Social Studies New Nation/Growth & Division
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What is foreign Policy?
"Rules" with other couintries that a country follows
What are precedents
Examples for others to follow
List 2 precedents that Washington set
- So help me God
- Creation of cabinet
- Use military force for domestic issues
- 2 terms
- Farewell Address
What are 3 pieces of advice that Washington gave in his Farewell Address?
- Stay neutral
- Avoid Political parties
- Don't align with other countries (they could turn and they could cause problems with other countries)
What is Manifest Destiny?
The belief the Us should expand Coast to Coast
How did we acquire the Louisiana Territory?
thomas Jefferson bought it. Doubled the size of U.S. paid $15 for it
How did we acquire the Mexican Cession?
We received it after the Mexican War but paid a little bit of money to avoid more anger from Mexico
How did we acquire the Texas Annexation?
Texas seceded from Mexico and then asked to join the US, which we took in 1845
What are 2 bodies of water that the Erie Canal Connects?
Hudson River and Lake Erie (Great Lakes), but the Hudson River lead to the Atlantic Ocean so it was a way to bring things in and out easily
What 2 cities did the Erie Canal connect?
Albany to Buffalo
How did the Erie Canal change New York?
It increased trade and population. Helped bring things East to West
What was the Indian Removal Act
It was a law that removed naitives from the US into reservations
What are reservations?
Poor land in Oklahoma for Native Americans to live in.
What was the Trail of Tears?
The forced removal of the Cherokee from Georgia where people died from starvation and weather. About 2,00 died.
What was the importance of John Adams?
- Alien Sedition Acts
- XYZ Affair
- 2nd President
What were the Alien & Sedition Acts?
- Alien- Had to wait 15 years to become a citizen (s cared he wouldn't get support from immigrants)
- Sedition- You can't criticize the government
What was the XYZ Affair?
3 French people wanted a bribe to stop impressments. US wouldn't pay it. Foreign Policy=No bribes!
What was the importance of Thomas Jefferson?
- 3rd President
- Wrote the Declaration of Independence
- Louisiana Purchase
- Embargo Act of 1807
What was the Louisiana Purchase?
a territory of land that Jefferson bought from France for $15,000,000. It doubled the size of the U.S. and encouraged the belief of Manifest Destiny
What was the importance of Lewis & Clark?
They explored the Louisiana Purchase
What was the importance of Sacajawea?
She helped Lewis and Clark explore the Louisiana Territory
What was the importance of James Madison?
- 4th President
- President during the War of 1812
- Dealt with impressments
What were impressments?
They were capturing of US ships, holding them captive, and making them work for them. Slowed down trade
What was the importance of James Monroe?
- 5th President
- Gained Florida
- Monroe Doctrine
What was the Monroe Doctrine?
said that the US would prevent colonization of other European Countries
What was the importance of Andrew Jackson?
- Spoils Sytem
- Campaigning became hardcore
- 7th President
- Indian Removal Act
- Close the National Bank
- Increased the belief of a democracy
What was the Spoils System?
Giving jobs to people who helped you get elected
What is mudslinging?
Getting dirt on your opponent in a campaign
What does neutrality mean?
To stay neutral or not take sides in a situation.
If you were in the North, would you like the sale of public lands? Why?
- you would lose population, less reps in HoR
- Less control of Congress
- Less factories were used and could put factories bankrupt if they didn't have enough workers or money
If you were in the North, would you like internal improvements? Why?
- Brought in settlers
- Increased trade
- Built cities
If you were in the North, would you like the protective tariff? Why?
- Usually bought within the country
- Used for internal improvements
If you were in the North, would you like slavery? Why?
- Not necessary for economy
- Felt that it wasn't right
If you were in the South, would you like the sale of public lands? Why?
- more farm land, refresh the cotton land
- More settling
If you were in the South, would you like internal improvements? Why?
- Incresed the tariff
- Already owned slow, navigable rivers
- The improvements were made manily in the north and west
If you were in the South, would you like the protective tariff? Why?
- You had been making money from British credit and it made it more expensive to import those goods.
- You didn't manufacture as much and therefore made it hard to live without any imports.
- They were used for internal improvements
If you were in the South, would you like slavery? Why?
- It maintained a good balance of trade
- The basis of your economy
- You would have to do all the work without them
What would you like to do?
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