POLSCI 125 - Quiz 4 Congress

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POLSCI 125 - Quiz 4 Congress
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Political Science 125 chapter 10 notecards
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  1. Bicameralism
    A bicameral legislature was established by the (1)__ ______ as a separation of (2)______ and (3)______ ___ _________ feature in the federal government
    • 1. 55 framers
    • 2. powers
    • 3. checks and balances
  2. Bicameralism
    The national legislative power vested in Congress as a bicameral [(1)___-_____] institution was meant to provide a "(2)_____" against the "(3)_____________ __ _________" - (4)_____ _______
    • 1. two-house
    • 2. fence
    • 3. inconvenience of democracy
    • 4. James Madison
  3. Bicameralism
    Bicameralism helped break the (1)_______ between (2)_____ and (3)_____ states [(4)___________ __ _____ __________]
    • 1. deadlock
    • 2. large
    • 3. small
    • 4. Connecticut or Great Compromise
  4. Bicameralism
    Connecticut/ Great Compromise
    No matter the size of the state, it would receive...
    2 U.S. Senators and the number of House of Representatives members was determined by the population of the state.
  5. Bicameralism
    Under bicameral legislature the (1)______ is (2)________ from (3)_______ _________
    • 1. Senate
    • 2. insulated
    • 3. popular pressure
  6. An individual does not have to live in the congressional district for where they are running for the House of Representatives.
    True / False
    True
  7. Who are the two California U.S. Senators?
    • Diane Feinstein
    • Barbara Boxer
  8. incrementalism
    small scale, piecemeal, gradual adjustment in public policy
  9. incrementalism
    both the (1)_____ and (2)______ must pass (3)________ bills in order to become law with the (4)_________'s signature
    • 1. House
    • 2. Senate
    • 3. identical
    • 4. President's
  10. incrementalism
    (1)______ seats tend to lean toward (2)__________ because of the disparate constituency statewide
    • 1. Senate
    • 2. moderation
  11. Political Scientist believe that Gridlock was built into politics on purpose.
    True / False
    True
  12. casework
    Assistance provided by members of Congress to their constituents in solving problems with the federal bureaucracy or addressing other specific concerns.
  13. redistricting
    Redrawing the geographic boundaries of legislative districts. This happens every ten years to ensure that districts remain roughly equal in population.
  14. gerrymandering
    Attempting to use the process of redrawing district boundaries to benefit a political party, protect incumbents, or change the proportion of minority voters in a district.
  15. gridlock
    An inability to enact legislation because of partisan conflict within Congress or between Congress and the president.
  16. What are the four types of representation?
    • descriptive representation
    • substantive representation
    • trustee
    • delegate
  17. descriptive representation
    When a member of Congress shares the characteristics (such as gender, race, religion, or ethnicity) of his or her constituents.
  18. substantive representation
    When a member of Congress represents constituents’ interests and policy concerns.
  19. incumbency advantage
    The relative infrequency with which members of Congress are defeated in their attempts for re-election.
  20. What are the different types of committees?
    • Standing committees
    • Select committees
    • Joint committees
    • Conference committees
    • House Rules Committees
  21. committees
    standing committees
    Committees that are a permanent part of the House or Senate structure, holding more importance and authority than other committees.
  22. select committees
    Committees in the House or Senate created to address a specific issue for one or two terms.
  23. House Rules Committees are always in Congress and are more powerful than some of the other committees. True / False
    False.

    This is true for Standing Committees.
  24. Which committee is created temporarily to negotiate differences between the House and Senate versions of a piece of legislation that has passed through both chambers?

    - Standing Committees
    - Select Committees
    - Joint Committees
    - Conference Committees
    Conference Committees
  25. joint committee
    Committees that contain members of both the House and Senate but have limited authority.
  26. conference committee
    Temporary committees created to negotiate differences between the House and Senate versions of a piece of legislation that has passed through both chambers.
  27. The iron triangle within U.S. politics consists of...
    congressional standing committees, organized interest groups and bureaucracies
  28. trustee
    A member of Congress who represents constituents’ interests while also taking into account national, collective, and moral concerns that sometimes cause the member to vote against the preference of a majority of constituents.
  29. delegate
    A member of Congress who loyally represents constituents’ direct interests.
  30. electoral unit of the House of Representatives
    congressional district
  31. The length of term for a House of Representative
    Two years
  32. The (1)_____ House of Representatives stands for re-election every (2)___ years.
    • 1. entire
    • 2. two
  33. The House of Representatives is the (1)_______ to the people, with the (2)______ power in government.
    • 1. closest
    • 2. least
  34. electoral unit of the Senate
    the state
  35. congressional district
    a territorial division of a state; entitled to elect one member to the United States House of Representatives
  36. An individual running for a seat in the Senate does not have to live in the congressional district for where they are running. True / False
    False.

    This is true for an individual running for a position as a House of Representative.
  37. One-third of Senators are elected...
    every two years
  38. Staggered election
    one-third of the Senate is elected every two years
  39. Why is there a staggered election in the Senate?
    To make it more difficult to change the two houses in Congress in one election.
  40. length of term for a Senator
    six years
  41. Which of the following is not true about the Senate...

    1. members are chosen from local districts
    2. six-year term
    3. more prestige & media attention
    4. power of advice & consent on presidential appointments & treaties
    5. debate extended
    1. members are actually chosen from the entire state
  42. Which of the following is not true for a House of Representative...

    1. members are chosen from local districts
    2. six-year term
    3. originates legislation for raising revenues
    4. local leadership
    5. debate limited
    2. House of Representative only have a two-year term
  43. The number of Senate representatives for a state is dependent on the population of the state. True / False
    False.

    This is true for the House of Representatives.
  44. There is a maximum number of 2 House of Representatives per state. True / False
    False

    This is true for U.S. Senators.
  45. Which state has the most House of Representatives?
    California
  46. revolving door
    The movement of individuals for government positions to jobs with lobbyists/organized interest groups
  47. overriding the veto
    a 2/3 vote in both houses is required to over-ride a veto; more than 96% of all Presidential vetoes have been sustained
  48. filibuster
    the Senate's use of unlimited debate as a blocking tactic
  49. cloture
    a procedure to cut off a filibuster when a super-majority (60) exists

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