POLSCI 125 - Quiz 4 CH Bureaucracy

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POLSCI 125 - Quiz 4 CH Bureaucracy
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2013-07-14 14:53:01
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Political Science Bureaucracy chapter notecards
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  1. Capture theory / regulatory capture
    regulatory agencies created to act in the public interest instead advances the commercial or special interests that dominate the industry or sector it is  charged with regulating and become more closely identified with their regulated industries
  2. The iron triangle within U.S. politics consists of...
    congressional standing committees, organized interest groups and bureaucracies
  3. Iron triangles are a three-way alliance to make...
    public policy that benefits their respective interests.
  4. Iron Triangle
    funding and political support

    1. Interest Groups to Congress
    2. Congress to Bureaucracy
    3. Interest Groups to Bureaucracy
    2. Congress to Bureaucracy
  5. Iron Triangle
    friendly legislation and oversight

    1. Interest Groups to Congress
    2. Bureaucracy to Congress
    3. Congress to Interest Groups
    3. Congress to Interest Groups
  6. Iron Triangle
    low regulation, special favors

    1. Bureaucracy to Interest Groups
    2. Congress to Interest Groups
    3. Interest Groups to Bureaucracy
    1. Bureaucracy to Interest Groups
  7. Iron Triangle
    congressional support via lobbying

    1. Congress to Bureaucracy
    2. Bureaucracy to Interest Groups
    3. Interest Groups to Bureaucracy
    3. Interest Groups to Bureaucracy
  8. Iron Triangle
    electoral support

    1. Bureaucracy to Congress
    2. Interest Groups to Congress
    3. Interest Groups to Bureaucracy
    2. Interest Groups to Congress
  9. Iron Triangle
    policy choices and execution

    1. Bureaucracy to Congress
    2. Bureaucracy to Interest Groups
    3. Congress to Bureaucracy
    1. Bureaucracy to Congress
  10. cabinet
    The group of 15 executive department heads who implement the president’s agenda in their respective positions.
  11. oversight
    Congressional efforts to make sure that laws are implemented correctly by the bureaucracy after they have been passed.
  12. Which of the following is not an example of congressional control of bureaucracy?

    1. oversight conducted through investigations, hearings, and review by the General Accountability Office to ensure that laws are implemented correctly
    2. Hiring employees under Schedule C rules without the protection of civil service
    3. Congressional control of the bureaucracy includes the establishment and termination of agencies and departments; also the budget process
    4. The ultimate control is in the hands of Congress because Congress controls the purse strings; Senate confirmation of heads of bureaucracy
    2. This is true for the Presidential Control of Bureaucracy
  13. Congressional Control of Bureaucracy
    The House of Representatives confirms the heads of bureaucracies. True / False
    False

    Senate does this.
  14. Congressional Control of Bureaucracy
    Congressional control of the bureaucracy includes the establishment and termination of agencies and departments. To either give them more money or cut their budget and or staff. True / False
    True
  15. Presidential Control of Bureaucracy
    Power of appointment
    is confirmed by the Senate
  16. Presidential Control of Bureaucracy
    Power of re-organization and budgeting
    The President has the power to take agencies and combine them
  17. Presidential Control of Bureaucracy
    Mobilizing Public Opinion
    The President's unlimited ability to access the media to promote support for policies

    For example, President Obama traveled throughout the country to promote healthcare reform.
  18. Presidential Control of Bureaucracy
    Hiring employees under (1)________ _ rules without the protection of (2)_____ _______ - arbitrary dismissal
    • 1. Schedule C
    • 2. civil service
  19. The (1)__________ Presidents are most known for hiring employees under the (2)________ _ _____.
    • 1. Republican
    • 2. Schedule C rules
  20. The movement of individuals from government positions to jobs with lobbyists/organized interest groups is described as...
    the revolving door
  21. types of bureaucracies
    • 15 Cabinet departments
    • Government corporations
    • Foundations
    • Independent regulatory agency/commission
  22. types of buraucracies
    15 Cabinet departments
    • agriculture
    • defense
    • energy
    • education
    • labor
    • commerce
  23. types of bureaucracies
    Government corporations which operate as a...
    business enterprise
  24. types of bureaucracies
    Government corporations [Business enterprises]
    FDIC, USPS, Amtrak, Corporation for Public Broadcasting
  25. types of bureaucracies
    Government corporations that are profit-seeking corporation that serves a...
    public purpose
  26. types of bureaucracies
    Government corporations [profit-seeking Corp. that serves public purpose]
    Federal National Mortgage Association [Fannie Mae] & Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation [Freddie Mac]
  27. types of bureaucracies
    Foundations...such as...
    National Science Foundation
  28. types of bureaucracies...
    Foundations are supported financially by...
    Congress.
  29. types of bureaucracies
    Independent regulatory agency/commission...
    There are 150 with single...
    functions which are not part of the cabinet
  30. power of bureaucracy [3]
    implementation, regulation, adjudication
  31. power of bureaucracy
    implementation
    the development of procedures and activities to carry out laws passed by Congress
  32. power of bureaucracy
    regulation
    • the development of formal rules for implementation of legislation;
    • restriction of behaviors/legislative rules that are legally binding as laws passed by Congress
  33. power of bureaucracy
    Adjudication
    • adjudicate: to render a judicial decision;
    • decision-making about individual cases regarding compliance with laws and regulations;
    • penalties and corrective actions
  34. bureaucracy is an organization that is a (1)_____, (2)_______, (3)___________ structured administrative organization that carries (4)_______ __________.
    • 1. large
    • 2. complex
    • 3. hierarchically
    • 4. specific functions
  35. bureaucracy mobilizes (1)______ and (2)_______ resources for explicitly defined (3)________/________
    • 1. human
    • 2. material
    • 3. projects/purposes
  36. bureaucracy is staffed by (1)_____ ________ with specified (2)_____ and designated (3)___________
    • 1. career personnel
    • 2. skills
    • 3. responsibilities
  37. bureaucracy is coordinated by a (1)________ of (2)_______
    • 1. hierarchy
    • 2. command
  38. political appointees
    People selected by an elected leader, such as the President, to hold a government position.
  39. characteristics of a bureaucracy [6]
    hierarchy, specialization, span of control, neutrality, goal orientation, standardization
  40. Which sociologist described bureaucracy as 'a form of social organization with a chain or command, a division of labor, and specification of authority for positions and units by rules and regulation, impersonal in executing tasks, adaptation of structure, authority and rules to the organization's goals and predictability of behavior based on maintenance of records and assurances of rules'?
    Max Weber
  41. Max Weber definition of bureaucracy...
    What characteristic of bureaucracy is...
    'a chain of command'?
    hierarchy
  42. Max Weber definition of bureaucracy...
    What characteristic of bureaucracy is ...'a division of labor'?

    1. heirarchy
    2. span of control
    3. specialization
    4. standardization
    3. specialization
  43. Max Weber definition of bureaucracy...
    What characteristic of bureaucracy is...'specification of authority for positions and units by rules and regulations'?

    1. specialization
    2. span of control
    3. goal orientation
    4. neutrality
    2. span of control
  44. Max Weber definition of bureaucracy...
    What characteristic of bureaucracy is...'impersonal in executing tasks'?
    neutrality
  45. Max Weber definition of bureaucracy...
    What characteristic of bureaucracy is...'adaptation of structure, authority and rules to the organization's goals'?

    1. goal orientation
    2. standardization
    3. hierarchy
    4. specialization
    1. goal orientation
  46. Max Weber definition of bureaucracy...
    What characteristic of bureaucracy is...'predictability of behavior based on maintenance of records and assurances of rules'?
    standardization

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