Ch. 12 Theatre

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Ch. 12 Theatre
2013-07-13 23:56:12
Scene Painting

Scene Painting
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  1. pigment
    a material that imparts color to a paint or dye
  2. filler
    a material that creates opacity (covering power) in paint
  3. vehicle
    the liquid medium--water, oil, lacquer, and the like--in which pigments, fillers, and binders are suspended to create a paint mixture; after the paint is applied, the vehicle evaporates
  4. trompe l'oeil
    literally "to trick the eye." An illusion of three-dimensionality created with paint
  5. faux finish
    using techniques with paints/varnishes to create the illusion of a particular type of surface or material. For example, painting wood to look like metal or stone
  6. size water
    a mixture of one cup of hot animal glue and one tablespoon of Lysol per gallon of warm water; white glue can be substituted for the animal glue in approximately equal measure
  7. vinyl acrylic concentrate
    a highly saturated pigment with a vinyl acrylic binder; mixed with an opaque base (for tints) or a transparent base (for fully saturated hues) to create a working paint
  8. glaze
    a transparent, usually lightly tinted layer of thin paint
  9. aniline dye
    a transparent pigment made from aniline, a poisonous derivative of benzene; characterized by brilliant hues and full saturation
  10. bleeding (spreading)
    capillary action causes the dye solution to spread past the edge of the painted brush line
  11. distress
    to create a worn or aged appearance, as with fabric, wood, or metal
  12. spattering
    a technique of applying a relatively smooth covering of evenly spaced small droplets of paint to a surface
  13. box
    to pour paint back and forth buckets to ensure a complete and uniform mix
  14. garbage or slop paint
    any paint left over from previous paint jobs; the various hues are mixed to create a (usually) rather ugly light-brown color
  15. analogous (related) colors
    colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel
  16. holidays
    sections of a painted surface that appear lighter than the rest of the surface because the area is either unpainted or the paint was too lightly applied. Areas where the painter took a holiday.
  17. spray cone
    the pattern of paint emitted from the nozzle of a spray gun
  18. spray gun
    a pistol-like device that shoots out a cone of paint
  19. compressor
    a pump, typically electric- or gasoline-powered, that drivers air into a tank; output pressure from the tank is controlled by a valve called the regulator
  20. keystoning
    the distortion that occurs in a projected image when the projector is placed at some angle other than perpendicular to the center of the projection surface
  21. floor painting
    painting scenery--flats, drops, and so forth--on the floor rather than standing up or attached to a paint frame
  22. ferrule
    the metal part of a brush that binds the bristles to the handle
  23. source light
    the apparent source of light that is illuminating a scene or an object
  24. stencil paper
    stiff, water-resistant paper used for making stencils
  25. vacuforming
    the process of shaping heated plastic, usually high impact polystyrene, around a mold through the use of vacuum pressure
  26. stencil brush
    a short, squat brush with a circular pattern of short, stiff bristles; the bristles are pressed onto, rather than stroked across, the work, to prevent the paint from bleeding under the edges of the stencil
  27. backpainting
    literally to paint on the back. You paint on the back, or reverse, side of the scenery or drop
  28. polyvinyl alcohol
    a water-soluble synthetic thickener/adhesive
  29. bogus paper
    a heavy, soft, absorbent paper. Similar to blotter paper.