Reading 5day 1week

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lalunepetit
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226442
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Reading 5day 1week
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2013-07-11 04:23:50
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  1. criterion
    (판단의) 기준, 척도
  2. Christianity
    기독교
  3. prevalent
    유행하는, 우세한
  4. aristocracy
    귀족사회
  5. portrait painting
    초상화
  6. predominant
    지배적인
  7. native
    원주민
  8. plain
    평원
  9. hay
    건초
  10. significantly
    상당히
  11. poisoning death
    약물중독에 의한 사망
  12. silent film
    무성영화
  13. accompany sth
    ~을 동반하다
  14. composition
    악곡, 연주
  15. It was not until the 6th century that Christianity became prevalent among the aristocracy
    기독교가 귀족 사회에 널리 퍼지기 시작한 것은 6세기가 되어서이다.
  16. It was not until A that B
    A가 되어서야 비로소 B 하게 되다.
  17. prevailed
    우세한, 지배적인
  18. the most
    가장
  19. resistant
    저항적인, 내성이 있는
  20. Child-resistant containers
    어린이 안전 용기
  21. even
    심지어 (강조하기 위함)
  22. Even 'silent films' were not truly silent.
    There was a small orchestra in the theater.
    -> Silent films were accompanied by musical compositions ( O / X )
    O
  23. inconclusive
    불명확한
  24. One of the most exciting jobs of Viking was to look for life on Mars. A metal spoon was used to collect soil. Then the soil was tested for signs for life. But the test results were inconclusive.

    Viking is :
    (a) spacecraft
    (b) soil on Mars
    (c) pirate ship
    A.

    금속 숟가락이 토양을 수집하기 위해서 사용되었다. 그런 후 그 토양은 생명의 징후가 있는지 검사되었다.
  25. viking
    해적, 우주선
  26. wearer
    착용자, 휴대자
  27. blend
    혼합물
  28. amber
    호박
  29. berry
    딸기류의 열매
  30. spice
    향료
  31. luxurious
    풍부한
  32. oriental
    동양적인
  33. floral
    꽃의
  34. fragrance
    향기
  35. infect sth
    ~을 감염시키다
  36. troublesome
    말썽을 부리는
  37. penetration
    침투, 시장 진출
  38. affect sth
    ~에 영향을 미치다
  39. recurrence
    재발
  40. suburban
    교외의
  41. Parliament
    영국의회
  42. authorize sth
    ~을 승인하다
  43. construction
    공사
  44. trench
    도랑, 굴
  45. restore sth
    ~을 복구하다
  46. possess
    own
  47. Many experts classify it as a luxurious, oriental, floral fragrance.
    많은 전문가들은 그것을 풍부하고, 동양적인 꽃의 향기로 분류한다.
  48. penetration rate
    보급률
  49. As such,
    따라서,
  50. a city official
    공무원
  51. urban
    도시의
  52. In 1909 Leo H. Baekeland developed Bakelite. Bakelite is a hard, chemically resistant plastic. The success of Bakelite increased interest and investment in the plastics industry.

    (a) Bakelite was the first plastic in the 20th century. (O / X)
    (b) Before 1909, early plastics were not very successful. (O / X)
    • (a) x
    • (b) o

    Bakelite 이 20세기 최초의 플라스틱이라는 것을 암시하는 언급은 위 글에 없다. 

    플라스틱 산업에 대한 관심과 투자를 증가시켰다는 말은, 이미 플라스틱 시장이 형성되었음을 알 수 있다.
  53. popularity
    인기
  54. border region
    국경 지역
  55. specialty
    특선
  56. digestion
    소화
  57. stomach
  58. small intestine
    소장
  59. elliptical
    타원형의
  60. orbit
    궤도
  61. Mercury
    수성
  62. Pluto
    명왕성
  63. off-centered
    중심을 벗어난(멀어진), 균형을 잃은
  64. tilt
    기울다
  65. deviant
    벗어난, 이상한
  66. across the country
    그 나라 전역에
  67. 맞으면 O, 틀리면 X

    Q) Regional foods in the U.S. are becoming non-regional as people move from one area to another. For instance, New England's famous baked beans are served in Kentucky and Idaho. The popularity of chili has also spread across the country from the Mexican border regions. In addition, Maine lobsters and other east coast seafood specialties are served in the southern and western regions of the country.

