Hydroxocobalamin

Card Set Information

Author:
Ritameeker
ID:
227041
Filename:
Hydroxocobalamin
Updated:
2013-07-14 11:21:29
Tags:
Hydroxocobalamin Cyanokit Cyanide Antidote paramedic drug study
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Description:
Hydroxocobalamin Cyanokit
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  1. Hydroxocobalamin

    Names / Class
    Cyanokit

    Cyanide Antidote
  2. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    Mechanism of Action
    Chelates cyanide ion from cytochrome oxidase so that it can be cleared in the urine.
  3. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    Onset of Action
    Peak Effect
    Duration
    Half-Life
    • 2 - 15 minutes
    • Varies
    • Varies
    • 26 - 31 hours
  4. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    Indications
    Presumed or confirmed cyanide poisoning
  5. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    Contraindications
    None when used for cyanide poisoning
  6. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    Precautions
    • Consider decon measures based on route of exposure.
    • Monitor for airway patency, oxygenation, hydration, and seizure activity
  7. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    Side Effects
    • Allergic reactions and transient HTN reported
    • Red skin
    • Red urine
    • Increased BP
    • Flushing
  8. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    Adult Dose
    • 5 g IV over 15 minutes
    • 2nd dose may be administered if needed for a total of 10 g.
  9. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    Pedi Dose
    Not studied
  10. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    Max Dose
    10 g
  11. Hydroxocobalamin / Cyanokit

    RouteĀ / How Supplied
    IV

    Unknown

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