Card Set Information
What are the most common animals used for bio-medical experiments?
mice and rats
What order is a rabbit associated with?
What % of a rabbit's body weight is the GI tract?
10% to 20%
Who came up with the 3 Rs?
William Russle and Rex Birch
What are the 3 Rs and what do they mean?
: use the least amount of animals as possible
: use other models if possible
: only do experiments that will better man-kind
After how many generations is a strain considered inbred?
20 or more
How many air changes per hour should a facility maintain?
10 to 15
What year was the first animal welfare act passed in Congress?
What agency is OLAW under?
What does OLAW stand for?
Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare
What does NIH stand for?
National Institute of Health
What are the two sources that almost all federal laws on the care and use of animals within the bio-medical industry originate?
Animal Welfare Act - USDA
Health Research Extension Act - Secretary of Health and Human Services
What is the name of the guide which establishes standards for animal care and use?
The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals
What regulates animal activities in an institute/facility?
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC)
What must an IACUC include?
at least one outside member
When and where was the first anti-cruelty law passed?
1828 in New York
Who founded the ASPCA?
When was the ASPCA founded?
When was the animal transportation act passed?
What did Henry Bergh draft in 1867?
an act for the more effectual prevention of cruelty to animals
When was the Humane Slaughter Act passed? When was it amended?
1958 and amended in 1970's
When was the Laboratory Animal Welfare act amended?
When was the Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals Act started and what act is it a part of?
1985 and Food Security Act.
When was the Farm Animal and Research Facilities protection act introduced?
When was the Animal Enterprise Protection act passed?
What is animal rights?
all animals should have the same rights as any human and should not be exploited in anyway.
What is animal welfare?
All animals should be treated humanely
Who's slogan is "a rat is a pig is a dog is a boy"?