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what are the 2 types of habitats to consider when housing a snake?
the length of the enclosure should be no less than ___ the length of the body
what substrate should be avoided for younger snakes, and those that have a habit of eating their substrate?
*what could it cause?
what are the 2 ideal choices for substrate?
___ ___ can provide a warm area, but have a tendency to burn the reptile because of their slow response to extreme temps
what is the ideal heat source?
heat tape under the cage or a heat lamp
do snakes need UV light?
why or why not?
no, they dont need the vit D to absorb calcium like all carnivores.
tropical species require a ___ humidity
what is a humidity gauge?
what is the ideal meal for them that is humane and has good nutritional value?
humanely killed, previously frozen mice
what is the trick to choosing a size prey for the snake?
the diameter of the snake should be consistent with the diameter of the prey
what are the 5 types of food avail. for carnivorous reptiles and even birds of prey?
baby mice, no hair
baby mice, short fuzzy hair
juvenile mice w. adult characteristics
young rats, no longer nursing
what are the 3 disadvantages of feeding live prey?
- snake/prey trauma
- poor nutritional values
ideally feeding should be done in a ___ enclosure
smaller snakes may need fed ___ times a week
older snakes may need fed every __-__ weeks
what is the main indicator of an underweight snake?
spine is visible
if anorexia is noted ___ ___ should be considered
what 2 things can help stimulate appetite?
- warming in warm water bath
if temperature is lower than ___ they will hibernate and not eat
what are the 2 ideal methods of transport?
- snake bags (pillow cases/breathable fabric bag)
what 2 behaviors indicate aggression?
what 3 tools are mentioned that can help restrain a snake?
- t- room temp duh
- p- (more commonly HR) 40-100bpm
- r- 4-30 bpm (closer to 30 if restrained)
it was once believed that reptiles dont feel ___, but they do! this means ___ should be administered
what are the 4 common routes to give meds?
- ICE (intraceolemic)
what are the 4 blood draw/inj sites?
- tail vein
- cardiac (terminal)
- palatine (mouth)
- ventral abdominal (midway down body)
what is convenient about snakes w/ IM inj?
epaxial muscles run all the way down their sides, these are the ones that are used! :D
ICE- used for ___ ___
what is the most common disorder of snakes?
mouth rot aka???
what are the 4 common causes of mouth rot?
**what is most common?
- *trauma (live prey)
what are the 3 types of mouth rot?
*which is most common?
what are the 3 types of bacteria that cause mouth rot?
*which is most common?
what 2 body parts are commonly prolapsed?
what is the one female- specific disease mentioned?
what are the 3 external disorders mentioned?
- fungal dermatoses
- thermal burns
what are the 4 GI related disorders mentioned?
- pseudomonas infx
- renal dz
foreign body obstruction
deformities in the spine, born with it
does pneumonia infx snakes?