Vet Sci Final Review 2

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Anonymous
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22671
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Vet Sci Final Review 2
Updated:
2010-06-08 17:34:23
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vet
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Cont. Review for Vet Sci Final
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  1. WHAT SIZE IVC SHOULD YOU USE FOR EXOTICS & NEONATES?
    25 GA (yellow)
  2. WHAT SIZE IVC SHOULD YOU USE FOR CATS & SMALL - MEDIUM DOGS?
    22 GA (blue)
  3. WHAT SIZE IVC SHOULD YOU USE FOR LARGE DOGS?
    20 GA (pink)
  4. WHAT SIZE IVC SHOULD YOU USE FOR GIANT BREEDS?
    18 GA (green)
  5. WHAT SIZE NEEDLE SHOULD YOU USE FOR EXOTICS ONLY?
    27 GA (yellow/gold)
  6. WHAT SIZE NEEDLE SHOULD YOU USE FOR EXOTICS & NEONATES?
    • 25 GA (red)
    • IM, IV inj.
  7. WHAT NEEDLE SHOULD YOU USE FOR CATS & SMALL- MEDIUM DOGS?
    • 22 GA (blue)
    • blood draw, IM, IV, SQ inj.
  8. WHAT SIZE NEEDLE SHOULD YOU USE FOR MEDIUM- LARGE DOGS?
    • 20 GA (pink)
    • blood draw, IM, IV, SQ inj.
  9. WHAT SIZE NEEDLE SHOULD YOU USE FOR LARGE DOGS?
    • 18 GA (green)
    • IM, IV inj, SQ fluids
  10. TYPES OF IVC'S
    • Over the needle catheter
    • Through the needle catheter
    • Butterfly catheter
  11. ABOUT HOW LONG CAN YOU HAVE AN OVER THE NEEDLE CATHETER PLACED?
    3 days
  12. WHAT VEIN IS THE OVER THE NEEDLE CATHETER USUALLY PLACED IN?
    Cephalic vein
  13. WHAT ARE TWO OTHER NAMES FOR THE THROUGH THE NEEDLE CATHETER?
    • Jugular catheter
    • Venocath
  14. ABOUT HOW LONG CAN THE THROUGH THE NEEDLE CATHETER BE PLACED?
    7-10 days (long term)
  15. WHAT VEIN IS THE THROUGH THE NEEDLE CATHETER USUALLY PLACED IN?
    Jugular vein
  16. WHAT ARE THE WINGS ON THE BUTTERFLY CATHETER FOR?
    For suturing catheter into place
  17. THE BUTTERFLY CATHETER IS ONLY RECOMMENDED FOR ____________________?
    Short term use
  18. WHAT ARE OTHER USES FOR THE RED RUBBER CATHETER?
    • Feeding tube
    • To deliver oxygen
  19. THE FOLEY CATHETER CAN BE USED AS __________________?
    An indwelling urinary catheter
  20. WHAT IS ANOTHER USE FOR A PENROSE DRAIN?
    Tourniquet
  21. WHY ARE URINARY CATHETERS USED?
    • Collect urine samples
    • Relieve pressure in bladder
  22. WHAT ARE URINARY CATHETERS MEASURED IN?
    French units (Fr)
  23. WHAT IS A TROCAR CATHETER USED FOR?
    To pull fluid or air from the chest cavity
  24. MACRODRIP SET
    • No needle in drip chamber
    • Used for animals over 20lbs
  25. MICRODRIP SET
    • Has needle in drip chamber
    • Used for animals under 20lbs
  26. AN ET (ENDOTRACHEAL) TUBE IS USED TO ____________________?
    • Establish a patent airway
    • Restore respiration
    • Deliver oxygen
    • Deliver anesthetic gas
  27. WHAT IS THE CUFF ON THE ET TUBE USED FOR?
    • Prevent aspiration
    • Prevent anesthetic gas from leaking
    • Keep room air out
  28. HOW ARE BANDAGES APPLIED?
    Distal to proximal
  29. WHAT IS THE SCHANZ SOFT PADDED BANDAGE (MODIFIED ROBERT JONES) USED FOR?
    • Lower limb bandage (most common)
    • Light support
    • Reduce swelling (bone/joint sx)
    • Cover wounds that require protection
  30. WHAT IS THE ROBERT JONES BANDAGE USED FOR?
    Temporary support of fx/dislocation distal to elbow or stifle (used pre-op)
