Human Growth & Dev Unit 1

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MeganM
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226781
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Human Growth & Dev Unit 1
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2013-07-11 23:08:47
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Psych
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  1. 8 stages
    Erikson
  2. Attachment
    Bowlby
  3. Statistics indicate the U.S. is low for industrial nations in treatment of children.
    Edelman
  4. Children's cognitive skills are not understood when they are only developmentally analyzed & interpreted.
    Vygotsky
  5. Children actively construct their world
    Piaget
  6. Rewards & punishments (operant conditioning).
    Skinner
  7. Consequences of behavior shape development.
    Skinner
  8. Social cognitive theorist; behavior, environment & cognition are key in development.
    Bandura
  9. Ethology (behavior is influenced by biology/evolution).
    Lorenz
  10. Ecological theory (5 systems).
    Brofenbrenner
  11. US, chronological age is irrelevant.
    Neugarten
  12. Learning good strategies to process information
    Siegler
  13. Ethnic minority doesn't get enough attn.
    Parke & Buriel
  14. Minnesota twin study
    Bouchard
  15. Natural selection
    Darwin
  16. Evolution influences how we make decisions, assess our fears and aggression
    Buss
  17. Benefits of evolution decrease with age.
    Baltes
  18. Biology is a broad range of cultural possibilities.
    Gould
  19. DNA helps determine characteristics.
    Moore
  20. Passive genotype environmental correlation more common in infants & young children.
    Scarr
  21. Kids in same environment often have different personalities.
    Plomin
  22. Parents don't matter with child behavior.
    Harris
  23. Epigenetic view.
    Gottlieb
  24. Nurse Family Partnership - home visits from 2nd or 3rd trimester through 2 yoa.
    Olds
  25. Developed prepared child birth.
    Lamaze
  26. Neonatal Behavior assessment scale
    Brazelton
  27. Role of touch & massage in development.
    Field
  28. Researcher on infant brain development.
    Nelson
  29. Motor development comes in fixed order through maturation.
    Gesell
  30. Developed clinical measure to assess potential abnormalities in infants.
    Gesell
  31. Infants assemble motor skills for perceiving & acting (dynamic systems theory).
    Thelen
  32. Children are accident prone at early stages of locomotion b/c they haven't integrated perceptual info with development of new motor behaviors.
    Adolph
  33. We directly perceive info (ecological view)
    Gibson
  34. Looking chambers to study visual preferences of infants.
    Fantz
  35. Newborns experience "blooming, buzzing"
    James
  36. Visual Cliff experiment with Eleanor Gibson
    Walk
  37. At 4 mos, expectation of objects to be substantial & permanent.
    Baillargeon
  38. Young infants believe the world has predictable occurances.
    Spelke
  39. Early experiment on infants' sense of NUMBER.
    Wynn
  40. Studied imitation & deferred imitation by infants.
    Meltzoff
  41. 2-3 month olds have detailed memories.
    Rovee-Collier
  42. Explicit memory doesn't occur until 2nd half of 1st yr of life.
    Mandler
  43. Developed the most commonly used infant intelligence test.
    Bayley
  44. At 6 mos, lose ability to recognize different sounds that are not important in language.
    Kuhl
  45. Humans are prewired to learn language.
    Chomskey
  46. No evidence for reinforcement being responsible for language rule systems.
    Brown
  47. Young children intensely interested in their social worlds - can understand other people's intentions.
    Tomasello
  48. Infants of welfare parents have decreased vocab
    Hart & Risely
  49. Kids whose moms often speak to them have an increased vocabulary
    Huttenlocher
  50. Parents should have conversations with infants.
    Baron

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