POLSCI 125 - Quiz 4 Presidency

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POLSCI 125 - Quiz 4 Presidency
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2013-07-14 13:53:44
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Political Science 125 Presidency Chapter notecards
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  1. executive order
    • a rule of regulation issued by the president that has the effect and formal status of legislation (it is law);
    •  declaration with the force of law that issues instructions to the executive branch without any requirement for congressional action or approval
  2. Formal and Executive powers of the President
    • Chief Executive
    • Chief Legislator
    • Chief Diplomat
    • Commander-in-Chief
    • head of state
  3. formal and executive powers of the president Chief Executive
    the President is the head of the nation's largest bureaucracy

    15 departments, 60 independent agencies, 2.8 million civilian employees
  4. Which of the following is true of the President as the Chief Legislator?

    1. the President has primary responsibility for national policy initiation
    2. 80% of bills considered by Congress originate in the executive branch; annual State of the Union message; chief lobbyist on behalf of the administration's bills; White House staff; signing statements
    3. the President is the head of the nation's largest bureaucracy
    4. 1 and 2
    5. 1 and 3
    4. 1 and 2
  5. Chief Diplomat
    the President has primary responsibility for formulating U.S. foreign policy; make treaties; appoint ambassadors; receive ambassadors; dominate U.S. foreign policy as a by-product of the role of Commander-in-Chief
  6. Commander-in-Chief
    commander of national military and state National Guard units; U.S. military forces have participated in actions 200 times since 1789; Congress only declared war 5 times (War of 1812, U.S. - Mexican War, Spanish-American War, World War I and World War II)
  7. How many times has Congress declared war?
    5 times
  8. What are the 5 wars that Congress has declared?
    • War of 1812
    • U.S. - Mexican War
    • Spanish-American War
    • World War I
    • World War II
  9. head of state
    The chief public representative of a country, such as a president or monarch, who may also be the head of government
  10. veto
    the President's most formidable power in dealing with Congress; a 2/3 vote in both houses is required to over-ride a veto; more than 96% of all presidential vetoes have been sustained
  11. go-public
    A president’s use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on.
  12. signing statement
    A document issued by the president when signing a bill into law explaining his interpretation of the law, which often differs from the interpretation of Congress, in an attempt to influence how the law will be implemented.
  13. Executive Office of the President (EOP)
    The Executive Office of the President (EOP) consists of the immediate staff of the President of the United States, as well as multiple levels of support staff reporting to the President.
  14. The Executive Office of the President is headed by the...
    White House Chief of Staff
  15. cabinet
    The group of 15 executive department heads who implement the president’s agenda in their respective positions.
  16. State-of-the-Union
    The State of the Union is an annual address presented by the President of the United States to the United States Congress. The address not only reports on the condition of the nation but also allows the president to outline his legislative agenda and national priorities to Congress.
  17. Which of the following is NOT considered a perception of the President?

    1. a symbol of national unity
    2. responsible for national policy initiation
    3. is an outlet to express mass emotions towards government
    4. articulates the national purpose
    5. most visible member of the elite
    2. responsible for national policy initiation

    This is the President's executive power as a Chief Legislator.
  18. The President is looked to for leadership and reassurance. True / False
    True
  19. The President is a vicarious means of reassurance and national purpose. True / False
    False

    The President is a vicarious means of taking political action.
  20. Stewardship theory
    the President can undertake any act as long as it is not prohibited by a specific provision of the Constitution or statutory law
  21. Office of Management and Budget
    the executive agency that advises the President on the federal budget
  22. constitutional theory
    President cannot exercise any power unless it is based on a specific constitutional provision or legislative grant

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