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what level of triglycerides causes pancreatitis
cause of pancreatitis when alt>3x ULN
cause for steatorhea in newborn
low reserve of bile acids
which fatty acids dont need bile for absorption
medium chain fatty acids
most common cause of svt in children
rx for neovascularization
rx for exudative or wet macular degenaration
- vegf inhibitors
- laser photocoagulation
pe + petechiae
how does prevalence affect ppv, npv?
high prevalence increases ppv and decrease npv
low prevalence decreases ppv and increases npv
best initial dx for arterial insufficiency?
ankle brachial index
ultrasound with duplex scanning
causes of saag >1.1
- portal hypertnsion from
- hepativ vein thrombosis
- cardiogenic causes
cancer on upper lip?
cancer on lower lip?
most common comorbid disorder of borderline
hypersensitivity pneumonitis rx?
at what potassium level you dialize?>
quantify in terms of severity placenta accreta, increta, pancreta
what is classically descrbied as cord-like lesions
most common cause of migratory thrombophlebitis
rx for vertebral fracture due to osteoporosis
calcium and vitamin d
when do you give a pacemaker for heart blocks
gerd refractory to ppi
- nissel fundoplication
- stricture induction
- suture around the lower sphincter
rx for aspiration in kids?
- kinds---rigid brnochoscopy
- adults--flexible bronchisocpy
rx for specific phobia
how to prevent abdominal compartment syndrome
temporary abdominal closure
blockage of aica
- facial loss of sensation
blockage of pica
- pain and temp loss of face and body
- cerebellar loss
aneurysm of anterior communicating artery causes
blown pupil--cn 3
eye looks toward the lesion
away from the lesion
paralysis of upward gaze
when do you give steroids for meningitis
if over 6 weeks
when do you give antibiotics if a pregnant woman has gbs?
during labor and delivery
any cns lesion/trauma can cause what?
when do you prophylax against meningitis
most common complication of meningitis
management of meningitis
rx based on cell counts, after gram stains and cultures are worked on
you treat meningitis empirically based on what?
infections associated with birds
- chlamydia psitacci
- west nile
when do you give seizure prophylaxis for brain hemorrhages
rx for subarachnoid
- avoid nitrates
- nimodipine to prevent vasospasm
what drugs decrease seizure threshol
characteristics of seizures?
- no loss of consciousness
- impaired consciousness, post ictal confusion
- impaired consciousness, post ictal confusion, incontinence
magnesium stops or prevents more seiures from happening