    (a) Originally, a region's food was served only in that native region.
    (b) The popularity of American foods has spread to other countries.
    • a. O
    • b. X

    첫 번째 문장에서, 지역 음식은 비지역음식으로 바뀌고 있다는 의미로 보아, 원래는 지역 음식은 해당 지역에서만 제공된 것으로 추측 가능.

    미국 음식이 다른 나라지역으로 퍼져갔다는 내용은 본문에 없음
  68. Insulin, a hormone, helps keep this blood sugar level in the healthy range by guiding some sugar out of the blood and into individual cells.
    인슐린이라는 호르몬은 혈액 속에서 당을 꺼내 개별 세포로 들어가게 유도함으로써 혈당량을 건강한 범주 내에서 유지하도록 돕는다.
  69. Celestial objects
    • = Celestial body
    • 천체
  70. the solar system
    태양계
  71. be close to sth
    • = be similar to sth
    • ~와 비슷하다
  72. 문장 처음에 Of 가 있으면,
    ~ 중에서 라고 해석
  73. the dwarf planet
    외성
  74. meteorite
    운석
  75. microscopic
    미세한
  76. mass
    덩어리
  77. characteristic
    독특한
  78. Unusual
    평범하지 않은
  79. ordinary
    평범한, 일반적인
  80. exaggerate sth
    ~을 과장하다
  81. 바르게 짝지어진 것을 고르시오.

    The size of a meteorite varies from microscopic to a very large mass several feet in diameter. For instance, they can be as small as a peanut or as large as a truck. Unusual weight is one of their more characteristic features. Iron meteorites are generally 3.5 times as heavy as ordinary Earth rocks, while stony meteorites are about 1.5 times as heavy.

    The author mentions ____ in the passage to ____.

    (a) a truck - exaggerate how big meteorites are
    (b) a peanut - illustrate the variations in meteorite size
    (c) ordinary Earth rocks - compare them with tiny meteorites
    정답 : B

    • A - 트럭은 운석의 크기가 다양하다는 것을 설명하기 위해 사용함.
    • C - 지구의 바위는 운석의 무게가 평범하지 않음을 설명해주기 위해 사용함.
  82. concerted
    공동의
  83. suffrage
    참정권
  84. conservative
    보수적인
  85. self-sustaining
    스스로 유지하는
  86. destructive
    파괴적인
  87. gateway
    관문
  88. deposit
    매장물
  89. Secretary
    서기관
  90. discriminatory law
    차별법
  91. inclinations
    성향
  92. hostility
    적대감
  93. humankind
    • 인류
    •  = humanity
  94. nature
    특성
  95. demonstrate sth
    ~을 증명하다
  96. Ninety years earlier, however, Secretary of State Seward had with great difficulty persuaded Congress to buy it from Russia for $7,200,000.
    • Ninety years earlier, however,
    •     Secretary of State Seward
    •     had (with great difficulty) persuaded
    •     Congress to buy it from Russia for $7,200,000.

    그러나 90여 년 전 국무장관인 Seward는 러시아로부터 알래스카를 7,200,000 달러에 구입하기 위해 의회를 설득하는 데 큰 어려움을 겪었다.
  97. Secretary of State
    국무장관
  98. Folly
    어리석음
  99. overlook sth
    ~을 간과하다
  100. colonial
    식민지 시대의
  101. publication(s)
    출판물들
  102. coverage
    보도
  103. By modern standards, colonial newspapers were small publications featuring out-of-date, often toothless coverage of a small range of subjects.
    • (By modern standards),
    •  colonial newspapers were small publications    
    • (featuring 1) out-of-date, 2) often toothless coverage of a small range of subjects.)

    현재의 기준으로 볼 때, 식민시대의 신문은 적은 범주의 주제에 대한 시대에 뒤떨어진, 종종 이빠진 보도를 하는 소규모 출판물이었다.
  104. typical
    전형적인
  105. foreign affairs
    외교
  106. disease
    질병
  107. noexistent
    존재하지 않은
  108. rare
    a. 드문 (= scarce)
  109. inaccuracy
    부정확함
  110. It could take at least a couple of weeks for the news of an event to appear in one of these paper, particularly if it took place abroad, and inaccuracies were common.
    • It could 1) take at least a couple of weeks
    •   (for the news of an event to appear in one of these paper, particularly if it took place abroad,)
    •   2) and inaccuracies were common.

