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Why are we carbon based organisms?
carbon can form complex bonding relationships with itself
carbon is aliphatic molecules, meaning that they can create complex chains formed by one carbon bonding with another aliphatic molecule
carbon has the ability to form homocyclic and heterocyclic ring structures
What is an aliphatic molecule?
contains carbon atoms linked in single or single and double bonds
Types of homocylic structures
Types of heterocyclic molecules
Biochemical molecules of living systems are organic and include
high energy molecules
Three types of carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are important for?
providing an energy source for metabolism
Maltose is formed from which monosaccharides?
glucose + glucose
Lactose is formed from which monosaccharides?
galactose + glucose
Sucrose is formed from which monosaccharides?
fructose and glucose
Glucose, galactose and fructose have the chemical formula _____
contains an aldehyde and six carbons in size
what is the main molecular difference between ribose and deoxyribose?
Deoxyribose has an H attached to its second carbon where as ribose has an OH attached to its second carbon