A&P Midterm

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A&P Midterm
2013-07-09 20:14:31


Dr. Saxon
Show Answers:

  1. What is the structure found between thoracic cavity and abdominal cavity?
  2. What structures are found in the thoracic cavity?
    Lungs, heart, esophagus 
  3. Name of the plane that separates body into anterior and posterior parts?
    Coronal (frontal)
  4. What is homeostasis?
    Balancing of the body
  5. What happens if the body isn't at homeostasis?
    Fluctuation of balances
  6. What cardinal plane separates body into equal left and right halves?
    Mid-saggital (saggital if not equal)
  7. 5 major tissues of the body?
    Nervous, muscle, connective, epithelial, and liquid
  8. Examples of tissues are:
    liquid is blood and lymphatic; epithelial is skin; connective is bone, tendon, and fascia
  9. The term that means a group of cells that have similar structure & function?
  10. What is the smallest living units of structure and function in the body?
  11. The organ system that regulates body function by means of electrochemical impulses?
    Nervous system
  12. The dorsal cavity of the body contains what structures?
    Brain & spinal cord
  13. Terms
    • Arms (upper)
    • Leg (lower)
    • Knee (lower)
    • Foot (lower)
  14. What tissue lines inside of organs?
  15. The chemical formula for Glucose?
  16. Name the fluid found within our cells
    Intracellular fluid
  17. How is glucose stored in the body?
  18. Where is glycogen stored in the body?
    Liver & muscle
  19. Name the genetic code found in cells?
  20. The element that carries oxygen in red blood cells?
  21. Cellular respiration formula:
    Glucose + O2 (raw materials "reactants") -> H2O + Heat + CO2 + ATP (products) 
  22. What cell organelle is going to be the side of protein synthesis?
  23. Site of ATP production?
  24. What is the function of lysosomes?
    Digest pathogens that enter the cell
  25. What is mytosis?
    Cell division
  26. Would muscle cells go through mytosis?
  27. What part of the integumentary system will prevent entry of pathogens?
  28. Melanocytes produce what substance when stimulated by what?
    • Melanin 
    • UV Rays
  29. What substance will help to prevent the drying of your skin and hair?
  30. What makes sebum?
    Sebacious glands
  31. Vaso constriction in the dermis is important when?
    Cold environment
  32. What vitamin is produced in the skin?
    Vitamin D
  33. Vitamin D is made from       ?
  34. What type of cells are going to produce new bone matrix for growth?
  35. Breaking down bone?
  36. Red bone marrow produces what cells?
    Red blood cells, white blood cells, & platelets
  37. What are the soft spots on an infant's skull?
  38. What vitamin is needed for efficient absorption   of calcium?
    Vitamin D
  39. How many pairs of true ribs does one person have?
  40. What are the name of the vertebrae?
    Cervical vertebrae
  41. How many cervical vertebraes?
  42. How many thoracic vertebraes?
  43. How many lumbar vertebraes?
  44. What type of joint is found between ulna & humerus?
    Hinge joint
  45. The two bones found at the ball & socket joint of the shoulder?
    Scapula and humerus
  46. What body system is going to transmit impulses to the muscles?
    Nervous system
  47. What organ system forms a framework that is moved by muscles?
  48. Why do we sweat?
    Remove excess body heat through evaporation
  49. Draw a sarcomere
    • / __________ \
    • \-----       -----/
    • / __________ \
    • \-----       -----/
    • /-z line ____ myosin ------ actin

    the z line is important because it connects the sarcomere
  50. The whole process of the sarcomere contracting and shortening, what is this called?
    Sliding filament mechanism
  51. Structures of nervous system:
    • Brain - CNS
    • Cranial nerves - PNS
    • Spinal cord - CNS
    • Brain stem - CNS
    • Spinal nerves - PNS
  52. What 3 parts make up the neuron?
    Cell body, dendrites, and axon
  53. What order do impulses travel?
    dendrites->cell body->axon
  54. What is the name of the part of the PNS that will insulate the neuron?
    Myolin sheeth
  55. The dorsal root contains what neurons?
    Sensory neurons
  56. What part of the reflex arc is going to detect stimulus in the skin?
  57. What part carries impulse the effector?
    Efferent nerves (motor neurons)
  58. What is nerves that gives nerve supply to the diaphragm?
    Phrenic nerves
  59. What part of the brain that coordinates voluntary movement?
  60. What part of the brain is going to regulate blood pressure and heart rate?
    Medulla oblongata
  61. What lobe of the brain is responsible for vision?
    Occipital lobe
  62. 3 different layers of meninges from outermost to innermost?
    duramater->arachnoid membrane->piameter
  63. What layer of meninges looks like a web like structure?
    Arachnoid membrane
  64. What cranial nerve is used for sense of vision?
    Optic nerve
  65. When is the parasympathetic system activated?
    Rest and digest