Nitropress

Card Set Information

Author:
Ritameeker
ID:
227044
Filename:
Nitropress
Updated:
2013-07-14 11:51:31
Tags:
Sodium Nitroprusside Nitropress Nipride Vasodilator paramedic drug study
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Description:
Nitropress
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  1. Nitropress

    Names / Class
    • Sodium Nitroprusside
    • Nipride

    Vasodilator
  2. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Mechanism of Action
    • Peripheral arterial & venous vasodilator.
    • Decreases BP.
    • Increases cardiac output in CHF.
  3. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Onset of Action
    Peak Effect
    Duration
    Half-Life
    • <1 minute
    • 1 - 5 minutes
    • 1 - 10 minutes
    • 2.7 - 7 days
  4. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Indications
    Hypertensive emergency
  5. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Contraindications
    None when used in life threatening emergencies
  6. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Precautions
    • Protect from light
    • Not for use in pedi or pregnant Pts prehospitally
    • Monitor BP, HR, and EKG
    • * Can cause cyanide toxicity, esp. in higher doses.
  7. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Side Effects
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Palpitations
    • Diaphoresis
    • Tachycardia
    • Dizziness
  8. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Adult Dose
    0.25 mcg/kg/minute - can be increased to max of 3 mcg/kg/min.

    Dilute 50 mg in 500 mL D5W = 100 mcg/mL

    Wrap concentration to protect from light immediately once prepared (foil)
  9. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Pedi Dose
    Not Indicated prehospitally
  10. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Max Dose
    3 mcg/kg/min
  11. Nitropress / Nipride / Sodium Nitroprusside

    Route / How Supplied
    IV infusion only

    unknown - vial?

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