Q Bank 3
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What is hydralazine hydrochloride (Apresoline) used for?
Fast acting antihypertensive, relaxes smooth muscle
What effect can garlic have concerning diabetics?
Hypoglycemic effect, may potentiate action of diabetic drugs
What is phenytoin (Dilatin) used for?
What dietary changes does a Pt taking phenytoin (Dilantin) need?
- Increase folate intake (Green leafy veggies, legumes, tomatoes, fruits)
- Increase vitamin D intake (milk)
What is the most important parameter to assess on a Pt immediately following mechanical ventilation?
Their BP- they may experience hypotension from decreased cardiac output
What is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim) used for?
Antibiotic used to treat infections such as UTI, middle ear infections, etc...
What is the most common side effect of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)?
Mild to moderate rash
What is the proper placement of a trochanter roll?
From the lateral aspect of the hip to the mid-thigh
What causes cateracts?
The lenses of the eyes gradually lose moisture and their density increases
What kind of precautions are used for Clostridium difficile?
What are the symptoms of acute pancreatitis?
- Acute Mid-abdominal pain
- Acute vomiting
What are the risk factors for acute pancreatitis?
How is an incentive spirometer used?
Inhaling and holding breath for 3-5 sec
Hypoactive bowel tones?
1-2 sounds in 2 minutes
Hyperactive bowel tones?
>30 sounds in 1 minute
Normal bowel tones?
5-30 sounds in 1 minute
How are the extremities placed at rest by a pre-term infant?
What kind of precautions are used for a Pt with croup?
How long does a Pt with meningococcal meningitis require droplet precautions?
24 hours after initiation of effective therapy
What kind of precautions does a Pt with pneumonia caused by S. aureus need?
What kind of precautions are needed by Pts with influenza?
Droplet Precautions for 5 days; longer for immunocompromised clients
What is the therapeutic range for Lithium?
What are the symptoms of heat stroke?
- Temp 105F and up
- Bizarre behavior
Where is the pulmonic area located?
In the second intercostal space just to the left of the sternum
How should a cane be used in a Pt with Rt sided weakness?
Cane in left hand. Move cane forward followed by Rt leg, then Lft
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