Amyl-Nitrate

Card Set Information

Author:
Ritameeker
ID:
227039
Filename:
Amyl-Nitrate
Updated:
2013-07-14 11:14:26
Tags:
Amyl Nitrate Cyanide Antidote paramedic drug study
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Description:
Amyl-Nitrate - Cyanide Antidote
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  1. Amyl-Nitrate

    Class
    Nitrate / Cyanide Antidote
  2. Amyl-Nitrate

    Mechanism of Action
    Coronary vasodilation.  Removes cyanide ion via complex mechanism.
  3. Amyl-Nitrate

    Onset of Action
    Peak Effect
    Duration
    Half-Life
    • 10 - 30 seconds
    • 30 seconds
    • 3 - 5 minutes
    • Not applicable
  4. Amyl-Nitrate

    Indications
    Cyanide poisoning (bitter almond smell to breath)
  5. Amyl-Nitrate

    Contraindications
    None when used in cyanide poisoning
  6. Amyl-Nitrate

    Precautions
    Has tendency for abuse
  7. Amyl-Nitrate

    Side Effects
    • HA
    • Hypotension
    • Reflex tachycardia
    • Nausea
    • Effects decrease after 20 minutes
  8. Amyl-Nitrate

    Adult Dose
    • 1 - 2 inhalants should be crushed & inhaled.
    • Repeat every minute or so until reaching ED.
  9. Amyl-Nitrate

    Pedi Dose
    • 1 - 2 inhalants broken and inhaled
    • repeat as needed until reaching ED
  10. Amyl-Nitrate

    Max Dose
    None
  11. Amyl-Nitrate

    Route / How Supplied
    Inhalation

    Inhalant

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