  31. WHAT IS A CHEST/ABDOMINAL BANDAGE USED FOR?
    Support of soft tissue to prevent hemorrhage & swelling
  32. WHAT IS A WET TO DRY BANDAGE USED FOR?
    Injury where skin was traumatically removed
  33. WHAT IS A PAW/COMPRESSION BANDAGE USED FOR?
    • Post-op declaw
    • Bleeding lacerations
    • Pressure bandage to control bleeding
  34. WHAT IS THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF TIME A COMPRESSION BANDAGE SHOULD BE LEFT ON?
    48 hours
  35. WHAT IS A HEAD BANDAGE USED FOR?
    • Auricular hematoma
    • Ear sx
  36. WHAT IS A SCHROEDER THOMAS SPLINT USED FOR?
    • Fx of radius/ulna or tibia/fibula in young dogs
    • Stabilizing and immobilizing elbow & stifle
  37. WHAT IS THE EHMER (FIGURE 8) SLING USED FOR?
    • Immobilizing hind limb after dislocation
    • Rotates hip so femur sits in right place
  38. WHAT IS THE VELPAU SLING USED FOR?
    • Prevents weight bearing on limb after:
    • Shoulder injury
    • Scapular fx
    • Luxation
    • Ligament strains
  39. PLAQUE
    • Soft, white, slippery film around the gingival sulcus
    • Composed of bacteria, food, dead cells, & glycoproteins from saliva
  40. WHAT ARE INCISORS USED FOR?
    • Biting
    • Gnawing
    • Hygiene
    • Tearing umbilical cords
  41. WHAT ARE CANINES USED FOR?
    • Seizing
    • Killing
    • Tearing food
  42. WHAT ARE PREMOLARS & MOLARS USED FOR?
    • Grasping
    • Shearing soft tissue
    • Grinding
  43. CANINE DENTAL FORMULA
    2(I3/3, C1/1, P4/4, M2/3) = 42 teeth
  44. CANINE DECIDUOUS DENTAL FORMULA
    2(Di3/3, Dc1/1, Dp3/3) = 28 teeth
  45. FELINE DENTAL FORMULA
    2(I3/3, C1/1, P3/2, M1/1) = 30 teeth
  46. FELINE DECIDUOUS DENTAL FORMULA
    2(Di3/3, Dc1/1, Dp3/2) = 26 teeth
  47. HOW LONG IS THE GESTATION PERIOD FOR DOGS?
    62-63 days
  48. HOW LONG IS THE GESTATION PERIOD FOR CATS?
    62-67 days (up to 72 days)
  49. THREE STAGES OF PARTURITION (LABOR)
    • Stage 1: Nesting stage, uterine contrations but not visible, restlessness, panting, cramps
    • Stage 2: Expulsion of fetus, can see contractions, actually straining, abdominal muscle twitching
    • Stage 3: Fetal membranes pass (placenta), mom pulls membrane off within 5-10 mins
  50. WHAT ARE MEDICAL OPTIONS FOR DYSTOCIA?
    • Oxytocin (stimulates contractions)
    • 10% Ca Gluconate IV (give slowly)
    • Supplement with 5% Dextrose (for energy)
  51. WHAT IS THE SURGICAL TX FOR DYSTOCIA?
    Cesarean section
  52. WHAT SHOULD THE TEMPERATURE OF A WHELPING BOX BE?
    75-85* F
  53. HOW WOULD YOU PROTECT A NEW BORN FROM GETTING SICK?
    Send them home away from the clinic
  54. BODY WEIGHT FOR PUPPIES
    Should gain 5-10% of birth weight per day
  55. BODY WEIGHT FOR KITTENS
    Should gain 10-15 grams per day
  56. FIRST WEEK OF LIFE TEMPERATURE
    97* F
  57. SECOND WEEK OF LIFE TEMERATURE
    97-100* F
  58. WHEN SHOULD YOU START WEANING FROM LIQUIDS TO SOLIDS?
    3 weeks old
  59. WHEN DO EYES OPEN AND VISION DEVELOP IN NEW BORNS?
    • Eyes open: 1-2 weeks
    • Develop vision: 4-5 weeks
  60. WHEN SHOULD VACCINATIONS BE DONE FOR NEW BORNS?
    • 8, 12, & 16 weeks old (some are done again at 20 weeks)
    • Rabies: 4-6 months old
  61. DHLPPC
    • Distemper
    • Hepatitis
    • Leptospirosis
    • Parvo Virus
    • Parainfluenza
    • Corona Virus
  62. FVRCP
    • Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis
    • Calici virus
    • Panleukopenia
  63. FIP
    Feline Infectious Peritonitis
  64. EUTHANASIA
    Act of inducing painless death
  65. BODY DISPOSAL OPTIONS
    • Cemetery burial
    • Communal burial
    • Individual Cremation
    • Communal Cremation
    • Home burial
    • Have clinic dispose of pet
  66. CHOOSING A EUTHANASIA METHOD
    • Species of animal
    • Number of animals
    • Use after euthanasia
    • Operator (can they do it)
    • Presence of client
  67. MOST COMMON CHEMICAL USED FOR EUTHANASIA
    Sodium Pentobarbital
  68. ADMINISTRATION OF EUTHANASIA DRUG
    • Inject into vein as quick as possible
    • Can also be given IC & IP slower
    • May take 30 sec to 1 min
    • Check corneal reflex

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