A&P Lab Final

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Author:
mswanner
ID:
226445
Filename:
A&P Lab Final
Updated:
2013-07-09 12:24:30
Tags:
anatomy physiology
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Description:
Origins and Insertions and Actions and 12 cranial nerves
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  1. Trapezius 
    • Origin - occipital bone & vertebrae
    • Insertion - scapula & clavicle
    • Action - extends & laterally flexes neck; stabilizes scapula
  2. Sternocleidomastoid 
    • Origin - sternum & clavicle 
    • Insertion - mastoid process of the temporal bone
    • Action - rotates & tilts head
  3. Pectoralis Major
    • Origin - clavicle, sternum & ribs 
    • Insertion - humerus 
    • Action - flexes, adducts & rotates arm
  4. Deltoid 
    • Origin - clavicle & scapula
    • Insertion - humerus 
    • Action - abducts, flexes, extends & rotates arm
  5. Latissimus Dorsi 
    • Origin - vertebrae, ribs & ilium 
    • Insertion - humerus 
    • Action - extends, adducts & rotates arm; depresses scapula
  6. Extensor Digiti Minimi 
    • Origin - radius 
    • Insertion - medial phalanx of small finger
    • Action - extends small finger
  7. Biceps Brachii 
    • Origin - scapula 
    • Insertion - radius 
    • Action - flexes forearm; supinates hand
  8. Triceps Brachii 
    • Origin - scapula & humerus 
    • Insertion - ulna 
    • Action - extends forearm; adducts arm
  9. Flexor Digitorum Profundus 
    • Origin - ulna 
    • Insertion - distal phalanges 2-5
    • Action - flexes phalanges
  10. Extensor Carpi Ulnaris 
    • Origin - humerus & ulna
    • Insertion - metacarpals 
    • Action - extends & adducts hand
  11. Pronator Teres 
    • Origin - humerus & ulna
    • Insertion - radius
    • Action - pronates hand
  12. Supinator 
    • Origin - humerus & ulna
    • Insertion - radius
    • Action - supinates hand
  13. Rectus Abdominis 
    • Origin - pubis 
    • Insertion - sternum & ribs 
    • Action - flexes torso; compresses abdominal wall
  14. Psoas Major 
    • Origin - pubis
    • Insertion - femur 
    • Action - flexes hip
  15. Gluteus Maximus 
    • Origin - ilium, sacrum & coccyx
    • Insertion - femur & iliotibial tract
    • Action - extends & rotates thigh
  16. Biceps Femoris 
    • Origin - ischium & femur
    • Insertion - fibula & tibia
    • Action - extends thigh; rotates leg; flexes knee
  17. Rectus Femoris 
    • Origin - ilium
    • Insertion - tibia 
    • Action - extends leg; flexes thigh
  18. Sartorius 
    • Origin - ilium
    • Insertion - tibia 
    • Action - flexes & rotates thigh; flexes leg
  19. Tibialis Anterior 
    • Origin - tibia 
    • Insertion - tarsals & metatarsals 
    • Action - dorsiflexes & inverts foot
  20. Gastrocnemius 
    • Origin - tibia 
    • Insertion - calcaneus
    • Action - flexes leg; plantarflexes foot
  21. Orbicularis Oculi (action)
    closes eyelid
  22. Orbicularis Oris (action)
    closes & protrudes lips
  23. Masseter (action)
    elevates mandible
  24. Infraspinatus (action)
    rotates arm
  25. Brachialis (action)
    flexes forearm
  26. Flexor Pollicis Longus (action)
    flexes thumb
  27. Extensor Digiti Minimi (action)
    extends pinky finger
  28. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris (action)
    flexes & adducts hand
  29. Gracilis (action)
    adducts thigh; flexes leg
  30. Peroneus Longus (action)
    plantar-flexes foot; everts foot
  31. Flexor Hallucis Longus (action)
    flexes hallux; inverts foot
  32. Extensor Digitorum Longus (action)
    extends toes; dorsiflexes foot
  33. Quadratus Plantae (action)
    assists flexor digitorum longus with toe flexion
  34. Flexor Digiti Minimi (action)
    of the foot: flexes small toe
  35. Adductor Longus (action)
    adducts, rotates, flexes & extends thigh
  36. Nerve #1 & Opening 
    • Olfactory 
    • Cribriform Plate
  37. Nerve #2 & Opening
    • Optic 
    • Optic Foramen
  38. Nerve #3 & Opening
    • Oculomotor
    • Superior Orbital Fissure
  39. Nerve #4 & Opening
    • Trochlear 
    • Superior Orbital Fissure
  40. Nerve #5
    Trigeminal
  41. Three Branches of Nerve #5 & Openings 
    • Opthalmic Branch & Superior Orbital Fissure
    • Maxillary Branch & Foramen Rotundum
    • Mandibular Branch & Foramen Ovale
  42. Nerve #6 & Opening
    • Abducens
    • Superior Orbital Fissure
  43. Nerve #7 & Opening
    • Facial
    • Internal Auditory Meatus/Stylomastoid Foramen
  44. Nerve #8
    Vestibulocochlear
  45. Two Branches of Nerve #8 & Openings 
    • Vestibular Branch & Internal Auditory Meatus
    • Cochlear Branch & Internal Auditory Meatus
  46. Nerve #9 & Opening
    • Glossopharyngeal 
    • Jugular Foramen
  47. Nerve #10 & Opening
    • Vagus
    • Jugular Foramen
  48. Nerve #11 & Opening 
    • Spinal Accessory
    • Jugular Foramen
  49. Nerve #12 & Opening
    • Hypoglossal
    • Hypoglossal Canal

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