Q Bank 3

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Q Bank 3
2013-07-23 18:24:26

Q Bank 3
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  1. What is hydralazine hydrochloride (Apresoline) used for?
    Fast acting antihypertensive, relaxes smooth muscle
  2. What effect can garlic have concerning diabetics?
    Hypoglycemic effect, may potentiate action of diabetic drugs
  3. What is phenytoin (Dilatin) used for?
  4. What dietary changes does a Pt taking phenytoin (Dilantin) need?
    • Increase folate intake (Green leafy veggies, legumes, tomatoes, fruits)
    • Increase vitamin D intake (milk)
  5. What is the most important parameter to assess on a Pt immediately following mechanical ventilation?
    Their BP- they may experience hypotension from decreased cardiac output
  6. What is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim) used for?
    Antibiotic used to treat infections such as UTI, middle ear infections, etc...
  7. What is the most common side effect of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)?
    Mild to moderate rash
  8. What is the proper placement of a trochanter roll?
    From the lateral aspect of the hip to the mid-thigh
  9. What causes cateracts?
    The lenses of the eyes gradually lose moisture and their density increases
  10. What kind of precautions are used for Clostridium difficile?
    Contact Precautions
  11. What are the symptoms of acute pancreatitis?
    • Acute Mid-abdominal pain
    • Acute vomiting
  12. What are the risk factors for acute pancreatitis?
    • Male
    • 40-50
    • Heavy drinking
  13. How is an incentive spirometer used?
    Inhaling and holding breath for 3-5 sec
  14. Hypoactive bowel tones?
    1-2 sounds in 2 minutes
  15. Hyperactive bowel tones?
    >30 sounds in 1 minute
  16. Normal bowel tones?
    5-30 sounds in 1 minute
  17. How are the extremities placed at rest by a pre-term infant?
  18. What kind of precautions are used for a Pt with croup?
    Contact precautions
  19. How long does a Pt with meningococcal meningitis require droplet precautions?
    24 hours after initiation of effective therapy
  20. What kind of precautions does a Pt with pneumonia caused by S. aureus need?
  21. What kind of precautions are needed by Pts with influenza?
    Droplet Precautions for 5 days; longer for immunocompromised clients
  22. What is the therapeutic range for Lithium?
  23. What are the symptoms of heat stroke?
    • Hypotension
    • Tachypnea
    • Tachycardia
    • Temp 105F and up
    • Bizarre behavior
  24. Where is the pulmonic area located?
    In the second intercostal space just to the left of the sternum
  25. How should a cane be used in a Pt with Rt sided weakness?
    Cane in left hand.  Move cane forward followed by Rt leg, then Lft