Project Management CH 2

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Author:
mjweston
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226842
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Project Management CH 2
Updated:
2013-07-12 13:39:58
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Project Management
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Chapter 2
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  1. Adaptive Software Development (ASD)
    a software development approach used when requriements cannot be clearly expressed early in the life cycle
  2. Agile Software Development
    a method for software development that uses new approaches, focusing on close collaboration between programming teams and business experts
  3. Champion
    a senior manager who acts as a key proponent for a project
  4. Deliverable
    a product or service, such as a technical report, a training session, a piece of hardware, or a segment of software code, produced or provided as part of a project
  5. Executive Steering Committee
    a group of senior executives from various parts of the organization who regularly review important corporate projects and issues
  6. Functional Organizational Structure
    an organizational structure that groups people by functional areas such as information technology, manufaturing, engineering, and human resources
  7. Human Resources Frame
    focuses on producing harmony between the needs of the organization and the needs of people
  8. IT Governance
    addresses the authority and control for key IT activities in organizations, including IT infrastructure, IT use, and project management
  9. Kill Point
    management review that should occur after each project phase to determine if projects should be continued, redirected, or terminated; also called a phase exit
  10. Matrix Organizational Structure
    an organizational structure in which employees are assigned to both functional and project managers
  11. Offshoring
    outsourcing from another country
  12. Organizational Culture
    a set of shared assumptions, values, and behaviors that characterize the functioning of an organization
  13. Outsourcing
    when an organization acquires goods and/or sources from an outside source
  14. Phase Exit
    management review that should occur after each project phase to determine if projects should be continued, redirected, or terminated; also called a kill point
  15. Political Frame
    addresses organizational and personal politics
  16. Politics
    competition between groups or individuals for power and leadership
  17. Predictive Life Cycle
    a software development approach used when the scope of the project can be clearly articulated and the schedule and cost can be accurately predicted
  18. Project Acquisition
    the last two phases in a project (implementation and close-out) that focus on delivering the actual work
  19. Project Feasibility
    the first two phases in a project (concept and development) that focus on planning
  20. Project Life Cycle
    a collection of project phases, such as concept, development, implementation, and close-out
  21. Project Organizational Structure
    an organizational structure that groups people by major projects, such as specific aircraft programs
  22. Structural Frame
    deals with how the organization is structured (usually depicted in an organizational chart) and focuses on different groups' roles and responsibilities to meet the goals and policies set by top management
  23. Symbolic Frame
    focuses on the symbols, meanings, and culture of an organization
  24. Systems
    sets of interacting components working within an environment to fulfill some purpose
  25. Systems Analysis
    a problem-solving approach that requires defining the scope of the system to be studied, and then dividing it into its component parts for identifying and evaluating its problems, opportunities, constraints, and needs
  26. Systems Approach
    a holistic and analytical approach to solving complex problems that includes using a systems philosophy, systems analysis, and systems management
  27. Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC)
    a framework for describing the phases involved in developing and maintaining information systems
  28. Systems Management
    addressing the business, technological, and organizational issues associated with creating, maintaining, and making changes to a system
  29. Systems Philosophy
    an overall model for thinking about things as systems
  30. Systems Thinking
    taking a holistic view of an organization to effectively handle complex situations
  31. Virtual Team
    a group of individuals who work across time and space using communication technologies

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