ch. 18 emotional and social development in late adulthood

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  1. ego integrity vs. despair
    • -final conflict in eriksons theory
    • -ivolves coming to terms with one's life. adults who arrive at a sense of integrity feel whole, complete, and satisfied w/ their achievements.
    • -negative side is despair bc there is no time left and tend to hate other people.
  2. affect optimization
    • the ability to maximize positive emotion and dampen negative emotion
    • -elders improve in this.
  3. suicide rates among elders
    • -increase into the 70s
    • -depression is a factor
    • -how they perceive their health as neg or pos is more of a predictor than actual health.
  4. third age
    added years of longevity and health plus financial stability have granted this active, opportunistic time of life to so many seniors. some experts believe a new phase of late adulthood has evolved calling it the third age.
  5. dependency support script and independence ignore script
    • dependency support script - dependenct behaviors are attended to immediately.¬†
    • -independence ignore script - independent behaviors are mostly ignored.
  6. control vs. dependency
    dependency support script and independence ignore script
  7. disengagement theory
    mutual withdraw btwn elders and society takes place in anticipation of death.
  8. activity theory
     social barriers to engagemtent, not the desires of elders, cause declining rates of interaction. when older people lose certain roles (ex. retirement, widow) they try to find others in an effort to stay about as active and busy as they were in mid age.
  9. continuity theory
    -unlike activity theory, continuity does not view elders efforts to remain active in terms of simple replacement of lost social roles with new ones. rahter, most aging adults strive to maintain a personal system, an identity and personality, that promotes life satisfaction by ensuring consistency btwn their past and anticipated future.
  10. socioemotional selectivity theory
    • -change in goals depending on time left in life.
    • -time perspective.
  11. aging in place
    remaining in a familiar setting where they have control over their everyday life.
  12. the social convoy
    an influential model of changes in our social networks as we move thru life.
  13. secondary friends
    people who are not intimates but with whom they spend time with occasionally such as a grp that meets for lunch or cards.
  14. optimal aging
    gains are maximized and losses are minimized
  15. multigenerational living
    50% of 85 and older live alone. widowed women.
  16. bridge job
    ease in to retirement
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ch. 18 emotional and social development in late adulthood
2013-07-28 17:12:25

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