Aminophylline

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Ritameeker
ID:
227042
Filename:
Aminophylline
Updated:
2013-07-14 11:33:31
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Aminophylline Somophyllin Bronchodilator paramedic drug study
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Description:
Aminophylline Somophyllin
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  1. Aminophylline

    Names / Class
    Somophyllin

    Xanthine Bronchodilator
  2. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Mechanism of Action
    Smooth muscle relaxant causes bronchodilation.  Mild diuretic properties.  Increases HR and cardiac output.
  3. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Onset of Action
    Peak Effects
    Duration
    Half-Life
    • 15 minutes
    • 15 minutes
    • Varies
    • 4 hours
  4. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Indications
    • Bronchial asthma
    • Bronchospasms associated with chronic bronchitis & emphysema (COPD)
    • CHF & Pulmonary Edema - rarely
  5. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Contraindications
    • Hx of hypersensitivity to the medication
    • Hypotension
    • Peptic ulcer disease
  6. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Precautions
    • Monitor for arrhythmias, & BP
    • Don't give to Pts on theophylline until blood level determined.
    • Caution in Pts with hx of HTN.
  7. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Side Effects
    • Convulsions
    • Anxiety
    • Dizziness
    • Vomiting
    • PVCs
    • Palpitations
    • Tachycardia
    • CP
  8. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Adult Dose
    • Bronchial asthma (no fluid overload or edema):
    • 250 mg in 90 mL   (OR)
    • 500 mg in 80 mL
    • of 5% dextrose into 100 mL IV bag of NS over 20 - 30 minutes.
  9. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Pedi Dose
    6 mg/kg over 20 - 30 minutes

    Max of 12 mg/kg in 24 hours
  10. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Max Dose
    500 mg in 30 minutes  (?)
  11. Aminophylline / Somophyllin

    Routes / How Supplied
    • Slow IV infusion
    • Suppository

    • Vial
    • Suppository

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