Human Growth & Dev Unit 1
Card Set Information
Human Growth & Dev Unit 1
Statistics indicate the U.S. is low for industrial nations in treatment of children.
Children's cognitive skills are not understood when they are only developmentally analyzed & interpreted.
Children actively construct their world
Rewards & punishments (operant conditioning).
Consequences of behavior shape development.
Social cognitive theorist; behavior, environment & cognition are key in development.
Ethology (behavior is influenced by biology/evolution).
Ecological theory (5 systems).
US, chronological age is irrelevant.
Learning good strategies to process information
Ethnic minority doesn't get enough attn.
Parke & Buriel
Minnesota twin study
Evolution influences how we make decisions, assess our fears and aggression
Benefits of evolution decrease with age.
Biology is a broad range of cultural possibilities.
DNA helps determine characteristics.
Passive genotype environmental correlation more common in infants & young children.
Kids in same environment often have different personalities.
Parents don't matter with child behavior.
Nurse Family Partnership - home visits from 2nd or 3rd trimester through 2 yoa.
Developed prepared child birth.
Neonatal Behavior assessment scale
Role of touch & massage in development.
Researcher on infant brain development.
Motor development comes in fixed order through maturation.
Developed clinical measure to assess potential abnormalities in infants.
Infants assemble motor skills for perceiving & acting (dynamic systems theory).
Children are accident prone at early stages of locomotion b/c they haven't integrated perceptual info with development of new motor behaviors.
We directly perceive info (ecological view)
Looking chambers to study visual preferences of infants.
Newborns experience "blooming, buzzing"
Visual Cliff experiment with Eleanor Gibson
At 4 mos, expectation of objects to be substantial & permanent.
Young infants believe the world has predictable occurances.
Early experiment on infants' sense of NUMBER.
Studied imitation & deferred imitation by infants.
2-3 month olds have detailed memories.
Explicit memory doesn't occur until 2nd half of 1st yr of life.
Developed the most commonly used infant intelligence test.
At 6 mos, lose ability to recognize different sounds that are not important in language.
Humans are prewired to learn language.
No evidence for reinforcement being responsible for language rule systems.
Young children intensely interested in their social worlds - can understand other people's intentions.
Infants of welfare parents have decreased vocab
Hart & Risely
Kids whose moms often speak to them have an increased vocabulary
Parents should have conversations with infants.