Card Set Information
What is the structure found between thoracic cavity and abdominal cavity?
What structures are found in the thoracic cavity?
Lungs, heart, esophagus
Name of the plane that separates body into anterior and posterior parts?
What is homeostasis?
Balancing of the body
What happens if the body isn't at homeostasis?
Fluctuation of balances
What cardinal plane separates body into equal left and right halves?
Mid-saggital (saggital if not equal)
5 major tissues of the body?
Nervous, muscle, connective, epithelial, and liquid
Examples of tissues are:
liquid is blood and lymphatic; epithelial is skin; connective is bone, tendon, and fascia
The term that means a group of cells that have similar structure & function?
What is the smallest living units of structure and function in the body?
The organ system that regulates body function by means of electrochemical impulses?
The dorsal cavity of the body contains what structures?
Brain & spinal cord
What tissue lines inside of organs?
The chemical formula for Glucose?
Name the fluid found within our cells
How is glucose stored in the body?
Where is glycogen stored in the body?
Liver & muscle
Name the genetic code found in cells?
The element that carries oxygen in red blood cells?
Cellular respiration formula:
Glucose + O2 (raw materials "reactants") -> H2O + Heat + CO2 + ATP (products)
What cell organelle is going to be the side of protein synthesis?
Site of ATP production?
What is the function of lysosomes?
Digest pathogens that enter the cell
What is mytosis?
Would muscle cells go through mytosis?
What part of the integumentary system will prevent entry of pathogens?
substance when stimulated by
What substance will help to prevent the drying of your skin and hair?
What makes sebum?
Vaso constriction in the dermis is important when?
What vitamin is produced in the skin?
Vitamin D is made from
What type of cells are going to produce new bone matrix for growth?
Breaking down bone?
Red bone marrow produces what cells?
Red blood cells, white blood cells, & platelets
What are the soft spots on an infant's skull?
What vitamin is needed for efficient absorption of calcium?
How many pairs of true ribs does one person have?
What are the name of the vertebrae?
How many cervical vertebraes?
How many thoracic vertebraes?
How many lumbar vertebraes?
What type of joint is found between ulna & humerus?
The two bones found at the ball & socket joint of the shoulder?
Scapula and humerus
What body system is going to transmit impulses to the muscles?
What organ system forms a framework that is moved by muscles?
Why do we sweat?
Remove excess body heat through evaporation
Draw a sarcomere
/ __________ \
/ __________ \
/-z line ____ myosin ------ actin
the z line is important because it connects the sarcomere
The whole process of the sarcomere contracting and shortening, what is this called?
Sliding filament mechanism
Structures of nervous system:
Brain - CNS
Cranial nerves - PNS
Spinal cord - CNS
Brain stem - CNS
Spinal nerves - PNS
What 3 parts make up the neuron?
Cell body, dendrites, and axon
What order do impulses travel?
What is the name of the part of the PNS that will insulate the neuron?
The dorsal root contains what neurons?
What part of the reflex arc is going to detect stimulus in the skin?
What part carries impulse the effector?
Efferent nerves (motor neurons)
What is nerves that gives nerve supply to the diaphragm?
What part of the brain that coordinates voluntary movement?
What part of the brain is going to regulate blood pressure and heart rate?
What lobe of the brain is responsible for vision?
3 different layers of meninges from outermost to innermost?
What layer of meninges looks like a web like structure?
What cranial nerve is used for sense of vision?
When is the parasympathetic system activated?
Rest and digest