from ureters and repro cells
  40. proctodeum-
    area just before opening- vent
  41. avian mutes-
    ____= white
    ____= dark
    ____= clear
    • urates
    • feces
    • urine
  42. it is rare for birds to urinate and defecate ____
    seperately
  43. males have _____ _____ testes which enlarge during breeding season
    intra abdominal
  44. phallus-
    like a penis for waterfowl, turkeys, ostriches
  45. females only have ____ functioning ovary
    which ovary?
    • one
    • left
  46. birds of prey and the ____ have both functioning ovaries
    kiwi
  47. infundibulum receives the ovum or the ____ from the follicle
    yolk
  48. the magnum adds albumin, or the ____
    white
  49. the isthmus adds _ shell membranes
    2
  50. the uterus or the ____ ____ lays down the calcium shell
    shell gland
  51. the whole process of creating an egg takes ___ hours, but the creation of the calcium shell takes ___ hours of that
    • 24
    • 20
  52. parrots are ___ sexually dimorphic
    not
  53. what species of bird is sexually dimorphic?
    eclectus
  54. what are the 3 methods of sexing birds, in order from most to least common.
    • blood work
    • feather testing
    • surgical sexing through an airsac
  55. copulation can occur one of 2 ways, with a ____ on the male or a cloacal ____
    • fallus
    • kiss
  56. what is the clutch?
    the # of eggs a F lays and incubates
  57. incubation temp-
    95F (35C)
  58. what is the egg tooth?
    a small white spot on the beak that chicks have to break out of the egg
  59. what is the brood patch?
    a patch of feathers on the F that she plucks to make the transfer of heat easier
  60. babies are born ____ or helpless
    allricial (Sp?)

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