Ch 3 Theatre

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Author:
Risette
ID:
226971
Filename:
Ch 3 Theatre
Updated:
2013-07-13 17:37:27
Tags:
Brief History Theatre Architecture Stage Technology
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Description:
A Brief History of Theatre Architecture and Stage Technology
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  1. proscenium
    a stage configuration in which the spectators watch the action through a rectangular opening (the proscenium arch) that resembles a picture frame
  2. thrust stage
    a stage projecting into, and surrounded on threes sides by, the audience
  3. arena stage
    a stage completely surrounded by the audience
  4. forced perspective
    a visual-distortion technique that increases the apparent depth of an object
  5. raked stage
    a stage floor that is higher at the back than the front
  6. stock set
    scenery designed to visually support a generalized location (garden, city street, palace, interior) rather than a specific one; commonly used from the Renaissance through the early twentieth century and still in use today in some theatres
  7. drop
    a large expanse of cloth, usually muslin or canvas, on which something (a landscape, sky, street, room) is painted
  8. wings
    in scenic terms, either tall, cloth-covered frames or narrow, unframed drops placed on either side of the stage, parallel with the proscenium arch, to prevent the audience from seeing backstage; were usually painted
  9. apron
    the flat extension of the stage floor that projects from the proscenium arch toward the audience
  10. borders
    wide, short, framed or unframed cloth drops suspended to prevent the audience from seeing above the stage; normally match the decorative treatment of the wings and drops in wing and drop sets
  11. elevator trap
    a small elevator used to shift small pieces of scenery, or an actor, from the basement underneath the stage to the stage or vice versa. Usually no longer than 4x4 or 4x6 feet. Also known as a disappearance trap.
  12. elevator stage
    a large elevator used to shift large scenic elements or whole sets between the area beneath the stage and the stage
  13. revolving stage
    a large, circular disk that pivots on its central axis. Built into the stage floor as part of the theatre's permanent equipment
  14. concentric revolving stages
    a revolving stage with, usually, two sections, one rotating inside the other
  15. borderlights
    any lights hung above the stage, behind the borders (horizontal masking pieces). In this context, the borderlights were striplights--long, narrow troughlike fixtures usually containing eight to twelve individual lamps
  16. winglights
    lights hung on either side of the stage, usually concealed by wings (vertical masking pieces). In this context the winglights were striplights--long, narrow, troughlike fixtures usually containing eight to twelve individual lamps

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