In 1950, O owns Black Acre. He talks to X about selling it to X but does not. In 1950, X sells it anyway to A. A records in 1950. In 1960, O sells to X and X records. In 1970, X sells to B. B records. A owned Black Acre from 1960-1969. Who owns Black Acre from 1970 to now
B, if a BFP, in a race-notice or a notice state. Why? A's 1950 recording is a nullity as one cannot sell land until they own it, thus B's title researcher could not discover X's 1950 pre-ownership transfer to A.