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When reading; where the sources of info come from.
firsthand records of events, recordings, or artifacts(not older than 100 yrs. after the source).
nonbiased sources are government sites, organised sites, and educational institution sites.
information based on real, provable events, or situations.
beliefs based on personal judgements rather than on indisputable facts.
opinions or beliefs that affect a persons ability to make fair, unclouded judgements or decisions.
oversimplified opinions, that do not account for individual differences about an entire group of people or things.
text that tells a story, or relates a chain of events.
passage that introduces or explains a subject gives groundwork information that is necessary for understanding later ideas or analyzes information objectively.
writing passes along precise information, usually about a specific topic, and usually in a formal or semiformal style.
writing tries to get the reader to agree with the author.
general subject matter covered by the work.
ex. a book written about problems with depression.
is the works specific message. The reason the text was written.
ex. (depression) to to get rid of it.
an explanation of the main idea, for the reason to convince the reader believe the main idea.
subjects that a written work frequently touches on.
- despair, hope, self-improvement
an idea that follows from the facts or ideas presented in the text.
the conclusion has to be consistent with the ideas in the text whether it is fact or fiction.
express the main point of a paragraph (usually at the beginning of a paragraph) with supporting ideas.
generally appear at (or near) the end of a paragraph. Sums up the the points made earlier in the paragraph.
a next step or logical conclusion that is not actually written in the text, rather it is deduced by the reader based on information in the text.
**reading between the lines and drawing conclusions and making predictions***
position and purpose
Determining an authors intentions. Guessing or knowing the authors position.
purpose for a writer to inform the reader about some fact or event.
persuade the reader to a particular viewpoint
writer serves the purpose to entertain the reader.
Poetry is concerned with evoking a feeling or emotion in the reader
The time and place in which a piece was written will influence the work in some way.
Ex. context and written syle
The way a given text is organized. Makes the text easier to read, and helps to emphasize the author's point.
- problem solving
a set of related information of ideas as a bulleted or numbered list to help the reader understand.
an authors way of presenting a problem illustrated in one paragraph and a solution in another, or together in one paragraph.
an authors way of presenting two different cases with the intent of making the reader consider the differences or similarities between the two.
cause -effect strucure
the authors way of presenting an action first, and then describes the effects that affect(or may affect) from that action.
appears in the middle of a paragraph and tends to describe or characterize a person, thing, or idea.
Sets of directions
maybe be in a sequence or in a paragraph. Easier to visually see a paragraph in a sequence format can make the instructions easier.
Definitions in context
Words that have many possible meaning. To decide what the author intends, use surrounding words, sentences or paragraphs.
celcius in temp. from celcius to farenheit add 32.
a small area that explains the symbols and notations used on the map.
cardinal directions on a map.
information on a map that tells the reader the distance on the map
- are titles that preface a section of text.
- They advertise the subject of the text that is found underneath them, making it easier to skim the text or to search for a particular topic.
mostly found in nonfiction( not real) documents.
appears below the heading within the same category and appears as smaller text.
used mostly in a books table of contents.
include such formatting devices as bold or italicized fonts, indented text, and bulleted or numbered lists.
They can add meaning, change meaning, or add clarity.