lifestyle is the highest influence of health at 51%
which factors can we change to be healthy?
what we eat, how often we eat and how much we will eat
what are functional foods?
food that provide health benefits beyond their nutrient contributions, such as modified foods or fortified foods.
what are some example of functional foods?
1-fortified milk with Vit A and D
2-foods that have been modified to lower fat content
define the word "Diet"
1-a specific eating plan, usually to loose weight
2-everything a person eats
why do we eat?
take hunger away
what does food provide for us?
what are nutrients?
chemical substances obtained from food used to provide energy, support growth and repair body tissue
what influences the choices of food we eat?
1- what's is available to us
2- what's easy
4-family and culture
what are some co-factors that influence what we eat?
define genetic disease?
a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
define genetic predispostion
an inherited genetic pattern that makes a person susceptible to certain disease or disorder
what are the 6 classes of nutrients?
define chronic disease
a disease that progresses slowly and last a long time
define acute disease
a disease that develops quickly, produces sharp symptoms and last a short time
the science of food and the nutrients and substances they contain and their action within the body including ingestion, digestion, absorption, transport, metabolism and excretion
non-nutrient compound found in plant-derived foods that have biological activity in the human body
what are macronutrients?
nutrients which the body needs in large quantities usually in many grams
what are the body's macronutrients?
Carbs, fats and proteins
what are micronutrients?
nutrients needed by the body in small quantities usually measured in milligrams or micrograms
what are some examples of micronutrients?
a substance or molecule that does not contain carbon or pertaining to living things
a substance or molecule that contains carbon-carbon bonds or carbon-hydrogen bonds. It excludes diamonds, a few carbon containing compounds that contain a single carbon or no hydrogen such as Co2, calcium carbonate (CaCo3) magnesium carbonate MgCo3 and sodium cyanide (NaCN)
what are essential nutrients?
nutrients a person must obtain from food because the body cannot produce in sufficient quantities to meet physiological needs
true or false
are essential nutrients and indispensable nutrients synonymous?
what is energy-yielding nutrients?
nutrients that break down to yield energy the body can use
what some examples of energy-yielding nutrients?
what are non-organics nutrients?
what are the four organic nutrients?
the process by which nutrients are broken down to yield energy for body consumption
what is energy density?
a measure of energy food provides relative to the amount of food
how many Kcal does 1 gram of Carbs yield?
how many Kcals does 1 grams of fat yield?
how many Kcals does 1 gram of protein yield?
what are vitamins?
organic, essential nutrients required by the body in small amounts