Project Management CH 5

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Project Management CH 5
2013-07-13 13:12:49
Project Management

Chapter 5
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  1. Analogy Approach
    creating a WBS by using a similar project's WBS as a starting point
  2. Bottom-up Approach
    creating a WBS by having team members identify as many specific tasks related to the project as possible and then grouping them into higher level categories
  3. Decomposition
    subdividing project deliverables into smaller pieces
  4. Deliverable
    a product, such as report or segment of software code, produced as part of a project
  5. Joint Application Design (JAD)
    using highly organized and intensive workshops to bring together project stake holders - the sponsor, users, business analysts, programmers, and so on - to jointly define and design information systems
  6. Project Scope Management
    the processes involved in defining and controlling what work is or is not included in a project
  7. Project Scope Statement
    a document that includes, at a minimum, a description of the project, including its overall objectives and justification, detailed descriptions of all project deliverables, and the characteristics and requirements of products and services produced as part of the project
  8. Prototyping
    developing a working replica of the system or some aspect of the system to help define user requirements
  9. Requirement
    a condition or capability that must be met or possessed by a system, product, service, result, or component to satisfy a contract, standard, specification, or other formal document
  10. Requirements Management PLan
    a plan that describes how project requirements will be analyzed, documented, and managed
  11. Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM)
    a table that lists requirements, various attributes of each requirement, and the status of the requirements to ensure that all requirements are addressed
  12. Scope
    all the work involved in creating the products of the project and the processes used to create them
  13. Scope Baseline
    the approved project scope statement and its associated WBS and WBS dictionary
  14. Scope Creep
    the tendency for project scope to keep getting bigger
  15. Top-down Approach
    creating a WBS by starting with the largest items of the project and breaking them into their subordinate items
  16. Use Case Modeling
    a process for identifying and modeling business events, who initiated them, and how the system should respond to them
  17. Variance
    the difference between planned and actual performance
  18. WBS Dictionary
    a document that describes detailed information about each WBS item
  19. Work Break Structure (WBS)
    a deliverable-oriented grouping of the work involved in a project that defines the total scope of the project
  20. Work Package
    a task at the lowest level of the WBS