    사건소식이, 특히 외국에서 일어났을 경우, 이러한 신문에 실리는 데는 최소한 몇 주가 소요되었고 부정확함이 빈번하였다.
  111. particularly
    • = expecially
    • 특히
  112. noteworthy
    주목할만한
  113. Perhaps the most noteworthy weakness of early American colonial newspapers, especially those printed in the first decade or two of the seventeenth century, was their reluctance to cover controversial topics.
    • Perhaps the most noteworthy weakness of early American colonial newspapers, (especially those=newspaper (printed in the first decade or two of the seventeenth century,))
    • was their reluctance (to cover controversial topics.)

    • 아마도 초기 미국 식민시대,특히 17세기 초반 10년에서 20년의 기간 동안 인쇄된 신문의 가장 두드러지는 약점은
    • 논쟁의 여지가 있는 주제에 대해 싣기를 꺼려했다는 것이다.
  114. controversial
    논쟁적인
  115. reluctance
    거부
  116. imposed by sth
    ~로부터 부과된
  117. This was due to strict controls imposed by government authorities and a long tradition of British censorship.
    • This was due to 1) strict controls imposed by government authorities and
    •  2) a long tradition of British censorship.
  118. government authorities
    정부 당국
  119. tradition
    전통
  120. censorship
    언론통제
  121. ran afoul of sth
    ~와 충돌했다.
  122. licensing act
    •  면허법 
    • act 는 법령을 뜻함.
  123. amendment
    개정(안),
  124. little
    거의 없는
  125. critical
    비판적인
  126. authority
    권위
  127. infer sth
    ~을 추론하다
  128. declaration
    선언
  129. Only one issue was printed in 1690, as it ran afoul of the Messachusetts licensing act. Without the protection of the First Amendment, newspaper had little chance of survival if they were critical of established authority.

    Q) What can be inferred about the First Amendment?
    a) It was adopted after the declaration of independence.
    b) It was act which promised freedom of the press.
    c) It was supported by the British government.
    d) It was similar to the Messachusetts licensing act.
    정답 B

    •  A : 없는 내용
    •  B : 첫번째 개정안이 없었으면 살아남기 힘들었다는 것으로 보아 그 개정안은 언론의 자유를 어느정도 보호하기 위한 것임을 추론 가능
    •  C : 없는 내용
    •  D : Messachusetts licensing act 와 충돌해서 하나의 issue 만 발행이 가능했다는 것으로 보아 언론의 자유를 좀 더 제압하는 것으로 유추 가능. 따라서 개정안과는 반대되는 의미.
  130. By modern standards, colonial newspapers were small publications featuring out-of-date, often toothless coverage of a small range of subjects.
    It could take at least a couple of weeks for the news of an event to appear in one of these papers, particularly if it took place abroad, and inaccuracies were common.

    Why does the author mention "a couple of weeks" in the passage?

    a) To illustrate the ineffectiveness of news report system in colonial America.
    b) To state the average delay between actual events and their coverage
    c) To contrast the qualities of American newspapers with those of other countries.
    d) To emphasize the negative influence of censorship on the development of the press
    정답 A.

    • A : 첫번째 문단에서 식민시대 신문의 단점을 언급. 기사에 실리는데 몇 주나 걸린다는 것은 비효율성을 언급하기 위함
    • B : 평균의 걸린 시간을 지문에 나와있지도 않았고, 평균 걸린 시간을 알려주기 위해 "몇 주나 걸렸다"는 것을 언급한게 아님
    • C : 다른 나라의 신문들에 정보는 지문에 없었음
    • D : 이 지문의 main point 는 식민시대의 신문은 비효율적이었다는 것이다. 언론통제 때문에 언론이 발달할 수 없었다는 내용은 다음문단에 나오는 것으로 너무 앞서감.
  131. ineffectiveness
    비효율성

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