Pharmacy

Card Set Information

Author:
BrendenBickel
ID:
225989
Filename:
Pharmacy
Updated:
2013-07-05 09:00:03
Tags:
Pharmacy Chapter 18
Folders:

Description:
HM Manual Ch 18
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user BrendenBickel on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is the science dealing with the origin, nature, chemistry, effects, and uses of  medications?
    Pharmacology
  2. What is the branch of pharmacology dealing with biological, biochemical, and economic features of natural medications and their constituents?
    Pharmacognosy
  3. What is the branch of pharmacology dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and the proper use of medications.
    Pharmacy
  4. What is the study of the dosages of medicines and medications?
    Posology
  5. What is the study of the actions or effects of the medications on living organisms?
    Pharmacodynamics
  6. What is the study of the uses of medications in the treatment of disease?
    Pharmacotherapeutics
  7. What is the study of posions, their actions, their detection, and the treatment of the conditions produced by them?
    Toxicology
  8. What is the science of treating any disease by any method that will relieve pain, treat or cure diseases and infections, or prolong life?
    Therapeutics
  9. What provides test for medication identity, quality, strength, and purity?
    USP-NF
  10. The U.S. Federal Food, Medication, and Cosmetics Act designates the what as the official reference for medications marketed in the United States?
    USP-NF
  11. What is the most widely used text/reference in American pharmacies?
    Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy
  12. The amount of medication to be administered is referred to as the what?
    Dose
  13. A theraputic dose is calculated on an average adult male of 24 years who weighs approximately how many lbs?
    150lbs
  14. What is the most common factor that influences the amount of medication given?
    Age
  15. What is the most common method of administering medications?
    Oral
  16. What medications are administered by placing the medication under the tongue?
    Sublingual
  17. What medications are administered by placing the medications between the cheeck and gum?
    Buccal
  18. What medications are introduced by injections?
    Parenteral
  19. What is the medication injected just below the skin's cutaneous layers?
    Subcutaneous
  20. What is the medication injected within the dermis layer of the skin?
    Intradermal
  21. What is the medication introduced directly into the vein?
    Intravenous
  22. What is the process by which a medication is converted into a fine spray by the use of compressed gas?
    Nebulization
  23. To prevent medication errors, there are how many important steps to follow when administering medication to a patient?
    Six
  24. What is any chemical substance that has an effect on living tissue but is not used as a food?
    Medication
  25. Medications are classified according to set criteria and fall into three specific areas: general, chemical, and what else?
    Therapeutic
  26. What are medications that cause shrinkage of the skin and mucous membranes?
    Astringents
  27. What are bland or fatty substances that may be applied to the skin to make it more pliable and soft?
    Emollients
  28. What are agents the inhibit or suppress the act of coughing
    Antitussives
  29. What reduce congestion and the swelling of  muscous membranes?
    Nasal Decongestants
  30. What substance released by most cells distribute in connective tissues usually near blood vessels, promotes some of the reactions associated with inflammation and allergies, such as asthma and hay fever?
    Histamine
  31. What are used to counteract hyperacidity in the stomach?
    Antacids
  32. Oral medications normally should not be taken within how many hours of taking an antacid?
    2
  33. What suppress the growth of microorganisms?
    Antiseptics
  34. What are agents used to disinfect inanimate objects and are primarily germicidal in their action?
    Disinfectants
  35. What is the standard by which all other antiseptic, disinfectant, and germicidal agents are measured in effectiveness?
    Phenol
  36. What were the first effective chemotherapeutic agents to be available in safe therapeutic dosage ranges?
    Sulfonamides
  37. What is one of the most effective and least toxic of the antimicrobial agents?
    Penicillin
  38. What are a group of semi-synthetic derivatives of cephalosporin C, an antimicrobial agent of fungal origin?
    Cephalosporins
  39. Tetracyclines introduced in what year, were the first truly broad-spectrum antibiotics?
    1948
