L3. Review major federal legislation and court cases related to Intellectual Disabilities.
*Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act (1973). This prohibits discrimination against persons with handicaps or mental or physical impairments that limit one or more of a person's major life activities.
*Education Amendments of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (1974). This act requires all states to develop plans for implementing educational opportunities for all students with disabilities.
*Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act (1974). This broadened the term "developmental disabilities" and provided grants to states and university-affiliated programs.
*Education for All Handicapped Children Act (1975). This mandated a free, appropriate education for all students with "handicaps" in the least restrictive environment, nondiscriminatory tests, IEP's, and procedural safeguards. This legislation is now known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
*Handicapped Children's Protection Act (1986). This act allows courts to award reasonable attorney's fees to parents if the parents' complaint is successful.
*Americans with Disabilities Act (1990). This provides civil rights protections to all persons with disabilities and stresses equal opportunity, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency.
Wyatt V. Stickey- residential centers
- NY Assoc of Retarded Children V. Rockefeller
- O'Connor v. Donaldson- : overcrowding, understaffing, and alternatives to institutionalization.
Haldermn v. Penhurst: conditions in residential facilities
Youngberg v. Romeo: due process
- Cleburn Living Center v. City of Cleburne, TX:
Olmstead v. LC: individuals should be placed in community settings over institutions.