Causative agent of another bacterial STD that can result in blindness in babies; can be transmitted "horizontally"
Caused by deep wound trauma and infection with Clostridium perfringens.
Older tagged antibody tests that are being phased out because of concern over the handling and disposal of dangerous materials.
This test is still used to diagnose syphilis in STD labs.
The ________ test is the confirmatory test for HIV and test for viral specific _______.
Western blot; antibodies
The skin test for tuberculoses exposure is an example of a _________ type of allergic reaction.
Injections of plasma immunoglobulins are an example of __________.
Toxoid injections are an example of?
Limiting exposure or interfering with transmission of a disease is a public health disease prevention strategy. What is are some examples?
sanitary water supply
The most serious and prevalent immunological disease in the world today that results from a viral infection.
How are diseases classified that occur occasionally, like SARS and Hanta?
Diseases that are always present at certain low level in a population.
A disease that develops in a patient rapidly but lasts only a short time.
A disease that develops relatively slowly and the body's reaction is not too severe.
The inflammation reaction in response to tissue damage, infection, or injury can be produced by what chemicals?
The two major criteria for a good and effective diagnostic immunological test series are that the test can be _____ and ______.
very sensitive; very specific
An infected individual that can spread a disease and not have any symptoms.
Post-exposure injection of attenuated live rabies virus following exposure to rabies is an example of what?
artificial active immunity
An antibody that cannot pass the placental barrier because of size.
Immunoglobulin injections after exposure to N. Menengitidis are an example of?
The first antibody to appear in a primary immune response.
Antibody that is called "dimer" because it is made of two bound smaller antibody "Y" subunits and is found on mucosal membranes.
Non-specific cellular chemical material that fights viral infections (flu).
These two granule containing cells degranulate if IgE combines with their surface causing the release of reactive substances that produce many of the symptoms of type I Anaphylactic hypersensitivity.
mast cells and basophils
Name 3 inflammatory mediators.
Cells on mucus membranes (muco-ciliary escalator) that secrete sticky fluids.
Cells that remain fixed in tissues and provide non-specific antimicrobial protection by engulfing and digesting foreign or invading microbial agents.
For an antigen to be antigenic, it must be _______ (4 things).
made of protein
have a high molecular weight
recognized as non-self material
An important nosocomial infection of concern today.
MDR S. aureus
What does the current prevention mechanism for the hemolytic disease of the newborn (rH factor compatibility) do?
blocks the formation of rH factor antibodies by the mother
An important family of general blood serum proteins which functions in many non-specific immune responses (*classic cascade rxn).
Invasion of the body by microbe resulting in disease.
Hay fever sufferers have recently been bothered by ragweed pollen, which is what?
standard protocol to prevent parenteral transfer of blood borne pathogens.
These cells are found resident (fixed) in tissues and can be phagocytic. They can also help trigger an inflammation rxn by releasing mediators such as histamine.
The theory that helps explain why our bodies do not produce antibodies against "self" material.
Forbidden clone theory
Serological test that results in a line of insoluble material wen soluble complementary antigens and antibodies interact (line can be visible on agarose gel plates or in a test tube as ring).
The T-cell response to antigenic challenge is different fro the B-cell response in that the stimulating antigen must first do what?
be ingested and processed by certain types of macrophages
Cytotoxic hypersensitivity reactions are immune disorders that involve IgM and IgG antibodies that react with cells and complement to cause cells to rupture and are examples of what type of immune hypersensitivity?
A hypersensitivity rxn that occurs relatively quickly and that can be localized (like hay fever) or systemic (anaphylactic) is an example of _________ immune hypersensitivity.
Type I ?
A hypersensitivity rxn that involves T-cells (Td) and occurs after an extended tie (2 days) is an example of ______ immune hypersensitivity.
The typing and cross matching of blood types before transfusions is an application of what type of immune antigen-antibody rxn?
Causative agent of the bacterial (gram neg, diplococci) STD that can also result in blindness in babies (can be transmitted horizontally).
A relationship between two organisms that live together and one benefits and the other is unaffected.
A relationship b/w 2 organisms that live together and one benefits and the other is harmed.
A relationship b/w 2 organisms that live together and both benefit.
Causative agent of the disease called "gas gangrene".
Causative agent of the disease "peptic ulcers"
Causative agent of the disease "antibiotic related enterocolitis"
Causative agent of the severe food poisoning from ingesting contaminated high protein low-acid canned goods.
Causative agent of the bacterial disease "travelers diarrhea"
Causative agent of the protozoan disease called "hikers and campers diarrhea"
Causative agent of the bacterial STD that can result in blindness in babies.
Causative agent of the bacterial STD (gram neg, diplococci) that can also result in blindness in babies.
Causative agent of the protozoan STD that is a foul smelling discharge in females.
Infectious proteins called _______ can cause diseases like Kuru, BSE, and CJD.
Causative agent of the "red measles", a highlyinfectious disease with severe complications in children.
A latent infection with this virus may later result in "shingles" in adults.
An infection with this virus may result in classic chicken pox.
An infection with this virus may result in classic hemorrhagic viral disease.
An infection with this virus may result in classic measles (prevented best by MMR vaccine).