  40. What are a group of medications that share chemical, antimicrobial, pharmacologic, and toxic characteristics, and that are effective agaisnt most gram-positive and gram-negative organisms?
    Aminoglycosides
  41. Antibiotics constituting a large number of basteriostatic agents that inhibit protient synthesis are known as what?
    Macrolides
  42. What are medications that facilitate the passage and elimination of feces from the colon and rectum?
    Laxatives
  43. What are agents that increase the rate of urine formation?
    Diuretics
  44. What are medications that relieve pain without producing unconsciousness or impairing mental capacities?
    Non-narcotic analgesics
  45. What relieve or reduce fevers?
    Antipyretics
  46. What are used mainly as a sedative-hypnotics, anticonvulsants, anathetics for a short anesthesia, and may be used in combiniation with analgesics to enhance their analgesic effect?
    Barbiturates
  47. Tranquilizers and mood modifiers are the two primary groups of what agents?
    Psychotherapeutic
  48. What produce constriciton of the blood vessels with consequent rise in blood pressure?
    Vasoconstrictors
  49. What in high doses is believed to prevent the common cold, and treat asthma, atherosclerosis, wounds, schizophrenia, and cancer?
    Vitamin C
  50. What are medications that produce a rhythmic contraction of the uterus?
    Oxytocics
  51. In what year did the World Health Organization (WHO) declare the global eradication of naturally occurring smallpox?
    1980
  52. What is called the arithmetic of pharmacy, is the study and science of weights and measures?
    Metrology
  53. What is the offical system of weights and measures used by the Navy Pharmacy Departments for weighing and calculating pharmaceutical preparations?
    Metric system
  54. What is the relationship of one quantity to another quantity of like value?
    Ratio
  55. What is the expression of equality of two ratios?
    Proportion
  56. What are aromatic, sweetened hydroalcoholic solutions containing medicinal substances?
    Elixirs
  57. What are coarse dispersions comprised of finely divided insoluble material suspended in a liquid medium?
    Suspensions
  58. What are semisolid, fatty, or oily preparations of medicinal subtances?
    Oitments
  59. What are solid bodies intended to introduce medicinal substances into the various orifices of the body?
    Suppositories
  60. What are gelatin shells containing solid or liquid medicinal substances to be taken orally?
    Capsules
  61. What is used for mixing and measuring various medicinal ingredients?
    Enrlenmeyer flask
  62. What are conical or cylindrical clear glass containers graduated in specified quantities and used to measure liquids volumetrically?
    Graduates
  63. What incompatibilities occur when agents antagonistic to one another are prescribed together? 
    Therapeutic
  64. What incompatibilities are often called pharmaceutical incompatibilities and are evidence by the failure of medications to combine properly?
    Physical
  65. What is any condition which makes a particular treatment of procedure inadvisable?
    Contraindiction
  66. What is the most important tool used by pharmacy?
    Prescription
  67. Currently, there are two standardized forms used for prescriptions: the DoD Prescription, DD form 1289 and the Polyprescription, what form?
    NAVMED 6710/6
  68. What is that part of the prescription that lists the name and quantity of the medications to be used?
    Inscription
  69. What is the part of the prescription that gives the directions for the patient?
    Signa
  70. During the process of filling a prescription, the label on the containers used in filling the prescription should be verified at least how many times?
    Three
  71. Currently, prescriptions are required to be kept on file for at least how many years after the date of issue?
    2 years
  72. The Controlled Substance Act of 1970 established how many schedules (categories) related to a medications potential for abuse, medical usefulness, and degree of dependency, if abused?
    Five
  73. Prescriptions for schedule II substances can never be ordered with refills and in most cases must be filled within how many days of the date originally written?
    7
  74. Prescriptions must be filled within 30days of the date written and may be refilled up to five times within how many months for a Schedule III substance?
    6 months
  75. What substances are primarly antitussives or antidiarrheals?
    Schedule  V
  76. At least how often, or more frequently if necessary, the Controlled Substances Inventory Board (CSIB) takes an unannounced inventory of controlled substances?
    Quarterly

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview