Rapid review

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Anonymous
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226714
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Rapid review
Updated:
2013-07-11 15:14:38
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  1. Drugs that slow HR
    beta blockers, CCCbs, amiodarone, digoxin
  2. HOCM murmur
    systolic ejection murmur, lateral sternal border, inc with dec preload-valsalva, standing etc
  3. Murmur aortic stenosis
    sys cresc/decresc murmur radiates to neck
  4. Murmur aortic insufficiency
    diastolic decresc low pitched blowing, best heard sitting up
  5. MR murmur
    holosystolic, radiates to axilla, inc with inc afterload-handgrip
  6. MS murmur
    diastolic mid late low pitched, OS
  7. Dressler syndrome
    post mi 2-4 wks ai rxxn with fever, pericarditis, inc esr
  8. indications for repair of aaa
    >5.5 cm, enlarging, sympt, ruptured
  9. Target LDL in patient with DM
    <70
  10. Water bottle shaped heart
    pericardial effusion, look for pulsus paradoxes
  11. figure 3 shaped heart
    coarctation
  12. + and - nikolsky sign
    • + pemphigus vulgaris(worse)
    • -=bullous pemphigoid
  13. KOH spagetti and meatballs
    tinea versicolor
  14. Drug induced hepatitis causes
    tb meds, acetaminophen, tetracycline
  15. treatment hepatic encephalopathy
    dec protein, lactulose, rifaximin
  16. reynolds pentad
    • charcots triad(ruq pain/jaundice/fevers&chills)
    • + shock and mental status changes
    • signs of suppurative ascending cholangitis
  17. Hernia with highest risk of incarceration?
    femoral
  18. MC inherited hemolytic anemia
    hereditary spherocytosis
  19. Pure red cell aplasia/
    diamond blackfan anemia
  20. TTP pentad
    • renal failure, fever, neuro abnormalities, 
    • thrombocytopenia, anemia
    • FAT RN
  21. RX TTP vs ITP
    • TTP: emergent plasmaphoresis, cst, antiplatelet drugs (NO PLT TRANSFUSION)
    • ITP: usu resolves spont, can use ivig or cst
  22. 10 yo, fever weight loss night sweats and ant mediastinal mass
    dx?
    nhl
  23. Tumor lysis syndrome electrolyte changes
    dec ca, inc k inc phos inc uric acid
  24. Heinz bodies
    thal, g6pd def, and post splenectomy
  25. Microcytic anemia with dec iron, dec TIBC and nml or inc ferritin?
    AOCD

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